Accelerated cardiac remodeling in desmoplakin transgenic mice in response to endurance exercise is associated with perturbed wnt/β-catenin signaling

Ruben Martherus, Rahul Jain, Ken Takagi, Uzmee Mendsaikhan, Subat Turdi, Hanna Osinska, Jeanne F. James, Kristen Kramer, Enkhsaikhan Purevjav, Jeffrey Towbin

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Abstract

Arrhythmogenic ventricular cardiomyopathy (AVC) is a frequent underlying cause for arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death especially during intense exercise. The mechanisms involved remain largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate how chronic endurance exercise contributes to desmoplakin (DSP) mutation-induced AVC pathogenesis. Transgenic mice with overexpression of desmoplakin, wild-type (Tg- DSPWT), or the R2834H mutant (Tg-DSPR2834H) along with control nontransgenic (NTg) littermates were kept sedentary or exposed to a daily running regimen for 12 wk. Cardiac function and morphology were analyzed using echocardiography, electrocardiography, histology, immunohistochemistry, RNA, and protein analysis. At baseline, 4-wk-old mice from all groups displayed normal cardiac function. When subjected to exercise, all mice retained normal cardiac function and left ventricular morphology; however, Tg-DSPR2834H mutants displayed right ventricular (RV) dilation and wall thinning, unlike NTg and Tg-DSPWT. The Tg-DSPR2834H hearts demonstrated focal fat infiltrations in RV and cytoplasmic aggregations consisting of desmoplakin, plakoglobin, and connexin 43. These aggregates coincided with disruption of the intercalated disks, intermediate filaments, and microtubules. Although Tg-DSPR2834H mice already displayed high levels of p-GSK3-βSer9 and p-AKT1Ser473 under sedentary conditions, decrease of nuclear GSK3-β and AKT1 levels with reduced p-GSK3-βSer9, p-AKT1Ser473, and p-AKT1Ser308 and loss of nuclear junctional plakoglobin was apparent after exercise. In contrast, Tg-DSPWT showed upregulation of p-AKT1Ser473, p-AKT1Ser308, and p-GSK3-βSer9 in response to exercise. Our data suggest that endurance exercise accelerates AVC pathogenesis in Tg-DSPR2834H mice and this event is associated with perturbed AKT1 and GSK3-βsignaling. Our study suggests a potential mechanism-based approach to exercise management in patients with AVC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H174-H187
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume310
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

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Desmoplakins
Catenins
Transgenic Mice
Cardiomyopathies
Exercise
gamma Catenin
Connexin 43
Intermediate Filaments
Sudden Cardiac Death
Left Ventricular Function
Microtubules
Running
Echocardiography
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Dilatation
Histology
Electrocardiography
Up-Regulation
Immunohistochemistry
Fats

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Accelerated cardiac remodeling in desmoplakin transgenic mice in response to endurance exercise is associated with perturbed wnt/β-catenin signaling. / Martherus, Ruben; Jain, Rahul; Takagi, Ken; Mendsaikhan, Uzmee; Turdi, Subat; Osinska, Hanna; James, Jeanne F.; Kramer, Kristen; Purevjav, Enkhsaikhan; Towbin, Jeffrey.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, Vol. 310, No. 2, 01.01.2016, p. H174-H187.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Martherus, Ruben ; Jain, Rahul ; Takagi, Ken ; Mendsaikhan, Uzmee ; Turdi, Subat ; Osinska, Hanna ; James, Jeanne F. ; Kramer, Kristen ; Purevjav, Enkhsaikhan ; Towbin, Jeffrey. / Accelerated cardiac remodeling in desmoplakin transgenic mice in response to endurance exercise is associated with perturbed wnt/β-catenin signaling. In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology. 2016 ; Vol. 310, No. 2. pp. H174-H187.
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abstract = "Arrhythmogenic ventricular cardiomyopathy (AVC) is a frequent underlying cause for arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death especially during intense exercise. The mechanisms involved remain largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate how chronic endurance exercise contributes to desmoplakin (DSP) mutation-induced AVC pathogenesis. Transgenic mice with overexpression of desmoplakin, wild-type (Tg- DSPWT), or the R2834H mutant (Tg-DSPR2834H) along with control nontransgenic (NTg) littermates were kept sedentary or exposed to a daily running regimen for 12 wk. Cardiac function and morphology were analyzed using echocardiography, electrocardiography, histology, immunohistochemistry, RNA, and protein analysis. At baseline, 4-wk-old mice from all groups displayed normal cardiac function. When subjected to exercise, all mice retained normal cardiac function and left ventricular morphology; however, Tg-DSPR2834H mutants displayed right ventricular (RV) dilation and wall thinning, unlike NTg and Tg-DSPWT. The Tg-DSPR2834H hearts demonstrated focal fat infiltrations in RV and cytoplasmic aggregations consisting of desmoplakin, plakoglobin, and connexin 43. These aggregates coincided with disruption of the intercalated disks, intermediate filaments, and microtubules. Although Tg-DSPR2834H mice already displayed high levels of p-GSK3-βSer9 and p-AKT1Ser473 under sedentary conditions, decrease of nuclear GSK3-β and AKT1 levels with reduced p-GSK3-βSer9, p-AKT1Ser473, and p-AKT1Ser308 and loss of nuclear junctional plakoglobin was apparent after exercise. In contrast, Tg-DSPWT showed upregulation of p-AKT1Ser473, p-AKT1Ser308, and p-GSK3-βSer9 in response to exercise. Our data suggest that endurance exercise accelerates AVC pathogenesis in Tg-DSPR2834H mice and this event is associated with perturbed AKT1 and GSK3-βsignaling. Our study suggests a potential mechanism-based approach to exercise management in patients with AVC.",
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AU - Mendsaikhan, Uzmee

AU - Turdi, Subat

AU - Osinska, Hanna

AU - James, Jeanne F.

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AU - Purevjav, Enkhsaikhan

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