Design and synthesis of hydroxy-alkynoic acids and their methyl esters as novel activators of BK channels

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Abstract

Physiological and pharmacological agents that activate large conductance, voltage-, and calcium-gated potassium (BK) channels located in the smooth muscle are effective vasodilators. Thus, activators of smooth muscle BK channels may be potential therapeutic tools to treat cardiovascular disease associated with vasoconstriction and/or impaired dilation, such as cerebrovascular spasm and constriction. We previously showed that lithocholic acid (LC) and other cholane derivatives activated smooth muscle BK channels and, thus, caused endothelium-independent cerebral artery dilation. However, clinical use of these cholane derivatives could be limited by the actions of these steroids, such as elevation of intracellular calcium and induction of apoptosis. Using LC as template, we designed and synthesized a series of hydroxy-alkynoic acids and corresponding methyl esters, as putative, non-steroid BK channel activators. Indeed, the newly synthesized compounds effectively and reversibly activated rat cerebrovascular myocyte BK channel at concentrations similar to those found effective with LC. Among all the novel compounds tested, C-10 hydroxy-alkynoic acid methyl ester appears to be the most effective activator of vascular myocyte BK channels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3427-3430
Number of pages4
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Volume18
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2008

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Large-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels
Hydroxy Acids
Esters
Lithocholic Acid
Cholanes
Smooth Muscle
Muscle
Muscle Cells
Dilatation
Calcium
Derivatives
Intracranial Vasospasm
Cerebral Arteries
Potassium Channels
Vasoconstriction
Vasodilator Agents
Constriction
Endothelium
Blood Vessels
Rats

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Design and synthesis of hydroxy-alkynoic acids and their methyl esters as novel activators of BK channels",
abstract = "Physiological and pharmacological agents that activate large conductance, voltage-, and calcium-gated potassium (BK) channels located in the smooth muscle are effective vasodilators. Thus, activators of smooth muscle BK channels may be potential therapeutic tools to treat cardiovascular disease associated with vasoconstriction and/or impaired dilation, such as cerebrovascular spasm and constriction. We previously showed that lithocholic acid (LC) and other cholane derivatives activated smooth muscle BK channels and, thus, caused endothelium-independent cerebral artery dilation. However, clinical use of these cholane derivatives could be limited by the actions of these steroids, such as elevation of intracellular calcium and induction of apoptosis. Using LC as template, we designed and synthesized a series of hydroxy-alkynoic acids and corresponding methyl esters, as putative, non-steroid BK channel activators. Indeed, the newly synthesized compounds effectively and reversibly activated rat cerebrovascular myocyte BK channel at concentrations similar to those found effective with LC. Among all the novel compounds tested, C-10 hydroxy-alkynoic acid methyl ester appears to be the most effective activator of vascular myocyte BK channels.",
author = "Shivaputra Patil and Anna Bukiya and Wei Li and Alejandro Dopico and Duane Miller",
year = "2008",
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AU - Patil, Shivaputra

AU - Bukiya, Anna

AU - Li, Wei

AU - Dopico, Alejandro

AU - Miller, Duane

PY - 2008/6/1

Y1 - 2008/6/1

N2 - Physiological and pharmacological agents that activate large conductance, voltage-, and calcium-gated potassium (BK) channels located in the smooth muscle are effective vasodilators. Thus, activators of smooth muscle BK channels may be potential therapeutic tools to treat cardiovascular disease associated with vasoconstriction and/or impaired dilation, such as cerebrovascular spasm and constriction. We previously showed that lithocholic acid (LC) and other cholane derivatives activated smooth muscle BK channels and, thus, caused endothelium-independent cerebral artery dilation. However, clinical use of these cholane derivatives could be limited by the actions of these steroids, such as elevation of intracellular calcium and induction of apoptosis. Using LC as template, we designed and synthesized a series of hydroxy-alkynoic acids and corresponding methyl esters, as putative, non-steroid BK channel activators. Indeed, the newly synthesized compounds effectively and reversibly activated rat cerebrovascular myocyte BK channel at concentrations similar to those found effective with LC. Among all the novel compounds tested, C-10 hydroxy-alkynoic acid methyl ester appears to be the most effective activator of vascular myocyte BK channels.

AB - Physiological and pharmacological agents that activate large conductance, voltage-, and calcium-gated potassium (BK) channels located in the smooth muscle are effective vasodilators. Thus, activators of smooth muscle BK channels may be potential therapeutic tools to treat cardiovascular disease associated with vasoconstriction and/or impaired dilation, such as cerebrovascular spasm and constriction. We previously showed that lithocholic acid (LC) and other cholane derivatives activated smooth muscle BK channels and, thus, caused endothelium-independent cerebral artery dilation. However, clinical use of these cholane derivatives could be limited by the actions of these steroids, such as elevation of intracellular calcium and induction of apoptosis. Using LC as template, we designed and synthesized a series of hydroxy-alkynoic acids and corresponding methyl esters, as putative, non-steroid BK channel activators. Indeed, the newly synthesized compounds effectively and reversibly activated rat cerebrovascular myocyte BK channel at concentrations similar to those found effective with LC. Among all the novel compounds tested, C-10 hydroxy-alkynoic acid methyl ester appears to be the most effective activator of vascular myocyte BK channels.

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