Acute alterations in the regulation of lipid metabolism after intravascular reexposure to a single bolus of homologous virus during influenza B infection in ferrets

Possible model of epiphenomena associated with influenza

E. S. Kang, M. S. Galloway, W. Bean, George Cook, G. Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Metabolic responses occurring 24 h following the secondary haematogenous dissemination of influenza B virus during convalescence from infection were examined in the ferret as a possible model for epiphenomena which can occur following infection with influenza. Among the major changes found were a further rise in the mean fasting serum free fatty acid (FFA) level to three times the control mean value and a 50% drop in the mean serum triglyceride (TG) concentration after the intravascular administration of a single bolus of virus compared to levels found in uninfected or convalescent animals. In adipose tissue, hormone-sensitive and lipoprotein lipase activities were increased six and three-fold, respectively, over mean control values, probably accounting for the changes that were observed in serum lipid concentrations. In the liver, total carnitine palmitoyl transferase (CPT) activity was affected only slightly and the total lipid content of the liver remained unchanged. These findings indicate that 24 h after the intravascular dissemination of homologous virus in a single bolus during convalescence from influenza B infection, major distortions in the regulation of lipid metabolism occur in the ferret. Loss of the synchronous regulation of the two adipose tissue lipases is a significant consequence leading to the mobilization of a large amount of FFA during fasting from both adipose tissue and the circulating plasma TG stores.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-327
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Experimental Pathology
Volume72
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

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Influenza B virus
Ferrets
Lipid Metabolism
Human Influenza
Adipose Tissue
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Fasting
Triglycerides
Infection
Serum
Viruses
Sterol Esterase
Lipids
Carnitine
Lipoprotein Lipase
Liver
Transferases
Lipase

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Acute alterations in the regulation of lipid metabolism after intravascular reexposure to a single bolus of homologous virus during influenza B infection in ferrets: Possible model of epiphenomena associated with influenza",
abstract = "Metabolic responses occurring 24 h following the secondary haematogenous dissemination of influenza B virus during convalescence from infection were examined in the ferret as a possible model for epiphenomena which can occur following infection with influenza. Among the major changes found were a further rise in the mean fasting serum free fatty acid (FFA) level to three times the control mean value and a 50{\%} drop in the mean serum triglyceride (TG) concentration after the intravascular administration of a single bolus of virus compared to levels found in uninfected or convalescent animals. In adipose tissue, hormone-sensitive and lipoprotein lipase activities were increased six and three-fold, respectively, over mean control values, probably accounting for the changes that were observed in serum lipid concentrations. In the liver, total carnitine palmitoyl transferase (CPT) activity was affected only slightly and the total lipid content of the liver remained unchanged. These findings indicate that 24 h after the intravascular dissemination of homologous virus in a single bolus during convalescence from influenza B infection, major distortions in the regulation of lipid metabolism occur in the ferret. Loss of the synchronous regulation of the two adipose tissue lipases is a significant consequence leading to the mobilization of a large amount of FFA during fasting from both adipose tissue and the circulating plasma TG stores.",
author = "Kang, {E. S.} and Galloway, {M. S.} and W. Bean and George Cook and G. Olson",
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T1 - Acute alterations in the regulation of lipid metabolism after intravascular reexposure to a single bolus of homologous virus during influenza B infection in ferrets

T2 - Possible model of epiphenomena associated with influenza

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AU - Galloway, M. S.

AU - Bean, W.

AU - Cook, George

AU - Olson, G.

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N2 - Metabolic responses occurring 24 h following the secondary haematogenous dissemination of influenza B virus during convalescence from infection were examined in the ferret as a possible model for epiphenomena which can occur following infection with influenza. Among the major changes found were a further rise in the mean fasting serum free fatty acid (FFA) level to three times the control mean value and a 50% drop in the mean serum triglyceride (TG) concentration after the intravascular administration of a single bolus of virus compared to levels found in uninfected or convalescent animals. In adipose tissue, hormone-sensitive and lipoprotein lipase activities were increased six and three-fold, respectively, over mean control values, probably accounting for the changes that were observed in serum lipid concentrations. In the liver, total carnitine palmitoyl transferase (CPT) activity was affected only slightly and the total lipid content of the liver remained unchanged. These findings indicate that 24 h after the intravascular dissemination of homologous virus in a single bolus during convalescence from influenza B infection, major distortions in the regulation of lipid metabolism occur in the ferret. Loss of the synchronous regulation of the two adipose tissue lipases is a significant consequence leading to the mobilization of a large amount of FFA during fasting from both adipose tissue and the circulating plasma TG stores.

AB - Metabolic responses occurring 24 h following the secondary haematogenous dissemination of influenza B virus during convalescence from infection were examined in the ferret as a possible model for epiphenomena which can occur following infection with influenza. Among the major changes found were a further rise in the mean fasting serum free fatty acid (FFA) level to three times the control mean value and a 50% drop in the mean serum triglyceride (TG) concentration after the intravascular administration of a single bolus of virus compared to levels found in uninfected or convalescent animals. In adipose tissue, hormone-sensitive and lipoprotein lipase activities were increased six and three-fold, respectively, over mean control values, probably accounting for the changes that were observed in serum lipid concentrations. In the liver, total carnitine palmitoyl transferase (CPT) activity was affected only slightly and the total lipid content of the liver remained unchanged. These findings indicate that 24 h after the intravascular dissemination of homologous virus in a single bolus during convalescence from influenza B infection, major distortions in the regulation of lipid metabolism occur in the ferret. Loss of the synchronous regulation of the two adipose tissue lipases is a significant consequence leading to the mobilization of a large amount of FFA during fasting from both adipose tissue and the circulating plasma TG stores.

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