Admission Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio as a Prognostic Biomarker of Outcomes in Large Vessel Occlusion Strokes

Nitin Goyal, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Jason J. Chang, Konark Malhotra, Abhi Pandhi, Muhammad F. Ishfaq, Diana Alsbrook, Adam Arthur, Lucas Elijovich, Andrei Alexandrov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and Purpose- The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) at admission with safety and efficacy outcomes in acute stroke patients with large vessel occlusion after mechanical thrombectomy. Methods- Consecutive large vessel occlusion patients treated with mechanical thrombectomy during a 4-year period were evaluated. Outcome measures included symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, 3-month mortality, successful reperfusion (modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction score of 2b/3), and 3-month functional independence (modified Rankin Scale scores of 0-2). Results- A total of 293 large vessel occlusion patients underwent mechanical thrombectomy (median admission NLR, 3.5; interquartile range [IQR], 1.7-6.8). In initial univariable analyses, higher median admission NLR values were documented in patients with symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (8.5; IQR, 4.7-11.3) versus (3.9; IQR, 1.9-6.5); P<0.001 and individuals who were dead at 3-months (5.4; IQR, 2.8-9.6) versus (4.0; IQR, 1.8-6.4); P=0.004. Lower NLR values were recorded in patients with 3-month functional independence (3.7; IQR, 1.7-6.5) versus (4.3; IQR, 2.6-8.3); P=0.039. After adjustment for potential confounders, a 1-point increase in NLR was independently associated with higher odds of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (odds ratio, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.03-1.20; P=0.006) and 3-month mortality (odds ratio, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.01-1.16; P=0.014). Conclusions- Higher admission NLR is an independent predictor of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and 3-month mortality in large vessel occlusion patients treated with mechanical thrombectomy, and it may identify a target group for testing adjunctive anti-inflammatory therapies.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages1985-1987
Number of pages3
JournalStroke
Volume49
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

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Thrombectomy
Neutrophils
Intracranial Hemorrhages
Biomarkers
Stroke
Lymphocytes
Mortality
Odds Ratio
Cerebral Infarction
Reperfusion
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Safety
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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Admission Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio as a Prognostic Biomarker of Outcomes in Large Vessel Occlusion Strokes. / Goyal, Nitin; Tsivgoulis, Georgios; Chang, Jason J.; Malhotra, Konark; Pandhi, Abhi; Ishfaq, Muhammad F.; Alsbrook, Diana; Arthur, Adam; Elijovich, Lucas; Alexandrov, Andrei.

In: Stroke, Vol. 49, No. 8, 01.08.2018, p. 1985-1987.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Goyal, Nitin ; Tsivgoulis, Georgios ; Chang, Jason J. ; Malhotra, Konark ; Pandhi, Abhi ; Ishfaq, Muhammad F. ; Alsbrook, Diana ; Arthur, Adam ; Elijovich, Lucas ; Alexandrov, Andrei. / Admission Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio as a Prognostic Biomarker of Outcomes in Large Vessel Occlusion Strokes. In: Stroke. 2018 ; Vol. 49, No. 8. pp. 1985-1987.
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abstract = "Background and Purpose- The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) at admission with safety and efficacy outcomes in acute stroke patients with large vessel occlusion after mechanical thrombectomy. Methods- Consecutive large vessel occlusion patients treated with mechanical thrombectomy during a 4-year period were evaluated. Outcome measures included symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, 3-month mortality, successful reperfusion (modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction score of 2b/3), and 3-month functional independence (modified Rankin Scale scores of 0-2). Results- A total of 293 large vessel occlusion patients underwent mechanical thrombectomy (median admission NLR, 3.5; interquartile range [IQR], 1.7-6.8). In initial univariable analyses, higher median admission NLR values were documented in patients with symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (8.5; IQR, 4.7-11.3) versus (3.9; IQR, 1.9-6.5); P<0.001 and individuals who were dead at 3-months (5.4; IQR, 2.8-9.6) versus (4.0; IQR, 1.8-6.4); P=0.004. Lower NLR values were recorded in patients with 3-month functional independence (3.7; IQR, 1.7-6.5) versus (4.3; IQR, 2.6-8.3); P=0.039. After adjustment for potential confounders, a 1-point increase in NLR was independently associated with higher odds of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (odds ratio, 1.11; 95{\%} CI, 1.03-1.20; P=0.006) and 3-month mortality (odds ratio, 1.08; 95{\%} CI, 1.01-1.16; P=0.014). Conclusions- Higher admission NLR is an independent predictor of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and 3-month mortality in large vessel occlusion patients treated with mechanical thrombectomy, and it may identify a target group for testing adjunctive anti-inflammatory therapies.",
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AU - Tsivgoulis, Georgios

AU - Chang, Jason J.

AU - Malhotra, Konark

AU - Pandhi, Abhi

AU - Ishfaq, Muhammad F.

AU - Alsbrook, Diana

AU - Arthur, Adam

AU - Elijovich, Lucas

AU - Alexandrov, Andrei

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N2 - Background and Purpose- The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) at admission with safety and efficacy outcomes in acute stroke patients with large vessel occlusion after mechanical thrombectomy. Methods- Consecutive large vessel occlusion patients treated with mechanical thrombectomy during a 4-year period were evaluated. Outcome measures included symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, 3-month mortality, successful reperfusion (modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction score of 2b/3), and 3-month functional independence (modified Rankin Scale scores of 0-2). Results- A total of 293 large vessel occlusion patients underwent mechanical thrombectomy (median admission NLR, 3.5; interquartile range [IQR], 1.7-6.8). In initial univariable analyses, higher median admission NLR values were documented in patients with symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (8.5; IQR, 4.7-11.3) versus (3.9; IQR, 1.9-6.5); P<0.001 and individuals who were dead at 3-months (5.4; IQR, 2.8-9.6) versus (4.0; IQR, 1.8-6.4); P=0.004. Lower NLR values were recorded in patients with 3-month functional independence (3.7; IQR, 1.7-6.5) versus (4.3; IQR, 2.6-8.3); P=0.039. After adjustment for potential confounders, a 1-point increase in NLR was independently associated with higher odds of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (odds ratio, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.03-1.20; P=0.006) and 3-month mortality (odds ratio, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.01-1.16; P=0.014). Conclusions- Higher admission NLR is an independent predictor of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and 3-month mortality in large vessel occlusion patients treated with mechanical thrombectomy, and it may identify a target group for testing adjunctive anti-inflammatory therapies.

AB - Background and Purpose- The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) at admission with safety and efficacy outcomes in acute stroke patients with large vessel occlusion after mechanical thrombectomy. Methods- Consecutive large vessel occlusion patients treated with mechanical thrombectomy during a 4-year period were evaluated. Outcome measures included symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, 3-month mortality, successful reperfusion (modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction score of 2b/3), and 3-month functional independence (modified Rankin Scale scores of 0-2). Results- A total of 293 large vessel occlusion patients underwent mechanical thrombectomy (median admission NLR, 3.5; interquartile range [IQR], 1.7-6.8). In initial univariable analyses, higher median admission NLR values were documented in patients with symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (8.5; IQR, 4.7-11.3) versus (3.9; IQR, 1.9-6.5); P<0.001 and individuals who were dead at 3-months (5.4; IQR, 2.8-9.6) versus (4.0; IQR, 1.8-6.4); P=0.004. Lower NLR values were recorded in patients with 3-month functional independence (3.7; IQR, 1.7-6.5) versus (4.3; IQR, 2.6-8.3); P=0.039. After adjustment for potential confounders, a 1-point increase in NLR was independently associated with higher odds of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (odds ratio, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.03-1.20; P=0.006) and 3-month mortality (odds ratio, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.01-1.16; P=0.014). Conclusions- Higher admission NLR is an independent predictor of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and 3-month mortality in large vessel occlusion patients treated with mechanical thrombectomy, and it may identify a target group for testing adjunctive anti-inflammatory therapies.

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