Comparison of techniques for extracting volatile compounds from conifer needles

R. M. Muzika, Charles Campbell, J. W. Hanover, A. L. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Five extraction techniques were used to obtain quantitative measurements of monoterpenes from blue spruce and grand fir needles. Multivariate analysis of variance indicated that there was a significant difference in the amount of each monoterpene extracted by using different techniques. For both species, an 8-hr steam distillation of 10 g of material yielded the greatest amount of each monoterpene. This technique was also the most reproducible in that the coefficients of variation were lowest. A rapid steam distillation was relatively effective for grand fir, but not for blue spruce. A CO2 extraction was unreliable for both species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2713-2722
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Chemical Ecology
Volume16
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1990
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Coniferophyta
Monoterpenes
conifer needles
monoterpene
Picea pungens
monoterpenoids
Needles
volatile compounds
coniferous tree
Distillation
Steam
Abies
distillation
Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
multivariate analysis
variance analysis
Analysis of Variance
Multivariate Analysis
analysis of variance
methodology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Comparison of techniques for extracting volatile compounds from conifer needles. / Muzika, R. M.; Campbell, Charles; Hanover, J. W.; Smith, A. L.

In: Journal of Chemical Ecology, Vol. 16, No. 9, 01.09.1990, p. 2713-2722.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Muzika, R. M. ; Campbell, Charles ; Hanover, J. W. ; Smith, A. L. / Comparison of techniques for extracting volatile compounds from conifer needles. In: Journal of Chemical Ecology. 1990 ; Vol. 16, No. 9. pp. 2713-2722.
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