Correlates of physical activity

Why are some people physically active and others not?

Adrian E. Bauman, Rodrigo S. Reis, James F. Sallis, Jonathan C. Wells, Ruth J.F. Loos, Brian W. Martin, Jasem R. Alkandari, Lars Bo Andersen, Steven N. Blair, Ross C. Brownson, Fiona C. Bull, Cora L. Craig, Ulf Ekelund, Shifalika Goenka, Regina Guthold, Pedro C. Hallal, William L. Haskell, Gregory Heath, Shigeru Inoue, Sonja Kahlmeier & 13 others Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Harold W. Kohl, Estelle Victoria Lambert, I. Min Lee, Grit Leetongin, Felipe Lobelo, Bess Marcus, Neville Owen, Diana C. Parra, Michael Pratt, Pekka Puska, David Ogilvie, Olga Lucia Sarmiento

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1310 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Physical inactivity is an important contributor to non-communicable diseases in countries of high income, and increasingly so in those of low and middle income. Understanding why people are physically active or inactive contributes to evidence-based planning of public health interventions, because effective programmes will target factors known to cause inactivity. Research into correlates (factors associated with activity) or determinants (those with a causal relationship) has burgeoned in the past two decades, but has mostly focused on individual-level factors in high-income countries. It has shown that age, sex, health status, self-efficacy, and motivation are associated with physical activity. Ecological models take a broad view of health behaviour causation, with the social and physical environment included as contributors to physical inactivity, particularly those outside the health sector, such as urban planning, transportation systems, and parks and trails. New areas of determinants research have identified genetic factors contributing to the propensity to be physically active, and evolutionary factors and obesity that might predispose to inactivity, and have explored the longitudinal tracking of physical activity throughout life. An understanding of correlates and determinants, especially in countries of low and middle income, could reduce the effect of future epidemics of inactivity and contribute to effective global prevention of non-communicable diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)258-271
Number of pages14
JournalThe Lancet
Volume380
Issue number9838
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

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City Planning
Social Environment
Health Behavior
Self Efficacy
Research
Causality
Health Status
Motivation
Public Health
Obesity
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Bauman, A. E., Reis, R. S., Sallis, J. F., Wells, J. C., Loos, R. J. F., Martin, B. W., ... Sarmiento, O. L. (2012). Correlates of physical activity: Why are some people physically active and others not? The Lancet, 380(9838), 258-271. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60735-1

Correlates of physical activity : Why are some people physically active and others not? / Bauman, Adrian E.; Reis, Rodrigo S.; Sallis, James F.; Wells, Jonathan C.; Loos, Ruth J.F.; Martin, Brian W.; Alkandari, Jasem R.; Andersen, Lars Bo; Blair, Steven N.; Brownson, Ross C.; Bull, Fiona C.; Craig, Cora L.; Ekelund, Ulf; Goenka, Shifalika; Guthold, Regina; Hallal, Pedro C.; Haskell, William L.; Heath, Gregory; Inoue, Shigeru; Kahlmeier, Sonja; Katzmarzyk, Peter T.; Kohl, Harold W.; Lambert, Estelle Victoria; Lee, I. Min; Leetongin, Grit; Lobelo, Felipe; Marcus, Bess; Owen, Neville; Parra, Diana C.; Pratt, Michael; Puska, Pekka; Ogilvie, David; Sarmiento, Olga Lucia.

In: The Lancet, Vol. 380, No. 9838, 01.07.2012, p. 258-271.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Bauman, AE, Reis, RS, Sallis, JF, Wells, JC, Loos, RJF, Martin, BW, Alkandari, JR, Andersen, LB, Blair, SN, Brownson, RC, Bull, FC, Craig, CL, Ekelund, U, Goenka, S, Guthold, R, Hallal, PC, Haskell, WL, Heath, G, Inoue, S, Kahlmeier, S, Katzmarzyk, PT, Kohl, HW, Lambert, EV, Lee, IM, Leetongin, G, Lobelo, F, Marcus, B, Owen, N, Parra, DC, Pratt, M, Puska, P, Ogilvie, D & Sarmiento, OL 2012, 'Correlates of physical activity: Why are some people physically active and others not?', The Lancet, vol. 380, no. 9838, pp. 258-271. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60735-1
Bauman AE, Reis RS, Sallis JF, Wells JC, Loos RJF, Martin BW et al. Correlates of physical activity: Why are some people physically active and others not? The Lancet. 2012 Jul 1;380(9838):258-271. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60735-1
Bauman, Adrian E. ; Reis, Rodrigo S. ; Sallis, James F. ; Wells, Jonathan C. ; Loos, Ruth J.F. ; Martin, Brian W. ; Alkandari, Jasem R. ; Andersen, Lars Bo ; Blair, Steven N. ; Brownson, Ross C. ; Bull, Fiona C. ; Craig, Cora L. ; Ekelund, Ulf ; Goenka, Shifalika ; Guthold, Regina ; Hallal, Pedro C. ; Haskell, William L. ; Heath, Gregory ; Inoue, Shigeru ; Kahlmeier, Sonja ; Katzmarzyk, Peter T. ; Kohl, Harold W. ; Lambert, Estelle Victoria ; Lee, I. Min ; Leetongin, Grit ; Lobelo, Felipe ; Marcus, Bess ; Owen, Neville ; Parra, Diana C. ; Pratt, Michael ; Puska, Pekka ; Ogilvie, David ; Sarmiento, Olga Lucia. / Correlates of physical activity : Why are some people physically active and others not?. In: The Lancet. 2012 ; Vol. 380, No. 9838. pp. 258-271.
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AU - Loos, Ruth J.F.

AU - Martin, Brian W.

AU - Alkandari, Jasem R.

AU - Andersen, Lars Bo

AU - Blair, Steven N.

AU - Brownson, Ross C.

AU - Bull, Fiona C.

AU - Craig, Cora L.

AU - Ekelund, Ulf

AU - Goenka, Shifalika

AU - Guthold, Regina

AU - Hallal, Pedro C.

AU - Haskell, William L.

AU - Heath, Gregory

AU - Inoue, Shigeru

AU - Kahlmeier, Sonja

AU - Katzmarzyk, Peter T.

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AU - Owen, Neville

AU - Parra, Diana C.

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