A review of barriers and myths preventing the more widespread use of intrauterine contraception in nulliparous women

Kirsten Black, Pamela Lotke, Kai J. Buhling, Nikki Zite

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives Intrauterine contracepives (IUCs) are highly effective and safe for use in all women, including those who are nulliparous. However, many myths and barriers prevent more widespread utilisation. The objective of this article was to explore the health care provider (HCP), health system and user issues that prevent more widespread use of IUCs, particularly among nulliparous women, and to present the evidence that supports achieving greater utilisation of these devices. Methods MEDLINE, PubMed and Embase were used to identify studies reporting attitudes and beliefs around IUCs, and clinical studies providing evidence of their risks and benefits. Results HCP, health system and user factors limiting use of IUCs were identified. The most widely explored barriers in published studies are those at the HCP level. User barriers are less well documented and health system barriers are mostly assessed through indirect evidence. Many, but not all, of the barriers can be reduced through greater understanding of the evidence. Conclusions Efforts need to be made to disseminate the evidence, which shows that few contraindications exist to IUC use. Addressing HCP lack of knowledge, training and confidence with IUC insertions, particularly in nulliparous women, could make a substantial positive impact on IUC utilisation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)340-350
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012

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Contraception
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Health
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Equipment and Supplies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

A review of barriers and myths preventing the more widespread use of intrauterine contraception in nulliparous women. / Black, Kirsten; Lotke, Pamela; Buhling, Kai J.; Zite, Nikki.

In: European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care, Vol. 17, No. 5, 01.10.2012, p. 340-350.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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