Anxiety, social support, and physical health in a sample of spouses of OEF/OIF service members

Jordan A. Fields, Linda Nichols, Jennifer Martindale-Adams, Jeffrey Zuber, Marshall Graney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The goal of this study was to examine the relationships between heightened anxiety, social support, and physical health in a sample of spouses of returning Iraq and Afghanistan service members. 86 spouses were recruited nationally as part of a pilot trial of a military spouse telephone support group. Participants completed measures of physical and mental health via telephone including a screening tool for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Scores for social support and health outcomes were compared across two groups (positive vs. negative screens for GAD) using one-way analysis of variance analysis procedures. Path analytic techniques were used to evaluate the relative effects of anxiety and perceived social support on overall health and physical health comorbidities. A total of 38 participants screened positive for GAD. Participants with probable GAD reported having less social support than those screening negative for GAD. GAD participants also reported poorer overall health and more physical health comorbidities than their GAD-negative counterparts. Path analysis indicated that heightened anxiety is associated with worse overall health and social support does not buffer this interaction. The results suggest that anxiety-related health is a critical factor to be addressed in spouses of service members.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1492-1497
Number of pages6
JournalMilitary medicine
Volume177
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

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Spouses
Social Support
Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety
Health
Telephone
Comorbidity
Analysis of Variance
Afghanistan
Iraq
Self-Help Groups
Mental Health
Buffers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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Anxiety, social support, and physical health in a sample of spouses of OEF/OIF service members. / Fields, Jordan A.; Nichols, Linda; Martindale-Adams, Jennifer; Zuber, Jeffrey; Graney, Marshall.

In: Military medicine, Vol. 177, No. 12, 01.12.2012, p. 1492-1497.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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