Breathing as a fundamental rhythm of brain function

Detlef Heck, Samuel S. McAfee, Yu Liu, Abbas Babajani-Feremi, Roozbeh Rezaie, Walter J. Freeman, James Wheless, Andrew Papanicolaou, Miklós Ruszinkó, Yury Sokolov, Robert Kozma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ongoing fluctuations of neuronal activity have long been considered intrinsic noise that introduces unavoidable and unwanted variability into neuronal processing, which the brain eliminates by averaging across population activity (Georgopoulos et al., 1986; Lee et al., 1988; Shadlen and Newsome, 1994; Maynard et al., 1999). It is now understood, that the seemingly random fluctuations of cortical activity form highly structured patterns, including oscillations at various frequencies, that modulate evoked neuronal responses (Arieli et al., 1996; Poulet and Petersen, 2008; He, 2013) and affect sensory perception (Linkenkaer-Hansen et al., 2004; Boly et al., 2007; Sadaghiani et al., 2009; Vinnik et al., 2012; Palva et al., 2013). Ongoing cortical activity is driven by proprioceptive and interoceptive inputs. In addition, it is partially intrinsically generated in which case it may be related to mental processes (Fox and Raichle, 2007; Deco et al., 2011). Here we argue that respiration, via multiple sensory pathways, contributes a rhythmic component to the ongoing cortical activity. We suggest that this rhythmic activity modulates the temporal organization of cortical neurodynamics, thereby linking higher cortical functions to the process of breathing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number115
JournalFrontiers in Neural Circuits
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 12 2017

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Respiration
Mental Processes
Brain
Noise
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Breathing as a fundamental rhythm of brain function. / Heck, Detlef; McAfee, Samuel S.; Liu, Yu; Babajani-Feremi, Abbas; Rezaie, Roozbeh; Freeman, Walter J.; Wheless, James; Papanicolaou, Andrew; Ruszinkó, Miklós; Sokolov, Yury; Kozma, Robert.

In: Frontiers in Neural Circuits, Vol. 10, 115, 12.01.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Heck, Detlef ; McAfee, Samuel S. ; Liu, Yu ; Babajani-Feremi, Abbas ; Rezaie, Roozbeh ; Freeman, Walter J. ; Wheless, James ; Papanicolaou, Andrew ; Ruszinkó, Miklós ; Sokolov, Yury ; Kozma, Robert. / Breathing as a fundamental rhythm of brain function. In: Frontiers in Neural Circuits. 2017 ; Vol. 10.
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