A hepatic fibrogenic factor stimulates the synthesis of types I, III, and V procollagens in cultured cells.

I. Choe, R. S. Aycock, Rajendra Raghow, J. C. Myers, J. M. Seyer, Andrew Kang

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Abstract

A hepatic fibrogenic factor (HFF) isolated from fibrotic rat livers has previously been shown to stimulate the transcription of type I procollagen genes in cultured fibroblasts (Raghow, R., Gossage, D., Seyer, J. M., and Kang, A.H. (1984) J. Biol. Chem. 259, 12718-12723). To test if the expression of other collagen genes was similarly affected by the fibrogenic factor, we measured the rates of types I, III, and V procollagen synthesis in two different cell lines after treatment with HFF. The effect of fibrogenic factor on types I and III procollagens was tested in rat fibroblasts, while a human rhabdomyosarcoma cell line was used to evaluate the effect of HFF on type V procollagen synthesis. Incubation with rat fibroblasts resulted in a 3-4-fold stimulation of the synthesis of both types I and III procollagens in a time-dependent manner. The stimulated rates of types I and III procollagen synthesis accompanied an increase in the steady-state levels of their corresponding mRNAs. When A204 cells, which are derived from a rhabdomyosarcoma and exclusively synthesize type V procollagen, were incubated with the fibrogenic factor, a 3-4-fold stimulation of the synthesis of both pro-alpha 1(V) and pro-alpha 2(V) chains was seen. Using a cDNA probe for pro-alpha 2(V), we also observed that there was a 2-3-fold increase in the steady-state level of pro-alpha 2(V) mRNA in A204 cells after treatment with the fibrogenic factor. In both rat fibroblasts and A204 cells the steady-state levels of beta-actin mRNA were minimally affected by fibrogenic factor, suggesting that the procollagen genes were preferentially affected. Since types I, III, and V collagens are present in the normal liver and accumulate aberrantly in the fibrotic liver, we suggest that fibrogenic factor may play an important role in determining the altered collagen composition of the fibrotic liver. Based on these data, we also speculate that the regulation of the biosynthesis of a variety of procollagens in diverse cell types by HFF possibly occurs by a common mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5408-5413
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume262
Issue number11
StatePublished - Apr 15 1987

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Procollagen
Collagen Type III
Cultured Cells
Fibroblasts
A 204
Liver
Cells
Rats
Collagen Type V
Collagen
Genes
Messenger RNA
Rhabdomyosarcoma
Collagen Type I
Biosynthesis
Transcription
Cell Line
Actins
Complementary DNA
Hepatocytes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

A hepatic fibrogenic factor stimulates the synthesis of types I, III, and V procollagens in cultured cells. / Choe, I.; Aycock, R. S.; Raghow, Rajendra; Myers, J. C.; Seyer, J. M.; Kang, Andrew.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 262, No. 11, 15.04.1987, p. 5408-5413.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "A hepatic fibrogenic factor stimulates the synthesis of types I, III, and V procollagens in cultured cells.",
abstract = "A hepatic fibrogenic factor (HFF) isolated from fibrotic rat livers has previously been shown to stimulate the transcription of type I procollagen genes in cultured fibroblasts (Raghow, R., Gossage, D., Seyer, J. M., and Kang, A.H. (1984) J. Biol. Chem. 259, 12718-12723). To test if the expression of other collagen genes was similarly affected by the fibrogenic factor, we measured the rates of types I, III, and V procollagen synthesis in two different cell lines after treatment with HFF. The effect of fibrogenic factor on types I and III procollagens was tested in rat fibroblasts, while a human rhabdomyosarcoma cell line was used to evaluate the effect of HFF on type V procollagen synthesis. Incubation with rat fibroblasts resulted in a 3-4-fold stimulation of the synthesis of both types I and III procollagens in a time-dependent manner. The stimulated rates of types I and III procollagen synthesis accompanied an increase in the steady-state levels of their corresponding mRNAs. When A204 cells, which are derived from a rhabdomyosarcoma and exclusively synthesize type V procollagen, were incubated with the fibrogenic factor, a 3-4-fold stimulation of the synthesis of both pro-alpha 1(V) and pro-alpha 2(V) chains was seen. Using a cDNA probe for pro-alpha 2(V), we also observed that there was a 2-3-fold increase in the steady-state level of pro-alpha 2(V) mRNA in A204 cells after treatment with the fibrogenic factor. In both rat fibroblasts and A204 cells the steady-state levels of beta-actin mRNA were minimally affected by fibrogenic factor, suggesting that the procollagen genes were preferentially affected. Since types I, III, and V collagens are present in the normal liver and accumulate aberrantly in the fibrotic liver, we suggest that fibrogenic factor may play an important role in determining the altered collagen composition of the fibrotic liver. Based on these data, we also speculate that the regulation of the biosynthesis of a variety of procollagens in diverse cell types by HFF possibly occurs by a common mechanism.",
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T1 - A hepatic fibrogenic factor stimulates the synthesis of types I, III, and V procollagens in cultured cells.

AU - Choe, I.

AU - Aycock, R. S.

AU - Raghow, Rajendra

AU - Myers, J. C.

AU - Seyer, J. M.

AU - Kang, Andrew

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N2 - A hepatic fibrogenic factor (HFF) isolated from fibrotic rat livers has previously been shown to stimulate the transcription of type I procollagen genes in cultured fibroblasts (Raghow, R., Gossage, D., Seyer, J. M., and Kang, A.H. (1984) J. Biol. Chem. 259, 12718-12723). To test if the expression of other collagen genes was similarly affected by the fibrogenic factor, we measured the rates of types I, III, and V procollagen synthesis in two different cell lines after treatment with HFF. The effect of fibrogenic factor on types I and III procollagens was tested in rat fibroblasts, while a human rhabdomyosarcoma cell line was used to evaluate the effect of HFF on type V procollagen synthesis. Incubation with rat fibroblasts resulted in a 3-4-fold stimulation of the synthesis of both types I and III procollagens in a time-dependent manner. The stimulated rates of types I and III procollagen synthesis accompanied an increase in the steady-state levels of their corresponding mRNAs. When A204 cells, which are derived from a rhabdomyosarcoma and exclusively synthesize type V procollagen, were incubated with the fibrogenic factor, a 3-4-fold stimulation of the synthesis of both pro-alpha 1(V) and pro-alpha 2(V) chains was seen. Using a cDNA probe for pro-alpha 2(V), we also observed that there was a 2-3-fold increase in the steady-state level of pro-alpha 2(V) mRNA in A204 cells after treatment with the fibrogenic factor. In both rat fibroblasts and A204 cells the steady-state levels of beta-actin mRNA were minimally affected by fibrogenic factor, suggesting that the procollagen genes were preferentially affected. Since types I, III, and V collagens are present in the normal liver and accumulate aberrantly in the fibrotic liver, we suggest that fibrogenic factor may play an important role in determining the altered collagen composition of the fibrotic liver. Based on these data, we also speculate that the regulation of the biosynthesis of a variety of procollagens in diverse cell types by HFF possibly occurs by a common mechanism.

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