A novel role for nuclear factor of activated T cells in receptor tyrosine kinase and G protein-coupled receptor agonist-induced vascular smooth muscle cell motility

Zhimin Liu, Nagadhara Dronadula, Rao Gadiparthi

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Abstract

In addition to their role in cytokine gene regulation in T cells, nuclear factors of activated T cells (NFATs) have been shown to be involved in cardiac development and hypertrophy. We have reported previously that NFATs play an important role in the regulation of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation by receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) and G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) agonists, platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) and thrombin, respectively. To understand the role of NFATs in vascular disease and development, we have now studied the role of these transcriptional factors in VSMC motility. PDGF-BB and thrombin induced VSMC motility in a dose-dependent manner. Blockade of NFAT activation resulted in substantial reduction in PDGF-BB- and thrombin-induced VSMC motility. PDGF-BB and thrombin also induced interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression in NFAT-dependent manner. Furthermore, IL-6 dose-dependently caused VSMC motility. A neutralizing anti-rat IL-6 antibody inhibited VSMC motility induced by IL-6, PDGF-BB, and thrombin. In addition, exogenous addition of IL-6 rescued both PDGF-BB- and thrombin-induced VSMC motility from inhibition by the blockade of NFAT activation. Together, these results for the first time demonstrate that NFATs mediate both RTK and GPCR agonist-induced VSMC motility via induction of expression of IL-6.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41218-41226
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number39
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 24 2004

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NFATC Transcription Factors
G-Protein-Coupled Receptors
T-Cell Antigen Receptor
Vascular Smooth Muscle
Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Cell Movement
Muscle
Cells
Thrombin
Interleukin-6
Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Chemical activation
TCF Transcription Factors
T-cells
Cell proliferation
Cardiomegaly
Vascular Diseases
Gene expression
platelet-derived growth factor BB

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "A novel role for nuclear factor of activated T cells in receptor tyrosine kinase and G protein-coupled receptor agonist-induced vascular smooth muscle cell motility",
abstract = "In addition to their role in cytokine gene regulation in T cells, nuclear factors of activated T cells (NFATs) have been shown to be involved in cardiac development and hypertrophy. We have reported previously that NFATs play an important role in the regulation of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation by receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) and G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) agonists, platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) and thrombin, respectively. To understand the role of NFATs in vascular disease and development, we have now studied the role of these transcriptional factors in VSMC motility. PDGF-BB and thrombin induced VSMC motility in a dose-dependent manner. Blockade of NFAT activation resulted in substantial reduction in PDGF-BB- and thrombin-induced VSMC motility. PDGF-BB and thrombin also induced interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression in NFAT-dependent manner. Furthermore, IL-6 dose-dependently caused VSMC motility. A neutralizing anti-rat IL-6 antibody inhibited VSMC motility induced by IL-6, PDGF-BB, and thrombin. In addition, exogenous addition of IL-6 rescued both PDGF-BB- and thrombin-induced VSMC motility from inhibition by the blockade of NFAT activation. Together, these results for the first time demonstrate that NFATs mediate both RTK and GPCR agonist-induced VSMC motility via induction of expression of IL-6.",
author = "Zhimin Liu and Nagadhara Dronadula and Rao Gadiparthi",
year = "2004",
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T1 - A novel role for nuclear factor of activated T cells in receptor tyrosine kinase and G protein-coupled receptor agonist-induced vascular smooth muscle cell motility

AU - Liu, Zhimin

AU - Dronadula, Nagadhara

AU - Gadiparthi, Rao

PY - 2004/9/24

Y1 - 2004/9/24

N2 - In addition to their role in cytokine gene regulation in T cells, nuclear factors of activated T cells (NFATs) have been shown to be involved in cardiac development and hypertrophy. We have reported previously that NFATs play an important role in the regulation of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation by receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) and G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) agonists, platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) and thrombin, respectively. To understand the role of NFATs in vascular disease and development, we have now studied the role of these transcriptional factors in VSMC motility. PDGF-BB and thrombin induced VSMC motility in a dose-dependent manner. Blockade of NFAT activation resulted in substantial reduction in PDGF-BB- and thrombin-induced VSMC motility. PDGF-BB and thrombin also induced interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression in NFAT-dependent manner. Furthermore, IL-6 dose-dependently caused VSMC motility. A neutralizing anti-rat IL-6 antibody inhibited VSMC motility induced by IL-6, PDGF-BB, and thrombin. In addition, exogenous addition of IL-6 rescued both PDGF-BB- and thrombin-induced VSMC motility from inhibition by the blockade of NFAT activation. Together, these results for the first time demonstrate that NFATs mediate both RTK and GPCR agonist-induced VSMC motility via induction of expression of IL-6.

AB - In addition to their role in cytokine gene regulation in T cells, nuclear factors of activated T cells (NFATs) have been shown to be involved in cardiac development and hypertrophy. We have reported previously that NFATs play an important role in the regulation of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation by receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) and G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) agonists, platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) and thrombin, respectively. To understand the role of NFATs in vascular disease and development, we have now studied the role of these transcriptional factors in VSMC motility. PDGF-BB and thrombin induced VSMC motility in a dose-dependent manner. Blockade of NFAT activation resulted in substantial reduction in PDGF-BB- and thrombin-induced VSMC motility. PDGF-BB and thrombin also induced interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression in NFAT-dependent manner. Furthermore, IL-6 dose-dependently caused VSMC motility. A neutralizing anti-rat IL-6 antibody inhibited VSMC motility induced by IL-6, PDGF-BB, and thrombin. In addition, exogenous addition of IL-6 rescued both PDGF-BB- and thrombin-induced VSMC motility from inhibition by the blockade of NFAT activation. Together, these results for the first time demonstrate that NFATs mediate both RTK and GPCR agonist-induced VSMC motility via induction of expression of IL-6.

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