A novel heat shock protein alpha 8 (Hspa8) molecular network mediating responses to stress- and ethanol-related behaviors

Kyle R. Urquhart, Yinghong Zhao, Jessica A. Baker, Ye Lu, Lei Yan, Melloni N. Cook, Byron Jones, Kristin Hamre, Lu Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Genetic differences mediate individual differences in susceptibility and responses to stress and ethanol, although, the specific molecular pathways that control these responses are not fully understood. Heat shock protein alpha 8 (Hspa8) is a molecular chaperone and member of the heat shock protein family that plays an integral role in the stress response and that has been implicated as an ethanol-responsive gene. Therefore, we assessed its role in mediating responses to stress and ethanol across varying genetic backgrounds. The hippocampus is an important mediator of these responses, and thus, was examined in the BXD family of mice in this study. We conducted bioinformatic analyses to dissect genetic factors modulating Hspa8 expression, identify downstream targets of Hspa8, and examined its role. Hspa8 is trans-regulated by a gene or genes on chromosome 14 and is part of a molecular network that regulates stress- and ethanol-related behaviors. To determine additional components of this network, we identified direct or indirect targets of Hspa8 and show that these genes, as predicted, participate in processes such as protein folding and organic substance metabolic processes. Two phenotypes that map to the Hspa8 locus are anxiety-related and numerous other anxiety- and/or ethanol-related behaviors significantly correlate with Hspa8 expression. To more directly assay this relationship, we examined differences in gene expression following exposure to stress or alcohol and showed treatment-related differential expression of Hspa8 and a subset of the members of its network. Our findings suggest that Hspa8 plays a vital role in genetic differences in responses to stress and ethanol and their interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-105
Number of pages15
JournalNeurogenetics
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

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Heat-Shock Proteins
Ethanol
Genes
Anxiety
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14
Molecular Chaperones
Protein Folding
Computational Biology
Individuality
Hippocampus
Alcohols
Phenotype
Gene Expression

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

A novel heat shock protein alpha 8 (Hspa8) molecular network mediating responses to stress- and ethanol-related behaviors. / Urquhart, Kyle R.; Zhao, Yinghong; Baker, Jessica A.; Lu, Ye; Yan, Lei; Cook, Melloni N.; Jones, Byron; Hamre, Kristin; Lu, Lu.

In: Neurogenetics, Vol. 17, No. 2, 01.04.2016, p. 91-105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Urquhart, Kyle R. ; Zhao, Yinghong ; Baker, Jessica A. ; Lu, Ye ; Yan, Lei ; Cook, Melloni N. ; Jones, Byron ; Hamre, Kristin ; Lu, Lu. / A novel heat shock protein alpha 8 (Hspa8) molecular network mediating responses to stress- and ethanol-related behaviors. In: Neurogenetics. 2016 ; Vol. 17, No. 2. pp. 91-105.
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