Community-based exercise intervention

Zuni diabetes project

Gregory Heath, B. E. Leonard, R. H. Wilson, J. S. Kendrick, K. E. Powell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Non-insulin-dependent diabetes melltius (NIDDM) is a serious health problem among the Zuni Indians of New Mexico. In July 1983, Indian Health Service personnel initiated a community-based exercise program designed to help control NIDDM in the community. To retrospectively evaluate the effects of the exercise program, the medical records of 30 participants with NIDDM were compared with the medical records of 56 nonparticipants with NIDDM matched by age, sex, health-care provider, and duration of NIDDM. From 1 July 1983 through 1 October 1985, participants had a mean weight loss of 4 kg, whereas nonparticipants had a mean weight loss of 0.9 kg (P < .05). Participants' fasting blood glucose values dropped by a mean of 43 mg/dl, compared to a mean drop of 2 mg/dl among the nonparticipants (P < .05). Participants were significantly more likely than nonparticipants to have stopped their hypoglycemic medication (relative risk 4.2) and to have decreased their medication dosage (relative risk 2.2). These results suggest that participation in a community-based exercise program can produce significant weight loss and improvement in glycemic control among a group of Native Americans with NIDDM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)579-583
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Weight Loss
Exercise
Health Personnel
Medical Records
United States Indian Health Service
North American Indians
Hypoglycemic Agents
Blood Glucose
Fasting
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

Heath, G., Leonard, B. E., Wilson, R. H., Kendrick, J. S., & Powell, K. E. (1987). Community-based exercise intervention: Zuni diabetes project. Diabetes Care, 10(5), 579-583. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.10.5.579

Community-based exercise intervention : Zuni diabetes project. / Heath, Gregory; Leonard, B. E.; Wilson, R. H.; Kendrick, J. S.; Powell, K. E.

In: Diabetes Care, Vol. 10, No. 5, 01.01.1987, p. 579-583.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Heath, G, Leonard, BE, Wilson, RH, Kendrick, JS & Powell, KE 1987, 'Community-based exercise intervention: Zuni diabetes project', Diabetes Care, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 579-583. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.10.5.579
Heath, Gregory ; Leonard, B. E. ; Wilson, R. H. ; Kendrick, J. S. ; Powell, K. E. / Community-based exercise intervention : Zuni diabetes project. In: Diabetes Care. 1987 ; Vol. 10, No. 5. pp. 579-583.
@article{b2eb5907777d40a3ba3293c0a540dcbd,
title = "Community-based exercise intervention: Zuni diabetes project",
abstract = "Non-insulin-dependent diabetes melltius (NIDDM) is a serious health problem among the Zuni Indians of New Mexico. In July 1983, Indian Health Service personnel initiated a community-based exercise program designed to help control NIDDM in the community. To retrospectively evaluate the effects of the exercise program, the medical records of 30 participants with NIDDM were compared with the medical records of 56 nonparticipants with NIDDM matched by age, sex, health-care provider, and duration of NIDDM. From 1 July 1983 through 1 October 1985, participants had a mean weight loss of 4 kg, whereas nonparticipants had a mean weight loss of 0.9 kg (P < .05). Participants' fasting blood glucose values dropped by a mean of 43 mg/dl, compared to a mean drop of 2 mg/dl among the nonparticipants (P < .05). Participants were significantly more likely than nonparticipants to have stopped their hypoglycemic medication (relative risk 4.2) and to have decreased their medication dosage (relative risk 2.2). These results suggest that participation in a community-based exercise program can produce significant weight loss and improvement in glycemic control among a group of Native Americans with NIDDM.",
author = "Gregory Heath and Leonard, {B. E.} and Wilson, {R. H.} and Kendrick, {J. S.} and Powell, {K. E.}",
year = "1987",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2337/diacare.10.5.579",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
pages = "579--583",
journal = "Diabetes Care",
issn = "1935-5548",
publisher = "American Diabetes Association Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Community-based exercise intervention

T2 - Zuni diabetes project

AU - Heath, Gregory

AU - Leonard, B. E.

AU - Wilson, R. H.

AU - Kendrick, J. S.

AU - Powell, K. E.

PY - 1987/1/1

Y1 - 1987/1/1

N2 - Non-insulin-dependent diabetes melltius (NIDDM) is a serious health problem among the Zuni Indians of New Mexico. In July 1983, Indian Health Service personnel initiated a community-based exercise program designed to help control NIDDM in the community. To retrospectively evaluate the effects of the exercise program, the medical records of 30 participants with NIDDM were compared with the medical records of 56 nonparticipants with NIDDM matched by age, sex, health-care provider, and duration of NIDDM. From 1 July 1983 through 1 October 1985, participants had a mean weight loss of 4 kg, whereas nonparticipants had a mean weight loss of 0.9 kg (P < .05). Participants' fasting blood glucose values dropped by a mean of 43 mg/dl, compared to a mean drop of 2 mg/dl among the nonparticipants (P < .05). Participants were significantly more likely than nonparticipants to have stopped their hypoglycemic medication (relative risk 4.2) and to have decreased their medication dosage (relative risk 2.2). These results suggest that participation in a community-based exercise program can produce significant weight loss and improvement in glycemic control among a group of Native Americans with NIDDM.

AB - Non-insulin-dependent diabetes melltius (NIDDM) is a serious health problem among the Zuni Indians of New Mexico. In July 1983, Indian Health Service personnel initiated a community-based exercise program designed to help control NIDDM in the community. To retrospectively evaluate the effects of the exercise program, the medical records of 30 participants with NIDDM were compared with the medical records of 56 nonparticipants with NIDDM matched by age, sex, health-care provider, and duration of NIDDM. From 1 July 1983 through 1 October 1985, participants had a mean weight loss of 4 kg, whereas nonparticipants had a mean weight loss of 0.9 kg (P < .05). Participants' fasting blood glucose values dropped by a mean of 43 mg/dl, compared to a mean drop of 2 mg/dl among the nonparticipants (P < .05). Participants were significantly more likely than nonparticipants to have stopped their hypoglycemic medication (relative risk 4.2) and to have decreased their medication dosage (relative risk 2.2). These results suggest that participation in a community-based exercise program can produce significant weight loss and improvement in glycemic control among a group of Native Americans with NIDDM.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0023206116&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0023206116&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2337/diacare.10.5.579

DO - 10.2337/diacare.10.5.579

M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 579

EP - 583

JO - Diabetes Care

JF - Diabetes Care

SN - 1935-5548

IS - 5

ER -