Community-based physical activity as adjunctive smoking cessation treatment: Rationale, design, and baseline data for the Lifestyle Enhancement Program (LEAP) randomized controlled trial

Mark W. Vander Weg, Mathilda Coday, Michelle B. Stockton, Barbara McClanahan, George Relyea, Mary C. Read, Nancy Wilson, Stephanie Connelly, Phyllis Richey, Karen Johnson, Kenneth D. Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite advances in behavioral and pharmacological treatment for tobacco use and dependence, quit rates remain suboptimal. Increasing physical activity has shown some promise as a strategy for improving cessation outcomes. However, initial efficacy studies focused on intensive, highly structured exercise programs that may not be applicable to the general population of smokers. We describe the rationale and study design and report baseline participant characteristics from the Lifestyle Enhancement Program (LEAP), a two-group, randomized controlled trial. Adult smokers who engaged in low levels of leisure time physical activity were randomly assigned to treatment conditions consisting of an individualized physical activity intervention delivered by health fitness instructors in community-based exercise facilities or an equal contact wellness control. All participants received standard cognitive behavioral smoking cessation counseling combined with nicotine replacement therapy. The primary outcomes are seven-day point prevalence abstinence at seven weeks, six- and 12 months. Secondary outcomes include self-reported physical activity, dietary intake, body mass index, waist circumference, percent body fat, and nicotine withdrawal symptoms. Participants consist of 392 sedentary smokers (mean [standard deviation] age = 44.6 [10.2] = years; 62% female; 31% African American). Results reported here provide information regarding experiences recruiting smokers willing to change multiple health behaviors including smoking and physical activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-59
Number of pages10
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

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Withholding Treatment
Smoking Cessation
Life Style
Randomized Controlled Trials
Exercise
Nicotine
Tobacco Use Disorder
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome
Leisure Activities
Health Behavior
Tobacco Use
Waist Circumference
African Americans
Adipose Tissue
Counseling
Body Mass Index
Therapeutics
Smoking
Pharmacology
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

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Community-based physical activity as adjunctive smoking cessation treatment : Rationale, design, and baseline data for the Lifestyle Enhancement Program (LEAP) randomized controlled trial. / Vander Weg, Mark W.; Coday, Mathilda; Stockton, Michelle B.; McClanahan, Barbara; Relyea, George; Read, Mary C.; Wilson, Nancy; Connelly, Stephanie; Richey, Phyllis; Johnson, Karen; Ward, Kenneth D.

In: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications, Vol. 9, 01.03.2018, p. 50-59.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vander Weg, Mark W. ; Coday, Mathilda ; Stockton, Michelle B. ; McClanahan, Barbara ; Relyea, George ; Read, Mary C. ; Wilson, Nancy ; Connelly, Stephanie ; Richey, Phyllis ; Johnson, Karen ; Ward, Kenneth D. / Community-based physical activity as adjunctive smoking cessation treatment : Rationale, design, and baseline data for the Lifestyle Enhancement Program (LEAP) randomized controlled trial. In: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications. 2018 ; Vol. 9. pp. 50-59.
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