cAMP and protein kinase A modulate cholinergic rapid eye movement sleep generation

M. L. Capece, Ralph Lydic

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30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cholinergic neurotransmission in the medial pontine reticular formation (mPRF) modulates rapid eye movement (REM) sleep generation. Microinjection of cholinergic agonists and acetylcholinesterase inhibitors into the mPRF induces a REM sleep-like state, and microdialysis data reveal increased mPRF levels of acetylcholine during REM sleep. Muscarinic cholinergic receptors (mAChRs) participate in REM sleep generation, and data suggest that mAChRs of a non-M1 subtype modulate REM sleep generation. The signal transduction pathway activated by m2 and m4 mAChRs involves a pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein, adenylate cyclase (AC), adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP), and protein kinase A (PKA). Therefore, the present study tested the hypothesis that cAMP and PKA within the mPRF modulate the carbachol-induced REM sleep-like state. To test this hypothesis, the mPRF was microinjected with compounds known to facilitate the effects of cAMP (dibutyryl cAMP and 8- bromo-cAMP), stimulate PKA (Sp-cAMP[S]), and inhibit PKA (Rp-cAMP[S]). The results showed that compounds that fostered the intracellular effects of cAMP significantly decreased cholinergic REM sleep, while having no effect on spontaneously occurring REM sleep. These data are consistent with the recent finding that within the mPRF, AC and a pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein modulate cholinergic REM sleep generation. These new data suggest a modulatory role for pontine cAMP and PKA in cholinergic REM sleep regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume273
Issue number4 42-4
StatePublished - Nov 17 1997

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REM Sleep
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
Cyclic AMP
Cholinergic Agents
Sleep
Cholinergic Receptors
Muscarinic Receptors
Pertussis Toxin
GTP-Binding Proteins
Cholinergic Agonists
Cholinesterase Inhibitors
Microdialysis
Microinjections
Carbachol
Adenylyl Cyclases
Synaptic Transmission
Adenosine
Acetylcholine
Pontine Tegmentum
Signal Transduction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "cAMP and protein kinase A modulate cholinergic rapid eye movement sleep generation",
abstract = "Cholinergic neurotransmission in the medial pontine reticular formation (mPRF) modulates rapid eye movement (REM) sleep generation. Microinjection of cholinergic agonists and acetylcholinesterase inhibitors into the mPRF induces a REM sleep-like state, and microdialysis data reveal increased mPRF levels of acetylcholine during REM sleep. Muscarinic cholinergic receptors (mAChRs) participate in REM sleep generation, and data suggest that mAChRs of a non-M1 subtype modulate REM sleep generation. The signal transduction pathway activated by m2 and m4 mAChRs involves a pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein, adenylate cyclase (AC), adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP), and protein kinase A (PKA). Therefore, the present study tested the hypothesis that cAMP and PKA within the mPRF modulate the carbachol-induced REM sleep-like state. To test this hypothesis, the mPRF was microinjected with compounds known to facilitate the effects of cAMP (dibutyryl cAMP and 8- bromo-cAMP), stimulate PKA (Sp-cAMP[S]), and inhibit PKA (Rp-cAMP[S]). The results showed that compounds that fostered the intracellular effects of cAMP significantly decreased cholinergic REM sleep, while having no effect on spontaneously occurring REM sleep. These data are consistent with the recent finding that within the mPRF, AC and a pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein modulate cholinergic REM sleep generation. These new data suggest a modulatory role for pontine cAMP and PKA in cholinergic REM sleep regulation.",
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T1 - cAMP and protein kinase A modulate cholinergic rapid eye movement sleep generation

AU - Capece, M. L.

AU - Lydic, Ralph

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N2 - Cholinergic neurotransmission in the medial pontine reticular formation (mPRF) modulates rapid eye movement (REM) sleep generation. Microinjection of cholinergic agonists and acetylcholinesterase inhibitors into the mPRF induces a REM sleep-like state, and microdialysis data reveal increased mPRF levels of acetylcholine during REM sleep. Muscarinic cholinergic receptors (mAChRs) participate in REM sleep generation, and data suggest that mAChRs of a non-M1 subtype modulate REM sleep generation. The signal transduction pathway activated by m2 and m4 mAChRs involves a pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein, adenylate cyclase (AC), adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP), and protein kinase A (PKA). Therefore, the present study tested the hypothesis that cAMP and PKA within the mPRF modulate the carbachol-induced REM sleep-like state. To test this hypothesis, the mPRF was microinjected with compounds known to facilitate the effects of cAMP (dibutyryl cAMP and 8- bromo-cAMP), stimulate PKA (Sp-cAMP[S]), and inhibit PKA (Rp-cAMP[S]). The results showed that compounds that fostered the intracellular effects of cAMP significantly decreased cholinergic REM sleep, while having no effect on spontaneously occurring REM sleep. These data are consistent with the recent finding that within the mPRF, AC and a pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein modulate cholinergic REM sleep generation. These new data suggest a modulatory role for pontine cAMP and PKA in cholinergic REM sleep regulation.

AB - Cholinergic neurotransmission in the medial pontine reticular formation (mPRF) modulates rapid eye movement (REM) sleep generation. Microinjection of cholinergic agonists and acetylcholinesterase inhibitors into the mPRF induces a REM sleep-like state, and microdialysis data reveal increased mPRF levels of acetylcholine during REM sleep. Muscarinic cholinergic receptors (mAChRs) participate in REM sleep generation, and data suggest that mAChRs of a non-M1 subtype modulate REM sleep generation. The signal transduction pathway activated by m2 and m4 mAChRs involves a pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein, adenylate cyclase (AC), adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP), and protein kinase A (PKA). Therefore, the present study tested the hypothesis that cAMP and PKA within the mPRF modulate the carbachol-induced REM sleep-like state. To test this hypothesis, the mPRF was microinjected with compounds known to facilitate the effects of cAMP (dibutyryl cAMP and 8- bromo-cAMP), stimulate PKA (Sp-cAMP[S]), and inhibit PKA (Rp-cAMP[S]). The results showed that compounds that fostered the intracellular effects of cAMP significantly decreased cholinergic REM sleep, while having no effect on spontaneously occurring REM sleep. These data are consistent with the recent finding that within the mPRF, AC and a pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein modulate cholinergic REM sleep generation. These new data suggest a modulatory role for pontine cAMP and PKA in cholinergic REM sleep regulation.

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