Compliance by state-subsidized and self-pay orthodontic patients

Joshua J. Wilson, Edward Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction Medicaid is a needs-based program in the United States that subsidizes medical and dental care for minors. The purpose of this study was to test for compliance differences between self-pay and Medicaid-supported patients. Methods Medicaid patient records (n = 88) were perused retrospectively for characteristics that distract from an orthodontist's workflow (missed appointments, broken brackets, treatment duration, and so on) and compared with a sample (n = 145) of self-pay patients from the same teaching clinic. Differences in treatment difficulty were adjusted by subject selection and statistically (analysis of covariance). Results Medicaid patients were younger (mean age, 14.1 vs 14.9 years) and significantly more likely to be dismissed from treatment (19% vs 4%), generally for noncompliance. Broken brackets and missed appointments were more common in the Medicaid sample. There was no difference in the number of appointments in those completing treatment, but treatment duration was significantly longer for the Medicaid patients who completed treatment (29 vs 25 months). Commute distance and estimated driving time were significantly shorter for the Medicaid-assisted group. Conclusions Greater difficulty in managing Medicaid patients may partly explain why they are underserved. Prospective studies are needed to clarify the causes of the differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)628-632
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume148
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

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Medicaid
Orthodontics
Compliance
Appointments and Schedules
Therapeutics
Minors
Dental Care
Workflow
Patient Selection
Teaching
Prospective Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthodontics

Cite this

Compliance by state-subsidized and self-pay orthodontic patients. / Wilson, Joshua J.; Harris, Edward.

In: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Vol. 148, No. 4, 01.10.2015, p. 628-632.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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