Demographic and geographic variations of oral health among African Americans based on NHANES III

B. L. Green, S. Person, M. Crowther, S. Frison, M. Shipp, P. Lee, Michelle Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As efforts continue to improve the health of all US citizens, oral health must not be overlooked. Oral health is an integral part of overall health status and oral diseases are among the most prevalent of all health problems. Objectives: To describe the oral health status and oral health behaviors of African Americans. Methods: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) data set was used to examine a range of oral health indicators of African Americans with specific attention to demographic and geographic factors. The original data set consisted of 20,050 subjects, gathered through the use of complex, multi-stage, stratified and clustered sampling techniques. Only African Americans were included in this study which resulted in a sample of 5,616. Statistical analysis was conducted to allow the proper modeling of the complex, stratified, multistage survey design and sample weights of NHANES III. Results: Sixty-two percent of respondents indicated that they only visit the dentist when needed and had no regular visitation schedule. Dental health was worse for those individuals who were poor, unemployed, and uninsured. Regional differences in dental care appeared with individuals living in the south reporting poorer dental health. Conclusions: The findings from this study are useful for identifying sociodemographic and geographic factors related to oral health status. The insights gained from this study illustrate the need for tailoring oral health promotion programmes and services to specific groups within the African American community because service utilisation and response patterns and perceptions may be different.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-122
Number of pages6
JournalCommunity Dental Health
Volume20
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003

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Nutrition Surveys
Oral Health
African Americans
Demography
Health Status
Geography
Health
Tooth
Mouth Diseases
Dental Care
Social Welfare
Health Behavior
Health Promotion
Dentists
Health Services
Appointments and Schedules
Weights and Measures

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Green, B. L., Person, S., Crowther, M., Frison, S., Shipp, M., Lee, P., & Martin, M. (2003). Demographic and geographic variations of oral health among African Americans based on NHANES III. Community Dental Health, 20(2), 117-122.

Demographic and geographic variations of oral health among African Americans based on NHANES III. / Green, B. L.; Person, S.; Crowther, M.; Frison, S.; Shipp, M.; Lee, P.; Martin, Michelle.

In: Community Dental Health, Vol. 20, No. 2, 01.06.2003, p. 117-122.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Green, BL, Person, S, Crowther, M, Frison, S, Shipp, M, Lee, P & Martin, M 2003, 'Demographic and geographic variations of oral health among African Americans based on NHANES III', Community Dental Health, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 117-122.
Green BL, Person S, Crowther M, Frison S, Shipp M, Lee P et al. Demographic and geographic variations of oral health among African Americans based on NHANES III. Community Dental Health. 2003 Jun 1;20(2):117-122.
Green, B. L. ; Person, S. ; Crowther, M. ; Frison, S. ; Shipp, M. ; Lee, P. ; Martin, Michelle. / Demographic and geographic variations of oral health among African Americans based on NHANES III. In: Community Dental Health. 2003 ; Vol. 20, No. 2. pp. 117-122.
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