Competition and relapse prevention training in worksite smoking modification

Robert Klesges, Russell E. Glasgow, Lisa M. Klesges, Karen Morray, Robert Quale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The incremental effects of competition and relapse prevention training were evaluated in the context of a multicomponent worksite smoking modification program. Subjects were 136 adult smokers (72 men; 64 women) recruited from eight worksites in Fargo, ND (n = 4) and Eugene, OR (n = 4) in a two (competition/no competition) by two (relapse prevention training/no relapse prevention training) design. Ninety-three percent (127/136) of subjects completed the program and 96% of these participants (122/127) completed the 6-month follow-up. At post-test, subjects in the competition conditions achieved a higher cessation rate (39%) than participants in the no competition conditions (16%; x2 = 8.26, P < 0.004). At follow-up, there were no longer significant differences in cessation rates among conditions, although non-abstinent subjects in the competition condition had significantly lower carbon monoxide levels than non-abstinent subjects in the no competition condition. No effects for the relapse prevention manipulation were observed. It is concluded that competition and incentive-based programs can achieve impressive reductions in smoking. Suggestions for reducing long-term relapse and directions for future worksite smoking modification research are offered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-14
Number of pages10
JournalHealth Education Research
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1987

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Secondary Prevention
Workplace
smoking
Smoking
Carbon Monoxide
Motivation
effect of competition
test subject
Recurrence
manipulation
Research
incentive

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Klesges, R., Glasgow, R. E., Klesges, L. M., Morray, K., & Quale, R. (1987). Competition and relapse prevention training in worksite smoking modification. Health Education Research, 2(1), 5-14. https://doi.org/10.1093/her/2.1.5

Competition and relapse prevention training in worksite smoking modification. / Klesges, Robert; Glasgow, Russell E.; Klesges, Lisa M.; Morray, Karen; Quale, Robert.

In: Health Education Research, Vol. 2, No. 1, 01.04.1987, p. 5-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Klesges, R, Glasgow, RE, Klesges, LM, Morray, K & Quale, R 1987, 'Competition and relapse prevention training in worksite smoking modification', Health Education Research, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 5-14. https://doi.org/10.1093/her/2.1.5
Klesges, Robert ; Glasgow, Russell E. ; Klesges, Lisa M. ; Morray, Karen ; Quale, Robert. / Competition and relapse prevention training in worksite smoking modification. In: Health Education Research. 1987 ; Vol. 2, No. 1. pp. 5-14.
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