Development of an instrument to measure professionalism

Marie Chisholm-Burns, Henry Cobb, Lori Duke, Charles McDuffie, William K. Kennedy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. To develop and validate an instrument that measures professionalism among pharmacy students and recent graduates. Methods. A pharmacy professionalism survey instrument developed by a focus group was pretested and then administered to all first-year pharmacy students enrolled in the University of Georgia College of Pharmacy and to recent pharmacy graduates who were taking the preparation course for the Georgia Pharmacy Law Examination and North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination. Participants were asked to indicate the extent to which they agreed or disagreed with each of 32 items using a 5-point Likert scale. Results. One hundred thirty first-year pharmacy students and 101 pharmacy graduates participated in the survey. Statistical analysis identified 6 factors (subscales), which were later named excellence, respect for others, altruism, duty, accountability, and honor/integrity, the 6 tenets of professionalism. Item to total correlations ranged from 0.25 to 0.57 on the 6 factors (subscales), and reliability estimates ranged from 0.72 to 0.85 for the 6 factors and total scale. Conclusions. The Pharmacy Professionalism Instrument measures the 6 tenets of professionalism and exhibits satisfactory reliability measures. Future studies using this scale in other pharmacy populations are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number85
JournalAmerican Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Volume70
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Pharmacy Students
graduate
Altruism
Social Responsibility
Licensure
Professionalism
professionalism
Focus Groups
Pharmacists
examination
student
altruism
pharmacist
honor
statistical analysis
integrity
respect
Population
responsibility
Law

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Cite this

Development of an instrument to measure professionalism. / Chisholm-Burns, Marie; Cobb, Henry; Duke, Lori; McDuffie, Charles; Kennedy, William K.

In: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, Vol. 70, No. 4, 85, 01.01.2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chisholm-Burns, Marie ; Cobb, Henry ; Duke, Lori ; McDuffie, Charles ; Kennedy, William K. / Development of an instrument to measure professionalism. In: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2006 ; Vol. 70, No. 4.
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