Awareness of prediabetes status and subsequent health behavior, body weight, and blood glucose levels

Ibiye Owei, Nkiru Umekwe, Fatoumatta Ceesay, Samuel Dagogo-Jack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Lifestyle intervention decreases diabetes risk in prediabetic subjects, but the impact of passive notification of prediabetes status on glycemia or health behavior is unclear. Methods: The Pathobiology of Prediabetes in a Biracial Cohort (POP-ABC) study followed normoglycemic African American (AA) and European American (EA) offspring of parents with type 2 diabetes mellitus for incident prediabetes. During 5.5 years of follow-up (mean, 2.62 years), 101 of 343 subjects developed prediabetes and were notified, without any interventions. Participants were recalled 18 months poststudy. Here, we compared data from participants with incident prediabetes or normoglycemia (control) during POP-ABC who underwent retesting 18-months poststudy. Results: There were 73 subjects (46 female, 27 male; 36 AA, 37 EA) in the prediabetes group and 73 subjects (48 female, 25 male; 35 AA, 38 EA) in the control group. The mean ( SEM) enrollment age was 48.7 0.96 years versus 48.3 1.06 years (P .37) and body mass index (BMI) was 31.1 0.70 kg/m 2 versus 29.2 0.69 kg/m 2 (P .04) for prediabetes versus control groups, respectively. The 18-month changes (prediabetes vs control) were the following: fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 8.01 1.11 vs 2.02 0.64 mg/dL; 2-hour plasma glucose (2hrPG), 8.21 3.34 vs 8.53 3.17 mg/dL; weight, 0.54 0.72 vs 2.77 1.25 kg; and waist circumference 1.07 0.78 vs 1.78 0.85 (P .03-<0.0001). The interval changes in FPG were significantly correlated with changes in weight and waist circumference (r 0.2, P .01). The prediabetes group reported improved dietary and exercise habits compared with control. Conclusion: Communication of prediabetes status is associated with improvements in glucose tolerance, glycemia, and adiposity, probably via self-directed lifestyle modification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-27
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Board of Family Medicine
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Prediabetic State
Health Behavior
Blood Glucose
Body Weight
African Americans
Glucose
Waist Circumference
Life Style
Fasting
Weights and Measures
Control Groups
Adiposity
Feeding Behavior
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Body Mass Index
Cohort Studies
Parents
Communication

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Family Practice

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Awareness of prediabetes status and subsequent health behavior, body weight, and blood glucose levels. / Owei, Ibiye; Umekwe, Nkiru; Ceesay, Fatoumatta; Dagogo-Jack, Samuel.

In: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, Vol. 32, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 20-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Lifestyle intervention decreases diabetes risk in prediabetic subjects, but the impact of passive notification of prediabetes status on glycemia or health behavior is unclear. Methods: The Pathobiology of Prediabetes in a Biracial Cohort (POP-ABC) study followed normoglycemic African American (AA) and European American (EA) offspring of parents with type 2 diabetes mellitus for incident prediabetes. During 5.5 years of follow-up (mean, 2.62 years), 101 of 343 subjects developed prediabetes and were notified, without any interventions. Participants were recalled 18 months poststudy. Here, we compared data from participants with incident prediabetes or normoglycemia (control) during POP-ABC who underwent retesting 18-months poststudy. Results: There were 73 subjects (46 female, 27 male; 36 AA, 37 EA) in the prediabetes group and 73 subjects (48 female, 25 male; 35 AA, 38 EA) in the control group. The mean ( SEM) enrollment age was 48.7 0.96 years versus 48.3 1.06 years (P .37) and body mass index (BMI) was 31.1 0.70 kg/m 2 versus 29.2 0.69 kg/m 2 (P .04) for prediabetes versus control groups, respectively. The 18-month changes (prediabetes vs control) were the following: fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 8.01 1.11 vs 2.02 0.64 mg/dL; 2-hour plasma glucose (2hrPG), 8.21 3.34 vs 8.53 3.17 mg/dL; weight, 0.54 0.72 vs 2.77 1.25 kg; and waist circumference 1.07 0.78 vs 1.78 0.85 (P .03-<0.0001). The interval changes in FPG were significantly correlated with changes in weight and waist circumference (r 0.2, P .01). The prediabetes group reported improved dietary and exercise habits compared with control. Conclusion: Communication of prediabetes status is associated with improvements in glucose tolerance, glycemia, and adiposity, probably via self-directed lifestyle modification.",
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N2 - Background: Lifestyle intervention decreases diabetes risk in prediabetic subjects, but the impact of passive notification of prediabetes status on glycemia or health behavior is unclear. Methods: The Pathobiology of Prediabetes in a Biracial Cohort (POP-ABC) study followed normoglycemic African American (AA) and European American (EA) offspring of parents with type 2 diabetes mellitus for incident prediabetes. During 5.5 years of follow-up (mean, 2.62 years), 101 of 343 subjects developed prediabetes and were notified, without any interventions. Participants were recalled 18 months poststudy. Here, we compared data from participants with incident prediabetes or normoglycemia (control) during POP-ABC who underwent retesting 18-months poststudy. Results: There were 73 subjects (46 female, 27 male; 36 AA, 37 EA) in the prediabetes group and 73 subjects (48 female, 25 male; 35 AA, 38 EA) in the control group. The mean ( SEM) enrollment age was 48.7 0.96 years versus 48.3 1.06 years (P .37) and body mass index (BMI) was 31.1 0.70 kg/m 2 versus 29.2 0.69 kg/m 2 (P .04) for prediabetes versus control groups, respectively. The 18-month changes (prediabetes vs control) were the following: fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 8.01 1.11 vs 2.02 0.64 mg/dL; 2-hour plasma glucose (2hrPG), 8.21 3.34 vs 8.53 3.17 mg/dL; weight, 0.54 0.72 vs 2.77 1.25 kg; and waist circumference 1.07 0.78 vs 1.78 0.85 (P .03-<0.0001). The interval changes in FPG were significantly correlated with changes in weight and waist circumference (r 0.2, P .01). The prediabetes group reported improved dietary and exercise habits compared with control. Conclusion: Communication of prediabetes status is associated with improvements in glucose tolerance, glycemia, and adiposity, probably via self-directed lifestyle modification.

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