Body esteem, peer difficulties and perceptions of physical health in overweight and obese urban children aged 5 to 7 years

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether there is an association between body mass index (BMI) and body esteem in young overweight and obese urban children, and to test peer relationship difficulties and perceived physical health as mediators of this relationship. Methods: Child self-reported body esteem, and parent-reported child peer relationship difficulties (being bullied by peers and peer rejection) and physical health perceptions were obtained from 218 overweight and obese children aged 5-7 years (81% racial/ethnic minority, MBMI = 25.3) and their primary caregivers. Results: Higher BMI was associated with lower body esteem for both girls and boys. This relation was mediated by poor physical health for boys but not for girls. Peer relationship difficulties did not mediate the observed association between BMI and body esteem in either group; however, girls with higher BMI experienced more bullying and being bullied by peers was associated with lower body esteem in girls. Conclusions: Intervening with perceptions of physical health may buffer overweight and obese boys from developing low body esteem in early childhood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)825-834
Number of pages10
JournalChild: Care, Health and Development
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

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Bullying
Body Mass Index
Health
Caregivers
Buffers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{17b84a81707c45128a0a1a5d047b6dfd,
title = "Body esteem, peer difficulties and perceptions of physical health in overweight and obese urban children aged 5 to 7 years",
abstract = "Objective: To determine whether there is an association between body mass index (BMI) and body esteem in young overweight and obese urban children, and to test peer relationship difficulties and perceived physical health as mediators of this relationship. Methods: Child self-reported body esteem, and parent-reported child peer relationship difficulties (being bullied by peers and peer rejection) and physical health perceptions were obtained from 218 overweight and obese children aged 5-7 years (81{\%} racial/ethnic minority, MBMI = 25.3) and their primary caregivers. Results: Higher BMI was associated with lower body esteem for both girls and boys. This relation was mediated by poor physical health for boys but not for girls. Peer relationship difficulties did not mediate the observed association between BMI and body esteem in either group; however, girls with higher BMI experienced more bullying and being bullied by peers was associated with lower body esteem in girls. Conclusions: Intervening with perceptions of physical health may buffer overweight and obese boys from developing low body esteem in early childhood.",
author = "Williams, {N. A.} and J. Fournier and Mathilda Coday and Phyllis Richey and Frances Tylavsky and Marion Hare",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Body esteem, peer difficulties and perceptions of physical health in overweight and obese urban children aged 5 to 7 years

AU - Williams, N. A.

AU - Fournier, J.

AU - Coday, Mathilda

AU - Richey, Phyllis

AU - Tylavsky, Frances

AU - Hare, Marion

PY - 2013/11/1

Y1 - 2013/11/1

N2 - Objective: To determine whether there is an association between body mass index (BMI) and body esteem in young overweight and obese urban children, and to test peer relationship difficulties and perceived physical health as mediators of this relationship. Methods: Child self-reported body esteem, and parent-reported child peer relationship difficulties (being bullied by peers and peer rejection) and physical health perceptions were obtained from 218 overweight and obese children aged 5-7 years (81% racial/ethnic minority, MBMI = 25.3) and their primary caregivers. Results: Higher BMI was associated with lower body esteem for both girls and boys. This relation was mediated by poor physical health for boys but not for girls. Peer relationship difficulties did not mediate the observed association between BMI and body esteem in either group; however, girls with higher BMI experienced more bullying and being bullied by peers was associated with lower body esteem in girls. Conclusions: Intervening with perceptions of physical health may buffer overweight and obese boys from developing low body esteem in early childhood.

AB - Objective: To determine whether there is an association between body mass index (BMI) and body esteem in young overweight and obese urban children, and to test peer relationship difficulties and perceived physical health as mediators of this relationship. Methods: Child self-reported body esteem, and parent-reported child peer relationship difficulties (being bullied by peers and peer rejection) and physical health perceptions were obtained from 218 overweight and obese children aged 5-7 years (81% racial/ethnic minority, MBMI = 25.3) and their primary caregivers. Results: Higher BMI was associated with lower body esteem for both girls and boys. This relation was mediated by poor physical health for boys but not for girls. Peer relationship difficulties did not mediate the observed association between BMI and body esteem in either group; however, girls with higher BMI experienced more bullying and being bullied by peers was associated with lower body esteem in girls. Conclusions: Intervening with perceptions of physical health may buffer overweight and obese boys from developing low body esteem in early childhood.

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JO - Child: Care, Health and Development

JF - Child: Care, Health and Development

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