Development and Physiological Regulation of Intestinal Lipid Absorption. I. Development of intestinal lipid absorption

Cellular events in chylomicron assembly and secretion

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The newborn mammal must efficiently absorb dietary fat, predominantly as triacylglycerol, and produce chylomicrons to deliver this lipid to peripheral tissues. The cellular mechanisms involved in enterocyte chylomicron assembly have recently been elucidated, and data on their regulation in the immature gut are beginning to emerge. This review focuses on key proteins involved in chylomicron assembly: apolipoprotein B-48, microsomal triglyceride transfer protein, and apolipoproten A-IV. Recent studies support a role for apolipoprotein A-IV in enhancing chylomicron secretion by promoting production of larger particles. These proteins are regulated in a manner to maximize the lipid absorptive capacity of the newborn intestine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume293
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007

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Chylomicrons
Intestinal Absorption
Apolipoprotein B-48
Lipids
Enterocytes
Dietary Fats
Intestines
Mammals
Triglycerides
Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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abstract = "The newborn mammal must efficiently absorb dietary fat, predominantly as triacylglycerol, and produce chylomicrons to deliver this lipid to peripheral tissues. The cellular mechanisms involved in enterocyte chylomicron assembly have recently been elucidated, and data on their regulation in the immature gut are beginning to emerge. This review focuses on key proteins involved in chylomicron assembly: apolipoprotein B-48, microsomal triglyceride transfer protein, and apolipoproten A-IV. Recent studies support a role for apolipoprotein A-IV in enhancing chylomicron secretion by promoting production of larger particles. These proteins are regulated in a manner to maximize the lipid absorptive capacity of the newborn intestine.",
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AB - The newborn mammal must efficiently absorb dietary fat, predominantly as triacylglycerol, and produce chylomicrons to deliver this lipid to peripheral tissues. The cellular mechanisms involved in enterocyte chylomicron assembly have recently been elucidated, and data on their regulation in the immature gut are beginning to emerge. This review focuses on key proteins involved in chylomicron assembly: apolipoprotein B-48, microsomal triglyceride transfer protein, and apolipoproten A-IV. Recent studies support a role for apolipoprotein A-IV in enhancing chylomicron secretion by promoting production of larger particles. These proteins are regulated in a manner to maximize the lipid absorptive capacity of the newborn intestine.

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