Appendicular fractures

A significant problem among institutionalized adults with developmental disabilities

K. M. Ryder, J. Williams, Catherine Womack, N. G. Nayak, S. Nasef, A. Bush, Frances Tylavsky, L. Carbone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A high incidence of nontraumatic fracture in adults with developmental disabilities living in a state-run facility was described. Risk factors for fracture, including bone mineral density (BMD), were investigated to determine whether people at highest risk for fracture could be prospectively identified. There was a 7.3% incidence of fracture among 391 adults. Risk factors were examined for 23 residents with fracture and 23 age-, race-, and gender-matched controls. There was a trend for antiepileptic medication usage to be associated with fractures. Estimated BMD by heel ultrasound did not predict fracture; however, values were much lower than those for the general population. Fractures and low BMD are significant problems among institutionalized adults with severe developmental disabilities. Further studies to identify therapies to prevent fractures are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)340-346+364
JournalAmerican Journal on Mental Retardation
Volume108
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2003

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Developmental Disabilities
Bone Density
disability
incidence
Heel
Incidence
Anticonvulsants
medication
resident
gender
trend
Population
Values
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Rehabilitation
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Health Professions(all)

Cite this

Appendicular fractures : A significant problem among institutionalized adults with developmental disabilities. / Ryder, K. M.; Williams, J.; Womack, Catherine; Nayak, N. G.; Nasef, S.; Bush, A.; Tylavsky, Frances; Carbone, L.

In: American Journal on Mental Retardation, Vol. 108, No. 5, 01.09.2003, p. 340-346+364.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ryder, K. M. ; Williams, J. ; Womack, Catherine ; Nayak, N. G. ; Nasef, S. ; Bush, A. ; Tylavsky, Frances ; Carbone, L. / Appendicular fractures : A significant problem among institutionalized adults with developmental disabilities. In: American Journal on Mental Retardation. 2003 ; Vol. 108, No. 5. pp. 340-346+364.
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