Coordinate regulation of transforming growth factor β gene expression and cell proliferation in hamster lungs undergoing bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis

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Abstract

The number of mesenchymal cells, as well as their ability to synthesize extracellular matrix (ECM) components, greatly increase in the interstitium of fibrotic lungs. We have previously shown that the transcription of type I procollagen and fibronectin genes in the lungs is preferentially elevated during the early stages of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis (Raghow, R., S. Lurie, J.M. Seyer, and A.H. Kang. 1985. J. Clin. Invest. 76: 1734-1739). Since a cytokine-like transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) that is capable of enhancing mesenchymal cell proliferation and ECM synthesis could be potentially involved in this process, we investigated the temporal relationship between the regulation of TGFβ gene transcription and cellular proliferation in the bleomycin-treated hamster lungs. We observed a transient 5-7-fold increase in the accumulation of TGFβ transcripts, a concomitant 3-4-fold elevation in the cellular proliferation, and 8-10-fold stimulation of DNA synthesis in these lungs; all three parameters peaked around day 10 after bleomycin administration. Based on these results, we conclude that regulation of TGFβ gene expression may contribute significantly to the early events that lead to bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1836-1842
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume84
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

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Pulmonary Fibrosis
Bleomycin
Transforming Growth Factors
Cricetinae
Cell Proliferation
Gene Expression
Lung
Extracellular Matrix
Collagen Type I
Fibronectins
Genes
Cell Count
Cytokines
DNA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Coordinate regulation of transforming growth factor β gene expression and cell proliferation in hamster lungs undergoing bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis",
abstract = "The number of mesenchymal cells, as well as their ability to synthesize extracellular matrix (ECM) components, greatly increase in the interstitium of fibrotic lungs. We have previously shown that the transcription of type I procollagen and fibronectin genes in the lungs is preferentially elevated during the early stages of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis (Raghow, R., S. Lurie, J.M. Seyer, and A.H. Kang. 1985. J. Clin. Invest. 76: 1734-1739). Since a cytokine-like transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) that is capable of enhancing mesenchymal cell proliferation and ECM synthesis could be potentially involved in this process, we investigated the temporal relationship between the regulation of TGFβ gene transcription and cellular proliferation in the bleomycin-treated hamster lungs. We observed a transient 5-7-fold increase in the accumulation of TGFβ transcripts, a concomitant 3-4-fold elevation in the cellular proliferation, and 8-10-fold stimulation of DNA synthesis in these lungs; all three parameters peaked around day 10 after bleomycin administration. Based on these results, we conclude that regulation of TGFβ gene expression may contribute significantly to the early events that lead to bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis.",
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N2 - The number of mesenchymal cells, as well as their ability to synthesize extracellular matrix (ECM) components, greatly increase in the interstitium of fibrotic lungs. We have previously shown that the transcription of type I procollagen and fibronectin genes in the lungs is preferentially elevated during the early stages of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis (Raghow, R., S. Lurie, J.M. Seyer, and A.H. Kang. 1985. J. Clin. Invest. 76: 1734-1739). Since a cytokine-like transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) that is capable of enhancing mesenchymal cell proliferation and ECM synthesis could be potentially involved in this process, we investigated the temporal relationship between the regulation of TGFβ gene transcription and cellular proliferation in the bleomycin-treated hamster lungs. We observed a transient 5-7-fold increase in the accumulation of TGFβ transcripts, a concomitant 3-4-fold elevation in the cellular proliferation, and 8-10-fold stimulation of DNA synthesis in these lungs; all three parameters peaked around day 10 after bleomycin administration. Based on these results, we conclude that regulation of TGFβ gene expression may contribute significantly to the early events that lead to bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis.

AB - The number of mesenchymal cells, as well as their ability to synthesize extracellular matrix (ECM) components, greatly increase in the interstitium of fibrotic lungs. We have previously shown that the transcription of type I procollagen and fibronectin genes in the lungs is preferentially elevated during the early stages of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis (Raghow, R., S. Lurie, J.M. Seyer, and A.H. Kang. 1985. J. Clin. Invest. 76: 1734-1739). Since a cytokine-like transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) that is capable of enhancing mesenchymal cell proliferation and ECM synthesis could be potentially involved in this process, we investigated the temporal relationship between the regulation of TGFβ gene transcription and cellular proliferation in the bleomycin-treated hamster lungs. We observed a transient 5-7-fold increase in the accumulation of TGFβ transcripts, a concomitant 3-4-fold elevation in the cellular proliferation, and 8-10-fold stimulation of DNA synthesis in these lungs; all three parameters peaked around day 10 after bleomycin administration. Based on these results, we conclude that regulation of TGFβ gene expression may contribute significantly to the early events that lead to bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis.

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