Defective human ether-à-go-go-related gene trafficking linked to an endoplasmic reticulum retention signal in the C terminus

Sabina Kupershmidt, Tao Yang, Siprachanh Chanthaphaychith, Zhiqing Wang, Jeffrey Towbin, Dan M. Roden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mutations in the human Ether-à-go-go-Related gene (HERG), encoding the protein underlying the cardiac K+ current, IKr, cause chromosome 7-linked long QT syndrome (LQT2). In this study, we show that deletion of the C-terminal 147 amino acids (HERGΔ147 abolished IKr, whereas a larger, 159-amino acid deletion (HERGΔ159) identified in an LQT2 kindred did generate IKr, albeit with reduced amplitude compared with the wild type. The 12 amino acids present in HERGΔ147 and absent in HERGΔ159 include a potential endoplasmic reticulum (ER) retention signal, RGR, which when mutated to LGL (HERGΔ147-LGL) restored IKr. Streptavidin selection of biotin-labeled surface proteins showed good expression of wild-type and HERGΔ159 at the cell surface and low expression of HERGΔ147-LGL and HERGΔ147. Additionally, a 100-amino acid peptide spanning the RGR triplet can rescue the defect in HERGΔ147 when co-expressed as an ER-targeted minigene. Failure of HERG trafficking is known to cause LQT2, and this identified a molecular mechanism underlying this defect. Further, our data indicate that a key function of the C-terminal 104 amino acids is to mask the RGR ER retention signal, which becomes exposed when mutations truncate the HERG C terminus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27442-27448
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 26 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Endoplasmic Reticulum
Ether
Genes
Amino Acids
Long QT Syndrome
Defects
Mutation
Gene encoding
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7
Streptavidin
Chromosomes
Masks
Biotin
Membrane Proteins
Peptides
Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Defective human ether-à-go-go-related gene trafficking linked to an endoplasmic reticulum retention signal in the C terminus. / Kupershmidt, Sabina; Yang, Tao; Chanthaphaychith, Siprachanh; Wang, Zhiqing; Towbin, Jeffrey; Roden, Dan M.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 277, No. 30, 26.07.2002, p. 27442-27448.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kupershmidt, Sabina ; Yang, Tao ; Chanthaphaychith, Siprachanh ; Wang, Zhiqing ; Towbin, Jeffrey ; Roden, Dan M. / Defective human ether-à-go-go-related gene trafficking linked to an endoplasmic reticulum retention signal in the C terminus. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2002 ; Vol. 277, No. 30. pp. 27442-27448.
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