A geography for preventive cardiology

The distribution of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in the U.S.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), including coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke, is the leading cause of death in the U.S. Despite the decline in CVD mortality rates over the past three decades, the number of people affected and the economic impact of CVD have steadily increased during this period. Multiple risk factors are associated with CVD developing in an individual. In the field of preventive cardiology, strategies have been refined to address these factors, especially for reducing elevated serum lipid levels, blood pressure, and excess weight and for increasing physical activity and healthful dietary choices. Important to these strategies is the acknowledgement that the physical and social contexts in which health behaviors occur is important. Knowing the geographic distribution of CVD risk factors can be important in planning and implementing successful interventions among individuals. Therefore we created a risk factor atlas for CVD with data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. The atlas reveals little geographic patterning for some risk factors and preventive practices (such as weight loss and smoking cessation), moderate geographic patterning for others (such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension), and marked geographic patterning for others (such as physical inactivity, smoking, and multiple risks) among white and black men and women across the U.S. The atlas is a tool that can serve as a template for local application by providing useful information about the geographic dispersion of CVD risk to the preventive cardiologist assessing and counseling patients about their risk for CVD. (C) 1999 by CHF, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)164-170
Number of pages7
JournalPreventive Cardiology
Volume2
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

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Geography
Cardiology
Cardiovascular Diseases
Atlases
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
Health Behavior
Smoking Cessation
Coronary Disease
Counseling
Weight Loss
Cause of Death
Diabetes Mellitus
Smoking
Stroke
Economics
Exercise
Blood Pressure
Hypertension
Lipids
Weights and Measures

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

A geography for preventive cardiology : The distribution of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in the U.S. / Heath, Gregory.

In: Preventive Cardiology, Vol. 2, No. 4, 01.12.1999, p. 164-170.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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