Diet influences development of the pig (Sus scrofa) intestine during the first 6 hours after birth

Hongzheng Zhang, Christiane Malo, Carolyn R. Boyle, Randal Buddington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Structural and functional responses of the intestine to colostrum, milk replacer, oral electrolyte solution and food deprivation were examined during the first 6 h after birth in pigs. Total intestinal weight, surface area and mucosal mass were highest (P < 0.05) in pigs fed colostrum. The other diet groups did not differ, except that food-deprived pigs had lower surface area than the other groups. Feeding colostrum was associated with higher mucosal protein content (P < 0.05). Total intestinal brush border membrane protein content of pigs fed milk replacer, oral electrolyte solution and food- deprived pigs were 61, 44 and 56%, respectively, of those fed colostrum (P < 0.05). Pigs fed colostrum had higher total mucosal maltase activities than those that were food deprived, and total brush border membrane activities were higher than in those fed oral electrolyte solution. Total intestinal brush border membrane aminooligopeptidase activity was higher in pigs fed colostrum than in those given oral electrolyte solution or deprived of food, but total intestinal homogenate activities did not differ among groups. Diet influenced lactase activity only in the mid-region, and sucrase was not responsive to diet. Intestinal glucose transport capacity by intact intestinal tissues did not differ among diet groups. The ability of brush border membrane vesicles to actively accumulate glucose was lost when pigs were fed colostrum and milk replacer, but not when fed oral electrolyte solution or deprived of food. Our findings reveal how diet during the first 6 h after birth influences the structure and functional characteristics of the intestine. The responses vary between brush border membrane proteins and intestinal regions, and appear to differ from those described for older animals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1302-1310
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume128
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Sus scrofa
Colostrum
Intestines
colostrum
intestines
Swine
Parturition
Diet
Microvilli
swine
Electrolytes
electrolytes
mouth
microvilli
diet
milk replacer
Food
Milk
membrane proteins
Membranes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Diet influences development of the pig (Sus scrofa) intestine during the first 6 hours after birth. / Zhang, Hongzheng; Malo, Christiane; Boyle, Carolyn R.; Buddington, Randal.

In: Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 128, No. 8, 08.1998, p. 1302-1310.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhang, Hongzheng ; Malo, Christiane ; Boyle, Carolyn R. ; Buddington, Randal. / Diet influences development of the pig (Sus scrofa) intestine during the first 6 hours after birth. In: Journal of Nutrition. 1998 ; Vol. 128, No. 8. pp. 1302-1310.
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