Blunt aortic injury with concomitant intra-abdominal solid organ injury

Treatment priorities revisited

John M. Santaniello, Preston R. Miller, Martin Croce, Laura Bruce, Tiffany K. Bee, Ajai K. Malhotra, Timothy C. Fabian, Kenneth L. Mattox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Patients with blunt aortic injury (BAI) often have concomitant liver or spleen (L/S) injuries. With increasing use of cardiopulmonary bypass with heparinization in repair of BAI, many advocate operative management of the L/S injury before aortic repair to eliminate risk of hemorrhage. We evaluated the safety of nonoperative management (NOM) of blunt L/S injuries in patients undergoing acute BAI repair with bypass. Methods: All patients admitted over a 6-year period with BAI were identified from the registry of our Level I trauma center. Patients with isolated L/S injuries without BAI admitted over the same period served as controls. Groups were compared with regard to demographics, injury characteristics, hospital course, and mortality. Results: Eighty-four patients were diagnosed with BAI from 1994 to 2000; 28 (33%) also had blunt abdominal trauma. Three patients with severe brain injury did not undergo BAI repair, and five required laparotomy before BAI repair for other intra-abdominal injuries (two for hemodynamic instability with splenic injury, and three for concomitant bowel injury). Therefore, 20 of 28 (71.4%) BAI patients with grade I or II L/S injury (Aorta L/S group) underwent planned NOM. All BAIs were repaired using partial bypass with full heparinization. These 20 patients are compared with 894 patients with grade I or II L/S injuries with no BAI (L/S group) over the same time period. There was no difference in the nonoperative failure rate of the Aorta L/S group versus the L/S group (0% vs. 1.7%). Both groups had similar complication rates. The Aorta L/S group was also compared with 56 BAIs without solid organ injury (Aorta group). Although the Aorta L/S group was more severely injured than the Aorta group (Injury Severity Score of 35.3 vs. 26.8, p < 0.0001), transfusion rates (5.7 U of packed red blood cells vs. 8.0 U of packed red blood cells, p = NS), hospital days (17.9 vs. 19.1, p = NS) and mortality (10% vs. 9%, p = NS) were similar. Conclusion: NOM of patients with grade I or II L/S injury who undergo systemic anticoagulation with heparin for repair of BAI is safe and associated with transfusion rates similar to BAI alone. Patients with low-grade liver or spleen injuries do not require laparotomy before BAI repair using partial bypass.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)442-445
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Nonpenetrating Wounds
Spleen
Liver
Wounds and Injuries
Aorta
Therapeutics
Laparotomy
Erythrocytes
Safety Management
Abdominal Injuries
Injury Severity Score
Trauma Centers
Hospital Mortality
Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Brain Injuries
Registries
Heparin

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Blunt aortic injury with concomitant intra-abdominal solid organ injury : Treatment priorities revisited. / Santaniello, John M.; Miller, Preston R.; Croce, Martin; Bruce, Laura; Bee, Tiffany K.; Malhotra, Ajai K.; Fabian, Timothy C.; Mattox, Kenneth L.

In: Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care, Vol. 53, No. 3, 01.01.2002, p. 442-445.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Santaniello, John M. ; Miller, Preston R. ; Croce, Martin ; Bruce, Laura ; Bee, Tiffany K. ; Malhotra, Ajai K. ; Fabian, Timothy C. ; Mattox, Kenneth L. / Blunt aortic injury with concomitant intra-abdominal solid organ injury : Treatment priorities revisited. In: Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care. 2002 ; Vol. 53, No. 3. pp. 442-445.
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abstract = "Background: Patients with blunt aortic injury (BAI) often have concomitant liver or spleen (L/S) injuries. With increasing use of cardiopulmonary bypass with heparinization in repair of BAI, many advocate operative management of the L/S injury before aortic repair to eliminate risk of hemorrhage. We evaluated the safety of nonoperative management (NOM) of blunt L/S injuries in patients undergoing acute BAI repair with bypass. Methods: All patients admitted over a 6-year period with BAI were identified from the registry of our Level I trauma center. Patients with isolated L/S injuries without BAI admitted over the same period served as controls. Groups were compared with regard to demographics, injury characteristics, hospital course, and mortality. Results: Eighty-four patients were diagnosed with BAI from 1994 to 2000; 28 (33{\%}) also had blunt abdominal trauma. Three patients with severe brain injury did not undergo BAI repair, and five required laparotomy before BAI repair for other intra-abdominal injuries (two for hemodynamic instability with splenic injury, and three for concomitant bowel injury). Therefore, 20 of 28 (71.4{\%}) BAI patients with grade I or II L/S injury (Aorta L/S group) underwent planned NOM. All BAIs were repaired using partial bypass with full heparinization. These 20 patients are compared with 894 patients with grade I or II L/S injuries with no BAI (L/S group) over the same time period. There was no difference in the nonoperative failure rate of the Aorta L/S group versus the L/S group (0{\%} vs. 1.7{\%}). Both groups had similar complication rates. The Aorta L/S group was also compared with 56 BAIs without solid organ injury (Aorta group). Although the Aorta L/S group was more severely injured than the Aorta group (Injury Severity Score of 35.3 vs. 26.8, p < 0.0001), transfusion rates (5.7 U of packed red blood cells vs. 8.0 U of packed red blood cells, p = NS), hospital days (17.9 vs. 19.1, p = NS) and mortality (10{\%} vs. 9{\%}, p = NS) were similar. Conclusion: NOM of patients with grade I or II L/S injury who undergo systemic anticoagulation with heparin for repair of BAI is safe and associated with transfusion rates similar to BAI alone. Patients with low-grade liver or spleen injuries do not require laparotomy before BAI repair using partial bypass.",
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T2 - Treatment priorities revisited

AU - Santaniello, John M.

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AU - Croce, Martin

AU - Bruce, Laura

AU - Bee, Tiffany K.

AU - Malhotra, Ajai K.

AU - Fabian, Timothy C.

AU - Mattox, Kenneth L.

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N2 - Background: Patients with blunt aortic injury (BAI) often have concomitant liver or spleen (L/S) injuries. With increasing use of cardiopulmonary bypass with heparinization in repair of BAI, many advocate operative management of the L/S injury before aortic repair to eliminate risk of hemorrhage. We evaluated the safety of nonoperative management (NOM) of blunt L/S injuries in patients undergoing acute BAI repair with bypass. Methods: All patients admitted over a 6-year period with BAI were identified from the registry of our Level I trauma center. Patients with isolated L/S injuries without BAI admitted over the same period served as controls. Groups were compared with regard to demographics, injury characteristics, hospital course, and mortality. Results: Eighty-four patients were diagnosed with BAI from 1994 to 2000; 28 (33%) also had blunt abdominal trauma. Three patients with severe brain injury did not undergo BAI repair, and five required laparotomy before BAI repair for other intra-abdominal injuries (two for hemodynamic instability with splenic injury, and three for concomitant bowel injury). Therefore, 20 of 28 (71.4%) BAI patients with grade I or II L/S injury (Aorta L/S group) underwent planned NOM. All BAIs were repaired using partial bypass with full heparinization. These 20 patients are compared with 894 patients with grade I or II L/S injuries with no BAI (L/S group) over the same time period. There was no difference in the nonoperative failure rate of the Aorta L/S group versus the L/S group (0% vs. 1.7%). Both groups had similar complication rates. The Aorta L/S group was also compared with 56 BAIs without solid organ injury (Aorta group). Although the Aorta L/S group was more severely injured than the Aorta group (Injury Severity Score of 35.3 vs. 26.8, p < 0.0001), transfusion rates (5.7 U of packed red blood cells vs. 8.0 U of packed red blood cells, p = NS), hospital days (17.9 vs. 19.1, p = NS) and mortality (10% vs. 9%, p = NS) were similar. Conclusion: NOM of patients with grade I or II L/S injury who undergo systemic anticoagulation with heparin for repair of BAI is safe and associated with transfusion rates similar to BAI alone. Patients with low-grade liver or spleen injuries do not require laparotomy before BAI repair using partial bypass.

AB - Background: Patients with blunt aortic injury (BAI) often have concomitant liver or spleen (L/S) injuries. With increasing use of cardiopulmonary bypass with heparinization in repair of BAI, many advocate operative management of the L/S injury before aortic repair to eliminate risk of hemorrhage. We evaluated the safety of nonoperative management (NOM) of blunt L/S injuries in patients undergoing acute BAI repair with bypass. Methods: All patients admitted over a 6-year period with BAI were identified from the registry of our Level I trauma center. Patients with isolated L/S injuries without BAI admitted over the same period served as controls. Groups were compared with regard to demographics, injury characteristics, hospital course, and mortality. Results: Eighty-four patients were diagnosed with BAI from 1994 to 2000; 28 (33%) also had blunt abdominal trauma. Three patients with severe brain injury did not undergo BAI repair, and five required laparotomy before BAI repair for other intra-abdominal injuries (two for hemodynamic instability with splenic injury, and three for concomitant bowel injury). Therefore, 20 of 28 (71.4%) BAI patients with grade I or II L/S injury (Aorta L/S group) underwent planned NOM. All BAIs were repaired using partial bypass with full heparinization. These 20 patients are compared with 894 patients with grade I or II L/S injuries with no BAI (L/S group) over the same time period. There was no difference in the nonoperative failure rate of the Aorta L/S group versus the L/S group (0% vs. 1.7%). Both groups had similar complication rates. The Aorta L/S group was also compared with 56 BAIs without solid organ injury (Aorta group). Although the Aorta L/S group was more severely injured than the Aorta group (Injury Severity Score of 35.3 vs. 26.8, p < 0.0001), transfusion rates (5.7 U of packed red blood cells vs. 8.0 U of packed red blood cells, p = NS), hospital days (17.9 vs. 19.1, p = NS) and mortality (10% vs. 9%, p = NS) were similar. Conclusion: NOM of patients with grade I or II L/S injury who undergo systemic anticoagulation with heparin for repair of BAI is safe and associated with transfusion rates similar to BAI alone. Patients with low-grade liver or spleen injuries do not require laparotomy before BAI repair using partial bypass.

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