Adaptations of myonuclei to hypertrophy in patagialis muscle fibers from aged quail

John Lee, Stephen Alway

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hypertrophic responses to stretch are attenuated in slow-tonic muscles from old quail, relative to young birds. It is not known if the age-associated differences would be similar in fast-twitch muscles after stretch. This study compared the effect of 30 days of stretch overload on slow β fibers and fast-α fibers in patagialis (PAT) muscles from young adult (YA) quail aged 12 weeks, old adult (OA) quail aged 52 weeks and the oldest (OO) quail, aged 90 weeks. The PAT muscle was stretched for 7, 14, 21, or 30 days by a sleeve that was attached to one wing. Birds received a subcutaneously implanted 5'-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) pellet that provided a constant release of 0.22 mg BrdU/g body wt/day to label nuclei that had undergone DNA synthesis during stretch. Fiber cross-sectional area (CSA) was determined by planimetry from slow β and fast-α fibers after identification by myosin ATPase. Harris hematoxylin was used to identify muscle nuclei. Muscle mass increased by 44.1 ± 3.1, 32.6 ± 3.9 and 25.7 ± 4.3% in YA, OA and OO birds, respectively, Slow-β fiber hypertrophy was observed at day 7 of stretch in all birds; however, YA birds had greater hypertrophy than the older birds. Fast-α fibers were unaffected by stretch. No significant difference was observed between PAT muscles from OA and OO birds. Total fiber number was not significantly elevated in the PAT muscle from any age group after 30 days of stretch. Activated satellite cells were not detected in stretched muscles of either young or old birds. This suggests that the increase in mean slow-β fiber CSA was potentiated by existing myonuclei rather than by recruiting additional nuclei.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-197
Number of pages13
JournalMechanisms of Ageing and Development
Volume88
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 17 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Quail
Hypertrophy
Birds
Muscles
Young Adult
Deoxyuridine
Bromodeoxyuridine
Hematoxylin
Myosins
Age Groups
DNA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aging
  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

Adaptations of myonuclei to hypertrophy in patagialis muscle fibers from aged quail. / Lee, John; Alway, Stephen.

In: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, Vol. 88, No. 3, 17.07.1996, p. 185-197.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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