Characterization of fibroblast proliferation factors elaborated by antigen- and mitogen-stimulated guinea pig lymph node cells

Differentiation from lymphocyte-derived chemotactic factor for fibroblasts, lymphocyte mitogenic factor, and interleukin 1

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Abstract

Guinea pig lymph node cells stimulated in culture by T-cell mitogens or sensitizing antigens release ~60,000- and ~16,000-mol wt proteins that induce normal guinea pig fibroblasts to proliferate in vitro. These fibroblast proliferation factors can be separated from lymphocytederived chemotactic factor for fibroblasts and from lymphocyte mitogenic factor by gel filtration employing Sephadex G-100. The 16,000-mol wt fibroblast proliferation factor was found to coelute with interleukin 1 (IL 1) from gel filtration columns. When the 16,000 molecular weight factor was further analyzed by anion exchange-high-performance liquid chromatography five major peaks containing IL 1 activity were obtained, only one contained fibroblast proliferation activity, suggesting forms of IL 1 exist that are not mitogenic for fibroblast. Occasionally, a large-molecular-weight inhibitor of fibroblast proliferation was detectable in void volume fractions from gel filtration of supernatant from antigen-stimulated lymph node cell cultures. This inhibition was accompanied by gross aggregation of fibroblasts. These studies suggest that fibroblast accumulation at sites of certain cell-mediated immune reactions in vivo may in part be attributable to the release of mediators by lymphocytes and, or macrophages that induce fibroblast growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-178
Number of pages10
JournalCellular Immunology
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1982

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Interleukin-1
Mitogens
Interleukin-2
Cell Differentiation
Guinea Pigs
Fibroblasts
Lymph Nodes
Antigens
Gel Chromatography
Molecular Weight
lymphotactin
Lymphokines
Chemotactic Factors
Anions
Cell Culture Techniques
Macrophages
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
T-Lymphocytes
Growth

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology

Cite this

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title = "Characterization of fibroblast proliferation factors elaborated by antigen- and mitogen-stimulated guinea pig lymph node cells: Differentiation from lymphocyte-derived chemotactic factor for fibroblasts, lymphocyte mitogenic factor, and interleukin 1",
abstract = "Guinea pig lymph node cells stimulated in culture by T-cell mitogens or sensitizing antigens release ~60,000- and ~16,000-mol wt proteins that induce normal guinea pig fibroblasts to proliferate in vitro. These fibroblast proliferation factors can be separated from lymphocytederived chemotactic factor for fibroblasts and from lymphocyte mitogenic factor by gel filtration employing Sephadex G-100. The 16,000-mol wt fibroblast proliferation factor was found to coelute with interleukin 1 (IL 1) from gel filtration columns. When the 16,000 molecular weight factor was further analyzed by anion exchange-high-performance liquid chromatography five major peaks containing IL 1 activity were obtained, only one contained fibroblast proliferation activity, suggesting forms of IL 1 exist that are not mitogenic for fibroblast. Occasionally, a large-molecular-weight inhibitor of fibroblast proliferation was detectable in void volume fractions from gel filtration of supernatant from antigen-stimulated lymph node cell cultures. This inhibition was accompanied by gross aggregation of fibroblasts. These studies suggest that fibroblast accumulation at sites of certain cell-mediated immune reactions in vivo may in part be attributable to the release of mediators by lymphocytes and, or macrophages that induce fibroblast growth.",
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N2 - Guinea pig lymph node cells stimulated in culture by T-cell mitogens or sensitizing antigens release ~60,000- and ~16,000-mol wt proteins that induce normal guinea pig fibroblasts to proliferate in vitro. These fibroblast proliferation factors can be separated from lymphocytederived chemotactic factor for fibroblasts and from lymphocyte mitogenic factor by gel filtration employing Sephadex G-100. The 16,000-mol wt fibroblast proliferation factor was found to coelute with interleukin 1 (IL 1) from gel filtration columns. When the 16,000 molecular weight factor was further analyzed by anion exchange-high-performance liquid chromatography five major peaks containing IL 1 activity were obtained, only one contained fibroblast proliferation activity, suggesting forms of IL 1 exist that are not mitogenic for fibroblast. Occasionally, a large-molecular-weight inhibitor of fibroblast proliferation was detectable in void volume fractions from gel filtration of supernatant from antigen-stimulated lymph node cell cultures. This inhibition was accompanied by gross aggregation of fibroblasts. These studies suggest that fibroblast accumulation at sites of certain cell-mediated immune reactions in vivo may in part be attributable to the release of mediators by lymphocytes and, or macrophages that induce fibroblast growth.

AB - Guinea pig lymph node cells stimulated in culture by T-cell mitogens or sensitizing antigens release ~60,000- and ~16,000-mol wt proteins that induce normal guinea pig fibroblasts to proliferate in vitro. These fibroblast proliferation factors can be separated from lymphocytederived chemotactic factor for fibroblasts and from lymphocyte mitogenic factor by gel filtration employing Sephadex G-100. The 16,000-mol wt fibroblast proliferation factor was found to coelute with interleukin 1 (IL 1) from gel filtration columns. When the 16,000 molecular weight factor was further analyzed by anion exchange-high-performance liquid chromatography five major peaks containing IL 1 activity were obtained, only one contained fibroblast proliferation activity, suggesting forms of IL 1 exist that are not mitogenic for fibroblast. Occasionally, a large-molecular-weight inhibitor of fibroblast proliferation was detectable in void volume fractions from gel filtration of supernatant from antigen-stimulated lymph node cell cultures. This inhibition was accompanied by gross aggregation of fibroblasts. These studies suggest that fibroblast accumulation at sites of certain cell-mediated immune reactions in vivo may in part be attributable to the release of mediators by lymphocytes and, or macrophages that induce fibroblast growth.

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