Activity of ribavirin against Hantaan virus correlates with production of ribavirin-5′-triphosphate, not with inhibition of IMP dehydrogenase

Yanjie Sun, Dong Hoon Chung, Yong Kyu Chu, Colleen Jonsson, William B. Parker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ribavirin (RBV) is a broad-spectrum antiviral agent that inhibits the production of infectious Hantaan virus (HTNV). Although the mechanism of action of RBV against HTNV is not understood, RBV is metabolized in human cells to both RBV-5′-monophosphate, which inhibits IMP dehydrogenase, resulting in a decrease in intracellular GTP levels, and RBV-5′-triphosphate (RBV-TP), which could selectively interact with the viral RNA polymerase. To elucidate which activity of RBV was most important to its anti-HTNV activity, the mechanism of action of RBV was studied in Vero E6 cells. Incubation with 10 to 40 μg/ml RBV resulted in a small decrease in GTP levels that was not dose dependent. Increasing the RBV concentration from 10 to 40 μg/ml resulted in a decrease in viral RNA (vRNA) levels and an increase in RBV-TP formation. Mycophenolic acid (MPA), an inhibitor of IMP dehydrogenase, also resulted in a decrease in vRNA levels; however, treatment with MPA resulted in a much greater decrease in GTP levels than that seen with RBV. Treatment with both MPA and RBV resulted in increased reduction of vRNA levels but did not result in enhanced depression of GTP levels. Although guanosine prevented the depression in GTP levels caused by RBV, guanosine only partially prevented the effect of RBV on vRNA levels. These results suggest that the inhibition of IMP dehydrogenase by RBV is of secondary importance to the inhibition of vRNA, replication by RBV and that the interaction of RBV-TP with the viral polymerase is the primary action of RBV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-88
Number of pages5
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

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IMP Dehydrogenase
Hantaan virus
Ribavirin
Viral RNA
Guanosine Triphosphate
Mycophenolic Acid
Guanosine
ribavirin 5'-triphosphate
Vero Cells

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Activity of ribavirin against Hantaan virus correlates with production of ribavirin-5′-triphosphate, not with inhibition of IMP dehydrogenase. / Sun, Yanjie; Chung, Dong Hoon; Chu, Yong Kyu; Jonsson, Colleen; Parker, William B.

In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, Vol. 51, No. 1, 01.01.2007, p. 84-88.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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