Aldosteronism and a proinflammatory vascular phenotype

Role of Mg 2+, Ca2+, and H2O2 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells

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Abstract

Background - Chronic, inappropriate (relative to dietary Na+) elevations in circulating aldosterone, such as occur in congestive heart failure, are accompanied by a proinflammatory vascular phenotype involving the coronary and systemic vasculature. An immunostimulatory state with activated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) precedes this phenotype and is induced by a fall in cytosolic free [Mg2+], and subsequent Ca 2+ loading of these cells and transduced by oxidative/nitrosative stress. Methods and Results - We sought to further validate this hypothesis in rats with aldosterone/1%NaCl treatment (ALDOST) by using several interventions as cotreatment: a Mg2+-supplemented diet; amlodipine, a CCB; and N-acetylcysteine, an antioxidant. Blood samples were obtained at weeks 1 to 4 of ALDOST to monitor [Mg2+]i, [Ca2+]1, and H2O2 production in PBMCs. Coronal ventricular sections were examined for invading inflammatory cells and 3-nitrotyrosine labeling, a marker of oxidative/nitrosative stress. In response to ALDOST and compared with untreated controls, we found an early and persistent reduction in [Mg2+]1 with a subsequent rise in [Ca2+] i and H2O2 production, each of which was either attenuated or abrogated by the Mg2+-supplemented diet and by N-acetylcysteine, whereas amlodipine prevented Ca2+ loading and an altered redox state. Cotreatment with these interventions either markedly attenuated or prevented the appearance of the proinflammatory coronary vascular phenotype and the presence of 3-nitrotyrosine in invading inflammatory cells. Conclusions - We suggest that the immunostimulatory state that appears during aldosteronism and leads to a proinflammatory coronary vascular phenotype is induced by a fall in [Mg2+]i with Ca2+ loading of PBMCs and is transduced by H2O2 production in these cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-57
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation
Volume111
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 4 2005

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Hyperaldosteronism
Aldosterone
Blood Vessels
Blood Cells
Phenotype
Amlodipine
Acetylcysteine
Oxidative Stress
Diet
Oxidation-Reduction
Heart Failure
Antioxidants
3-nitrotyrosine

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Aldosteronism and a proinflammatory vascular phenotype: Role of Mg 2+, Ca2+, and H2O2 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells",
abstract = "Background - Chronic, inappropriate (relative to dietary Na+) elevations in circulating aldosterone, such as occur in congestive heart failure, are accompanied by a proinflammatory vascular phenotype involving the coronary and systemic vasculature. An immunostimulatory state with activated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) precedes this phenotype and is induced by a fall in cytosolic free [Mg2+], and subsequent Ca 2+ loading of these cells and transduced by oxidative/nitrosative stress. Methods and Results - We sought to further validate this hypothesis in rats with aldosterone/1{\%}NaCl treatment (ALDOST) by using several interventions as cotreatment: a Mg2+-supplemented diet; amlodipine, a CCB; and N-acetylcysteine, an antioxidant. Blood samples were obtained at weeks 1 to 4 of ALDOST to monitor [Mg2+]i, [Ca2+]1, and H2O2 production in PBMCs. Coronal ventricular sections were examined for invading inflammatory cells and 3-nitrotyrosine labeling, a marker of oxidative/nitrosative stress. In response to ALDOST and compared with untreated controls, we found an early and persistent reduction in [Mg2+]1 with a subsequent rise in [Ca2+] i and H2O2 production, each of which was either attenuated or abrogated by the Mg2+-supplemented diet and by N-acetylcysteine, whereas amlodipine prevented Ca2+ loading and an altered redox state. Cotreatment with these interventions either markedly attenuated or prevented the appearance of the proinflammatory coronary vascular phenotype and the presence of 3-nitrotyrosine in invading inflammatory cells. Conclusions - We suggest that the immunostimulatory state that appears during aldosteronism and leads to a proinflammatory coronary vascular phenotype is induced by a fall in [Mg2+]i with Ca2+ loading of PBMCs and is transduced by H2O2 production in these cells.",
author = "Ahokas, {Robert A.} and Yao Sun and Syamal Bhattacharya and Ivan Gerling and Karl Weber",
year = "2005",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Aldosteronism and a proinflammatory vascular phenotype

T2 - Role of Mg 2+, Ca2+, and H2O2 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells

AU - Ahokas, Robert A.

AU - Sun, Yao

AU - Bhattacharya, Syamal

AU - Gerling, Ivan

AU - Weber, Karl

PY - 2005/1/4

Y1 - 2005/1/4

N2 - Background - Chronic, inappropriate (relative to dietary Na+) elevations in circulating aldosterone, such as occur in congestive heart failure, are accompanied by a proinflammatory vascular phenotype involving the coronary and systemic vasculature. An immunostimulatory state with activated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) precedes this phenotype and is induced by a fall in cytosolic free [Mg2+], and subsequent Ca 2+ loading of these cells and transduced by oxidative/nitrosative stress. Methods and Results - We sought to further validate this hypothesis in rats with aldosterone/1%NaCl treatment (ALDOST) by using several interventions as cotreatment: a Mg2+-supplemented diet; amlodipine, a CCB; and N-acetylcysteine, an antioxidant. Blood samples were obtained at weeks 1 to 4 of ALDOST to monitor [Mg2+]i, [Ca2+]1, and H2O2 production in PBMCs. Coronal ventricular sections were examined for invading inflammatory cells and 3-nitrotyrosine labeling, a marker of oxidative/nitrosative stress. In response to ALDOST and compared with untreated controls, we found an early and persistent reduction in [Mg2+]1 with a subsequent rise in [Ca2+] i and H2O2 production, each of which was either attenuated or abrogated by the Mg2+-supplemented diet and by N-acetylcysteine, whereas amlodipine prevented Ca2+ loading and an altered redox state. Cotreatment with these interventions either markedly attenuated or prevented the appearance of the proinflammatory coronary vascular phenotype and the presence of 3-nitrotyrosine in invading inflammatory cells. Conclusions - We suggest that the immunostimulatory state that appears during aldosteronism and leads to a proinflammatory coronary vascular phenotype is induced by a fall in [Mg2+]i with Ca2+ loading of PBMCs and is transduced by H2O2 production in these cells.

AB - Background - Chronic, inappropriate (relative to dietary Na+) elevations in circulating aldosterone, such as occur in congestive heart failure, are accompanied by a proinflammatory vascular phenotype involving the coronary and systemic vasculature. An immunostimulatory state with activated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) precedes this phenotype and is induced by a fall in cytosolic free [Mg2+], and subsequent Ca 2+ loading of these cells and transduced by oxidative/nitrosative stress. Methods and Results - We sought to further validate this hypothesis in rats with aldosterone/1%NaCl treatment (ALDOST) by using several interventions as cotreatment: a Mg2+-supplemented diet; amlodipine, a CCB; and N-acetylcysteine, an antioxidant. Blood samples were obtained at weeks 1 to 4 of ALDOST to monitor [Mg2+]i, [Ca2+]1, and H2O2 production in PBMCs. Coronal ventricular sections were examined for invading inflammatory cells and 3-nitrotyrosine labeling, a marker of oxidative/nitrosative stress. In response to ALDOST and compared with untreated controls, we found an early and persistent reduction in [Mg2+]1 with a subsequent rise in [Ca2+] i and H2O2 production, each of which was either attenuated or abrogated by the Mg2+-supplemented diet and by N-acetylcysteine, whereas amlodipine prevented Ca2+ loading and an altered redox state. Cotreatment with these interventions either markedly attenuated or prevented the appearance of the proinflammatory coronary vascular phenotype and the presence of 3-nitrotyrosine in invading inflammatory cells. Conclusions - We suggest that the immunostimulatory state that appears during aldosteronism and leads to a proinflammatory coronary vascular phenotype is induced by a fall in [Mg2+]i with Ca2+ loading of PBMCs and is transduced by H2O2 production in these cells.

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U2 - 10.1161/01.CIR.0000151516.84238.37

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JF - Circulation

SN - 0009-7322

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