Association of energy intake with prostate cancer in a long-term aging study

Baltimore longitudinal study of aging (United States)

Lillian J. Hsieh, H. Ballentine Carter, Patricia K. Landis, Katherine L. Tucker, E. Metter, Craig J. Newschaffer, Elizabeth A. Platz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. To examine the association of total energy intake and macronutrient contributors to energy with prostate cancer risk among men in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Methods. In the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging cohort, 444 men completed at least one food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). At their earliest FFQ completion, men were 45 to 92 years old. The total number of prostate cancer cases (n = 68) consisted of men who were diagnosed with cancer before their FFQ completion (n = 46) and those who were diagnosed after their FFQ completion (n = 22). Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the odds ratio of prostate cancer and its 95% confidence interval. Results. Total energy intake was positively associated with prostate cancer. Compared with the lowest quintile of energy intake, the odds ratio for the highest quintile was 3.79 (95% confidence interval 1.52 to 9.48, P trend = 0.002). Energy-adjusted intakes of protein, fat, and carbohydrates were not statistically significantly associated with prostate cancer risk. Conclusions. This analysis, in which we used current energy intake as a surrogate for past prediagnostic intake, suggests a higher risk of prostate cancer with increased energy intake.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-301
Number of pages5
JournalUrology
Volume61
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Baltimore
Energy Intake
Longitudinal Studies
Prostatic Neoplasms
Food
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Logistic Models
Fats
Regression Analysis
Carbohydrates
Surveys and Questionnaires
Neoplasms
Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urology

Cite this

Association of energy intake with prostate cancer in a long-term aging study : Baltimore longitudinal study of aging (United States). / Hsieh, Lillian J.; Carter, H. Ballentine; Landis, Patricia K.; Tucker, Katherine L.; Metter, E.; Newschaffer, Craig J.; Platz, Elizabeth A.

In: Urology, Vol. 61, No. 2, 01.02.2003, p. 297-301.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hsieh, Lillian J. ; Carter, H. Ballentine ; Landis, Patricia K. ; Tucker, Katherine L. ; Metter, E. ; Newschaffer, Craig J. ; Platz, Elizabeth A. / Association of energy intake with prostate cancer in a long-term aging study : Baltimore longitudinal study of aging (United States). In: Urology. 2003 ; Vol. 61, No. 2. pp. 297-301.
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abstract = "Objectives. To examine the association of total energy intake and macronutrient contributors to energy with prostate cancer risk among men in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Methods. In the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging cohort, 444 men completed at least one food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). At their earliest FFQ completion, men were 45 to 92 years old. The total number of prostate cancer cases (n = 68) consisted of men who were diagnosed with cancer before their FFQ completion (n = 46) and those who were diagnosed after their FFQ completion (n = 22). Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the odds ratio of prostate cancer and its 95{\%} confidence interval. Results. Total energy intake was positively associated with prostate cancer. Compared with the lowest quintile of energy intake, the odds ratio for the highest quintile was 3.79 (95{\%} confidence interval 1.52 to 9.48, P trend = 0.002). Energy-adjusted intakes of protein, fat, and carbohydrates were not statistically significantly associated with prostate cancer risk. Conclusions. This analysis, in which we used current energy intake as a surrogate for past prediagnostic intake, suggests a higher risk of prostate cancer with increased energy intake.",
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