Comparison of weight status among two cohorts of US Air Force recruits

Walker S.C. Poston, Christopher Keith Haddock, Alan L. Peterson, Mark W. Vander Weg, Robert Klesges, Megan M. Pinkston, Margaret DeBon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Backgound. Overweight and obesity are increasing rapidly in the US and the Department of Defense (DoD). We examined whether weight trends evidenced in the general population and DoD are occurring among individuals entering US Air Force (USAF) Basic Military Training (BMT). Methods. Individuals entering the USAF in 1996 (AF1996; N = 29,036) and 2000 (AF2000; N = 31,080), ages 17-29 years were surveyed. The two recruit cohorts were compared to age-matched individuals from the 1996 (N = 22,153) and 2000 (N = 31,861) Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey (BRFSS). Results. Crude rates for all age groups and age- and gender-standardized prevalence rates reflected significant increases in overweight/obesity among recruits. The direct standardized prevalence of overweight/obesity increased nearly 24%, from 14.8% in AF1996 to 18.3% in AF2000. The increase in overweight/obesity was particularly large among male recruits ages 25-29 (i.e., from 36.4% to 44.5%) between 1996 and 2000. Conclusions. USAF cohorts were less likely to be overweight than corresponding BRFSS samples. There were 19.1 and 20.2 percentage point differences between overall crude rates of overweight/obesity between AF1996 and BRFSS 1996 and AF2000 and BRFSS 2000, respectively. Nevertheless, overall rates of overweight and obesity are increasing among young recruits in the USAF at a fairly marked rate (approximately one percentage point per year).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)602-609
Number of pages8
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005

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Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
Air
Obesity
Weights and Measures
United States Department of Defense
Age Groups
Surveys and Questionnaires
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Poston, W. S. C., Haddock, C. K., Peterson, A. L., Vander Weg, M. W., Klesges, R., Pinkston, M. M., & DeBon, M. (2005). Comparison of weight status among two cohorts of US Air Force recruits. Preventive Medicine, 40(5), 602-609. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.09.006

Comparison of weight status among two cohorts of US Air Force recruits. / Poston, Walker S.C.; Haddock, Christopher Keith; Peterson, Alan L.; Vander Weg, Mark W.; Klesges, Robert; Pinkston, Megan M.; DeBon, Margaret.

In: Preventive Medicine, Vol. 40, No. 5, 01.01.2005, p. 602-609.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Poston, WSC, Haddock, CK, Peterson, AL, Vander Weg, MW, Klesges, R, Pinkston, MM & DeBon, M 2005, 'Comparison of weight status among two cohorts of US Air Force recruits', Preventive Medicine, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 602-609. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.09.006
Poston WSC, Haddock CK, Peterson AL, Vander Weg MW, Klesges R, Pinkston MM et al. Comparison of weight status among two cohorts of US Air Force recruits. Preventive Medicine. 2005 Jan 1;40(5):602-609. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.09.006
Poston, Walker S.C. ; Haddock, Christopher Keith ; Peterson, Alan L. ; Vander Weg, Mark W. ; Klesges, Robert ; Pinkston, Megan M. ; DeBon, Margaret. / Comparison of weight status among two cohorts of US Air Force recruits. In: Preventive Medicine. 2005 ; Vol. 40, No. 5. pp. 602-609.
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