Comparing methods of cultural competency training and assessment in a predoctoral dental course

Jaqueline Venturin, Piedad S. Durall, Reyes Enciso, Glenn T. Clark, Roseann Mulligan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cultural competence is considered an important skill in health care delivery; accordingly, it requires an effective and efficient course of training. Web-based teaching has increasingly been used in medical education with a few reports also in the dental field; however, there is a lack of evidence of its full application and usefulness. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of web-based case scenarios in comparison with seminar-based training to deliver cultural competency material to the health care provider in training. Eighty-one fourth-year dental students attending a mandatory Special Patients' Care clinical rotation were randomly allocated to receive first either a session of seminar or web-based case scenarios on cultural competence, with all students receiving a manual containing information about various cultures and the issues of cultural diversity on the first day of the training. All students underwent pre-and post-training examinations, which were conducted using a multiple-choice questionnaire and a self-analytic evaluation. Both the seminar and the web-based case scenarios resulted in significant improvement (p≤0.001) of scores comparing the pre-and posttest outcomes. Training either as a seminar or a series of web-based case scenarios combined with written material presented in a manual was found to increase students' cultural competence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)476-484
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Dental Education
Volume77
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 4 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cultural Competency
Tooth
scenario
Students
Cultural Diversity
Dental Students
Diagnostic Self Evaluation
student
course of training
health care
Medical Education
Health Personnel
Patient Care
cultural diversity
Teaching
patient care
Delivery of Health Care
examination
questionnaire
lack

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Education

Cite this

Comparing methods of cultural competency training and assessment in a predoctoral dental course. / Venturin, Jaqueline; Durall, Piedad S.; Enciso, Reyes; Clark, Glenn T.; Mulligan, Roseann.

In: Journal of Dental Education, Vol. 77, No. 4, 04.01.2013, p. 476-484.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Venturin, J, Durall, PS, Enciso, R, Clark, GT & Mulligan, R 2013, 'Comparing methods of cultural competency training and assessment in a predoctoral dental course', Journal of Dental Education, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 476-484.
Venturin, Jaqueline ; Durall, Piedad S. ; Enciso, Reyes ; Clark, Glenn T. ; Mulligan, Roseann. / Comparing methods of cultural competency training and assessment in a predoctoral dental course. In: Journal of Dental Education. 2013 ; Vol. 77, No. 4. pp. 476-484.
@article{fa29d4e16dfe4909a2be6154b9fcd539,
title = "Comparing methods of cultural competency training and assessment in a predoctoral dental course",
abstract = "Cultural competence is considered an important skill in health care delivery; accordingly, it requires an effective and efficient course of training. Web-based teaching has increasingly been used in medical education with a few reports also in the dental field; however, there is a lack of evidence of its full application and usefulness. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of web-based case scenarios in comparison with seminar-based training to deliver cultural competency material to the health care provider in training. Eighty-one fourth-year dental students attending a mandatory Special Patients' Care clinical rotation were randomly allocated to receive first either a session of seminar or web-based case scenarios on cultural competence, with all students receiving a manual containing information about various cultures and the issues of cultural diversity on the first day of the training. All students underwent pre-and post-training examinations, which were conducted using a multiple-choice questionnaire and a self-analytic evaluation. Both the seminar and the web-based case scenarios resulted in significant improvement (p≤0.001) of scores comparing the pre-and posttest outcomes. Training either as a seminar or a series of web-based case scenarios combined with written material presented in a manual was found to increase students' cultural competence.",
author = "Jaqueline Venturin and Durall, {Piedad S.} and Reyes Enciso and Clark, {Glenn T.} and Roseann Mulligan",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "77",
pages = "476--484",
journal = "Journal of Dental Education",
issn = "0022-0337",
publisher = "American Dental Education Association",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparing methods of cultural competency training and assessment in a predoctoral dental course

AU - Venturin, Jaqueline

AU - Durall, Piedad S.

AU - Enciso, Reyes

AU - Clark, Glenn T.

AU - Mulligan, Roseann

PY - 2013/1/4

Y1 - 2013/1/4

N2 - Cultural competence is considered an important skill in health care delivery; accordingly, it requires an effective and efficient course of training. Web-based teaching has increasingly been used in medical education with a few reports also in the dental field; however, there is a lack of evidence of its full application and usefulness. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of web-based case scenarios in comparison with seminar-based training to deliver cultural competency material to the health care provider in training. Eighty-one fourth-year dental students attending a mandatory Special Patients' Care clinical rotation were randomly allocated to receive first either a session of seminar or web-based case scenarios on cultural competence, with all students receiving a manual containing information about various cultures and the issues of cultural diversity on the first day of the training. All students underwent pre-and post-training examinations, which were conducted using a multiple-choice questionnaire and a self-analytic evaluation. Both the seminar and the web-based case scenarios resulted in significant improvement (p≤0.001) of scores comparing the pre-and posttest outcomes. Training either as a seminar or a series of web-based case scenarios combined with written material presented in a manual was found to increase students' cultural competence.

AB - Cultural competence is considered an important skill in health care delivery; accordingly, it requires an effective and efficient course of training. Web-based teaching has increasingly been used in medical education with a few reports also in the dental field; however, there is a lack of evidence of its full application and usefulness. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of web-based case scenarios in comparison with seminar-based training to deliver cultural competency material to the health care provider in training. Eighty-one fourth-year dental students attending a mandatory Special Patients' Care clinical rotation were randomly allocated to receive first either a session of seminar or web-based case scenarios on cultural competence, with all students receiving a manual containing information about various cultures and the issues of cultural diversity on the first day of the training. All students underwent pre-and post-training examinations, which were conducted using a multiple-choice questionnaire and a self-analytic evaluation. Both the seminar and the web-based case scenarios resulted in significant improvement (p≤0.001) of scores comparing the pre-and posttest outcomes. Training either as a seminar or a series of web-based case scenarios combined with written material presented in a manual was found to increase students' cultural competence.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84878679493&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84878679493&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 77

SP - 476

EP - 484

JO - Journal of Dental Education

JF - Journal of Dental Education

SN - 0022-0337

IS - 4

ER -