Cerebral arterial infarction in inflammatory bowel diseases

Aristeidis H. Katsanos, Maria Kosmidou, Sotirios Giannopoulos, Konstantinos H. Katsanos, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Athanassios P. Kyritsis, Epameinondas V. Tsianos

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been estimated that up to 10% of hypercoagulable state manifestations in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are ischemic strokes. The literature search through MEDLINE and EMBASE highlighted 33 case reports of IBD patients complicated with cerebral arterial infarction during the course of their disease. Most of these patients presented with either left or right sided hemiparesis on admission, while the most common site of arterial infarction was either the right or the left middle cerebral artery. Thrombocytosis and anemia were the most commonly observed potential risk factors for stroke in the laboratory analysis. Other coagulation abnormalities, hereditary thrombotic mutations, hyperhomocysteinemia, hyperlipidemia, structural cardiac abnormalities, endocarditis and cerebral artery vasculitis have also been reported in some of the cases that were reviewed. Even though many of these findings are commonly observed in IBD patients, literature data is still controversial about their causal relationship to ischemic stroke. Similarly, there is also lack of steady evidence and official guidelines for stroke management in both children and adults with IBD comorbidity. Finally, an algorithm based on both the American Heart Association and European Stroke Organization guidelines for stroke management and prevention in the general population, is presented as a reference point for the treatment of IBD patients who are complicated by an ischemic cerebral event.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-44
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Internal Medicine
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Cerebral Infarction
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Stroke
Central Nervous System Vasculitis
Guidelines
Thrombocytosis
Hyperhomocysteinemia
Cerebral Arteries
Middle Cerebral Artery
Paresis
Endocarditis
Hyperlipidemias
MEDLINE
Infarction
Comorbidity
Anemia
Mutation
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Katsanos, A. H., Kosmidou, M., Giannopoulos, S., Katsanos, K. H., Tsivgoulis, G., Kyritsis, A. P., & Tsianos, E. V. (2014). Cerebral arterial infarction in inflammatory bowel diseases. European Journal of Internal Medicine, 25(1), 37-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2013.08.702

Cerebral arterial infarction in inflammatory bowel diseases. / Katsanos, Aristeidis H.; Kosmidou, Maria; Giannopoulos, Sotirios; Katsanos, Konstantinos H.; Tsivgoulis, Georgios; Kyritsis, Athanassios P.; Tsianos, Epameinondas V.

In: European Journal of Internal Medicine, Vol. 25, No. 1, 01.01.2014, p. 37-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Katsanos, AH, Kosmidou, M, Giannopoulos, S, Katsanos, KH, Tsivgoulis, G, Kyritsis, AP & Tsianos, EV 2014, 'Cerebral arterial infarction in inflammatory bowel diseases', European Journal of Internal Medicine, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 37-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2013.08.702
Katsanos, Aristeidis H. ; Kosmidou, Maria ; Giannopoulos, Sotirios ; Katsanos, Konstantinos H. ; Tsivgoulis, Georgios ; Kyritsis, Athanassios P. ; Tsianos, Epameinondas V. / Cerebral arterial infarction in inflammatory bowel diseases. In: European Journal of Internal Medicine. 2014 ; Vol. 25, No. 1. pp. 37-44.
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