A longitudinal analysis of accelerated weight gain in preschool children

R. C. Klesges, L. M. Klesges, L. H. Eck, M. L. Shelton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

186 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of the current investigation was to determine the dietary, physical activity, family history, and demographic predictors of relative weight change in a cohort of 146 children over a 3-year period. Results indicated that boys of normal-weight parents or who had only one parent overweight showed decreases in their body mass index (BMI) while those with two parents overweight showed increases. Girls with an overweight father showed BMI increases while others experienced decreases in BMI. Additionally, baseline intake of kilocalories from fat as well as decreases in fat intake were related to decreases in BMI. At higher levels of baseline aerobic activity, subsequent changes in BMI decreased. There was also a trend for changes in leisure activity-increases in children's leisure activity was associated with decreases in subsequent weight gain. Modifiable variables (ie, dietary intake, physical activity) accounted for more of the variance in changes in child BMI change than nonmodifiable variables (eg, number of parents obese). These results strongly suggest that encouragement of heart healthy dietary intake patterns and participation in physical activity can decrease accelerated weight gain and obesity, even in preschool children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-130
Number of pages5
JournalPediatrics
Volume95
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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Preschool Children
Weight Gain
Body Mass Index
Parents
Leisure Activities
Exercise
Fats
Weights and Measures
Fathers
Obesity
Demography

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Klesges, R. C., Klesges, L. M., Eck, L. H., & Shelton, M. L. (1995). A longitudinal analysis of accelerated weight gain in preschool children. Pediatrics, 95(1), 126-130.

A longitudinal analysis of accelerated weight gain in preschool children. / Klesges, R. C.; Klesges, L. M.; Eck, L. H.; Shelton, M. L.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 95, No. 1, 01.01.1995, p. 126-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Klesges, RC, Klesges, LM, Eck, LH & Shelton, ML 1995, 'A longitudinal analysis of accelerated weight gain in preschool children', Pediatrics, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 126-130.
Klesges RC, Klesges LM, Eck LH, Shelton ML. A longitudinal analysis of accelerated weight gain in preschool children. Pediatrics. 1995 Jan 1;95(1):126-130.
Klesges, R. C. ; Klesges, L. M. ; Eck, L. H. ; Shelton, M. L. / A longitudinal analysis of accelerated weight gain in preschool children. In: Pediatrics. 1995 ; Vol. 95, No. 1. pp. 126-130.
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