Can Listeners Hear Who Is Singing? The Role of Familiarity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective/Hypothesis This study sought to determine whether familiarity with voices increases discrimination of voices across pitch intervals. Study Design This is a between-group design. Methods This study used a forced-choice paradigm where listeners heard two different singers (singer 1 and singer 2) producing /ɑ/ at the identical pitch and an unknown singer (either singer 1 or singer 2) producing /ɑ/ at a different pitch. Listeners had to identify which singer was the unknown singer. Two baritones and two tenors were recorded producing /ɑ/ at the pitches C3, E3, G3, B3, D4, and F4. Two sopranos and two mezzo-sopranos were recorded producing /ɑ/ at the pitches C4, E4, G4, B4, D5, and F5. For each group of stimuli, male and female, all possible pairs of singers were constructed for the lowest pitch (C2 or C3, respectively) and for the highest pitch (F4 or F5, respectively). The unknown singer was varied across the remaining pitches. Participants in group 1 completed a training session where they were familiarized with the voices being tested. Participants in group 2 did not. Results Training did not significantly improve the ability to discriminate voices when the voices being compared were of the same voice category. However, training did significantly improve the ability to discriminate voices when the voices being compared were of different voice categories even when training lasted as little as 5 minutes. Conclusions Small amount of exposure to human voices results in voice category formation but does not result in the formation of models of individual voices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)638.e1-638.e7
JournalJournal of Voice
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

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Singing
Aptitude
Recognition (Psychology)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Speech and Hearing
  • LPN and LVN

Cite this

Can Listeners Hear Who Is Singing? The Role of Familiarity. / Erickson, Mary.

In: Journal of Voice, Vol. 30, No. 5, 01.09.2016, p. 638.e1-638.e7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objective/Hypothesis This study sought to determine whether familiarity with voices increases discrimination of voices across pitch intervals. Study Design This is a between-group design. Methods This study used a forced-choice paradigm where listeners heard two different singers (singer 1 and singer 2) producing /ɑ/ at the identical pitch and an unknown singer (either singer 1 or singer 2) producing /ɑ/ at a different pitch. Listeners had to identify which singer was the unknown singer. Two baritones and two tenors were recorded producing /ɑ/ at the pitches C3, E3, G3, B3, D4, and F4. Two sopranos and two mezzo-sopranos were recorded producing /ɑ/ at the pitches C4, E4, G4, B4, D5, and F5. For each group of stimuli, male and female, all possible pairs of singers were constructed for the lowest pitch (C2 or C3, respectively) and for the highest pitch (F4 or F5, respectively). The unknown singer was varied across the remaining pitches. Participants in group 1 completed a training session where they were familiarized with the voices being tested. Participants in group 2 did not. Results Training did not significantly improve the ability to discriminate voices when the voices being compared were of the same voice category. However, training did significantly improve the ability to discriminate voices when the voices being compared were of different voice categories even when training lasted as little as 5 minutes. Conclusions Small amount of exposure to human voices results in voice category formation but does not result in the formation of models of individual voices.",
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