Comparison of Native T1, Strain, and Traditional Measures of Cardiovascular Structure and Function by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Patients With Anderson-Fabry Disease

Hunter C. Wilson, Stephanie Ambach, Peace C. Madueme, Philip R. Khoury, Robert J. Hopkin, John Jefferies

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Abstract

Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) has emerged as a powerful tool to illuminate cardiovascular pathology in Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD); however, further study is required to develop clinically useful monitoring paradigms. The objective of this study was to retrospectively evaluate strain, native septal T1 values, and standard CMR measurements in a cohort of AFD patients to characterize useful measures of cardiovascular dysfunction that may be derived from a CMR platform. Eighteen patients were identified (n = 8 males) and divided according to presence or absence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Biometric data were gathered and native T1 and strain values were measured for all patients. Patients with LVH were older and had significantly lower native T1 measured at the apical septal (893 ± 78 vs 1044 ± 217 ms, p = 0.035), midventricular septal (864 ± 76 vs 988 ± 67 ms, p = 0.016), and basal septal (867 ± 58 vs 1027 ± 84 ms, p = 0.006) regions. Circumferential strain was more positive in patients with LVH (−13.5% ± 5.0% vs −18.7% ± 2.7%, p = 0.042), but longitudinal strain was not significantly different between groups. Patients with LVH had higher stroke volumes (114.5 ± 9.7 vs 96.7 ± 17.8 ml, p = 0.050), but other standard CMR measures were not significantly different. In conclusion, AFD patients with LVH have reduced native T1 and more positive circumferential strain compared to those without. The basal septum may be an appropriate region for standard measure of native T1 in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1074-1078
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume122
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2018

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Fabry Disease
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Stroke Volume
Pathology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Comparison of Native T1, Strain, and Traditional Measures of Cardiovascular Structure and Function by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Patients With Anderson-Fabry Disease. / Wilson, Hunter C.; Ambach, Stephanie; Madueme, Peace C.; Khoury, Philip R.; Hopkin, Robert J.; Jefferies, John.

In: American Journal of Cardiology, Vol. 122, No. 6, 15.09.2018, p. 1074-1078.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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