Binge eating and weight loss outcomes in overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes

Results from the look AHEAD trial

Amy A. Gorin, Heather M. Niemeier, Patricia Hogan, Mathilda Coday, Cralen Davis, Vicki G. DiLillo, Marci E. Gluck, Thomas A. Wadden, Delia S. West, Donald Williamson, Susan Z. Yanovski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Context: Binge eating (BE) is common in overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus, but little is known about how BE affects weight loss in this population. Objective: To determine whether BE was related to 1-year weight losses in overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes participating in an ongoing clinical trial. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) trial is a randomized controlled trial examining the long-term effect of intentional weight loss on cardiovascular disease in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes. A total of 5145 overweight and obese individuals aged 45 to 76 years with type 2 diabetes participated in this study. Interventions: Participants were randomly assigned to an intensive lifestyle intervention or to enhanced usual care (a diabetes support and education control condition). Main Outcome Measures: At baseline and 1 year, participants had their weight measured and completed a fitness test and self-report measures of BE and dietary intake. Four groups were created based on BE status at baseline and 1 year (yes/yes, no/no, yes/no, and no/yes). Analyses controlled for baseline differences between binge eaters and non-binge eaters. Results: Most individuals (85.4%) did not report BE at baseline or 1 year (no/no), 7.5% reported BE only at baseline (yes/no), 3.7% reported BE at both times (yes/yes), and 3.4% reported BE only at 1 year (no/yes), with no differences between intensive lifestyle intervention and diabetes support and education conditions (P=.14). Across intensive lifestyle intervention and diabetes support and education, greater weight losses were observed in participants who stopped BE at 1 year (mean [SE] weight loss, 5.3 [0.4] kg) and those who reported no BE at either time (mean [SE] weight loss, 4.8 [0.1] kg) than in those who continued BE (mean [SE] weight loss, 3.1 [0.6] kg) and those who began BE at 1 year (mean [SE] weight loss, 3.0 [0.6] kg) (P<.001). Post hoc analyses suggested that these differences were due to changes in caloric intake. Conclusion: Overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes who stop BE appear to be just as successful at weight loss as non-binge eaters after 1 year of treatment. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00017953.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1447-1455
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of General Psychiatry
Volume65
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

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Bulimia
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Weight Loss
Health
Life Style
Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes
Education
Energy Intake
Self Report

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Binge eating and weight loss outcomes in overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes : Results from the look AHEAD trial. / Gorin, Amy A.; Niemeier, Heather M.; Hogan, Patricia; Coday, Mathilda; Davis, Cralen; DiLillo, Vicki G.; Gluck, Marci E.; Wadden, Thomas A.; West, Delia S.; Williamson, Donald; Yanovski, Susan Z.

In: Archives of General Psychiatry, Vol. 65, No. 12, 01.12.2008, p. 1447-1455.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gorin, AA, Niemeier, HM, Hogan, P, Coday, M, Davis, C, DiLillo, VG, Gluck, ME, Wadden, TA, West, DS, Williamson, D & Yanovski, SZ 2008, 'Binge eating and weight loss outcomes in overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes: Results from the look AHEAD trial', Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 65, no. 12, pp. 1447-1455. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.65.12.1447
Gorin, Amy A. ; Niemeier, Heather M. ; Hogan, Patricia ; Coday, Mathilda ; Davis, Cralen ; DiLillo, Vicki G. ; Gluck, Marci E. ; Wadden, Thomas A. ; West, Delia S. ; Williamson, Donald ; Yanovski, Susan Z. / Binge eating and weight loss outcomes in overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes : Results from the look AHEAD trial. In: Archives of General Psychiatry. 2008 ; Vol. 65, No. 12. pp. 1447-1455.
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abstract = "Context: Binge eating (BE) is common in overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus, but little is known about how BE affects weight loss in this population. Objective: To determine whether BE was related to 1-year weight losses in overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes participating in an ongoing clinical trial. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) trial is a randomized controlled trial examining the long-term effect of intentional weight loss on cardiovascular disease in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes. A total of 5145 overweight and obese individuals aged 45 to 76 years with type 2 diabetes participated in this study. Interventions: Participants were randomly assigned to an intensive lifestyle intervention or to enhanced usual care (a diabetes support and education control condition). Main Outcome Measures: At baseline and 1 year, participants had their weight measured and completed a fitness test and self-report measures of BE and dietary intake. Four groups were created based on BE status at baseline and 1 year (yes/yes, no/no, yes/no, and no/yes). Analyses controlled for baseline differences between binge eaters and non-binge eaters. Results: Most individuals (85.4{\%}) did not report BE at baseline or 1 year (no/no), 7.5{\%} reported BE only at baseline (yes/no), 3.7{\%} reported BE at both times (yes/yes), and 3.4{\%} reported BE only at 1 year (no/yes), with no differences between intensive lifestyle intervention and diabetes support and education conditions (P=.14). Across intensive lifestyle intervention and diabetes support and education, greater weight losses were observed in participants who stopped BE at 1 year (mean [SE] weight loss, 5.3 [0.4] kg) and those who reported no BE at either time (mean [SE] weight loss, 4.8 [0.1] kg) than in those who continued BE (mean [SE] weight loss, 3.1 [0.6] kg) and those who began BE at 1 year (mean [SE] weight loss, 3.0 [0.6] kg) (P<.001). Post hoc analyses suggested that these differences were due to changes in caloric intake. Conclusion: Overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes who stop BE appear to be just as successful at weight loss as non-binge eaters after 1 year of treatment. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00017953.",
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AU - Hogan, Patricia

AU - Coday, Mathilda

AU - Davis, Cralen

AU - DiLillo, Vicki G.

AU - Gluck, Marci E.

AU - Wadden, Thomas A.

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AU - Williamson, Donald

AU - Yanovski, Susan Z.

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N2 - Context: Binge eating (BE) is common in overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus, but little is known about how BE affects weight loss in this population. Objective: To determine whether BE was related to 1-year weight losses in overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes participating in an ongoing clinical trial. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) trial is a randomized controlled trial examining the long-term effect of intentional weight loss on cardiovascular disease in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes. A total of 5145 overweight and obese individuals aged 45 to 76 years with type 2 diabetes participated in this study. Interventions: Participants were randomly assigned to an intensive lifestyle intervention or to enhanced usual care (a diabetes support and education control condition). Main Outcome Measures: At baseline and 1 year, participants had their weight measured and completed a fitness test and self-report measures of BE and dietary intake. Four groups were created based on BE status at baseline and 1 year (yes/yes, no/no, yes/no, and no/yes). Analyses controlled for baseline differences between binge eaters and non-binge eaters. Results: Most individuals (85.4%) did not report BE at baseline or 1 year (no/no), 7.5% reported BE only at baseline (yes/no), 3.7% reported BE at both times (yes/yes), and 3.4% reported BE only at 1 year (no/yes), with no differences between intensive lifestyle intervention and diabetes support and education conditions (P=.14). Across intensive lifestyle intervention and diabetes support and education, greater weight losses were observed in participants who stopped BE at 1 year (mean [SE] weight loss, 5.3 [0.4] kg) and those who reported no BE at either time (mean [SE] weight loss, 4.8 [0.1] kg) than in those who continued BE (mean [SE] weight loss, 3.1 [0.6] kg) and those who began BE at 1 year (mean [SE] weight loss, 3.0 [0.6] kg) (P<.001). Post hoc analyses suggested that these differences were due to changes in caloric intake. Conclusion: Overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes who stop BE appear to be just as successful at weight loss as non-binge eaters after 1 year of treatment. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00017953.

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