Differential regulation of constitutive and retinoic acid-induced galectin-1 gene transcription in murine embryonal carcinoma and myoblastic cells

Yi Lu, Dafna Lotan, Reuben Lotan

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25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Galectin-1 (gal-1), a galactoside-binding lectin, is found in many vertebrate tissues and its expression is regulated during development. We had found that gal-1 expression is increased in F9 murine embryonal carcinoma cells concurrently with induction of differentiation by all-trans retinoic acid (RA). In contrast, gal-1 expression was constitutively high in murine myoblastic C2C12 cells. Therefore, we used these two cell types as models to begin to understand the mechanisms underlying constitutive and RA-induced gal-1 expression. We transfected transiently into F9 cells a series of reporter constructs containing different deletions of the 5' upstream region of the gal-1 gene promoter placed upstream of the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter cDNA and evaluated the activation of transcription by RA treatment. The results indicate that the induction of gal-1 by RA is regulated at least partially at the level of transcription. A strong RA responsiveness region was found within the sequence from -1578 to -1448 upstream of the transcription start site (+1). In contrast, the high constitutive gal-1 expression in C2C12 cells appeared to be mediated by a sequence within the promoter region from -62 to +1, which contains an Sp1 consensus sequence. A gel electrophoretic mobility shift assay indicated that the transcription factor SP1 bound to the gal-1 Sp1 site and mutagenesis of this Sp1 site abolished both the binding of nuclear proteins to the mutated Sp1 site and the high constitutive expression of the gal-1 gene. The results demonstrate that gal-1 expression is cell type-specific and suggest that different factors regulate constitutive and RA-induced gal-1 expression. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-19
Number of pages7
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Gene Structure and Expression
Volume1491
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 25 2000

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Galectin 1
Embryonal Carcinoma Stem Cells
Transcription
Tretinoin
Genes
Galactosides
Electrophoretic mobility
Mutagenesis
Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase
Transcription Initiation Site
Consensus Sequence
Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay
Nuclear Proteins
Lectins
Genetic Promoter Regions
Transcriptional Activation
Vertebrates
Assays
Carrier Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics

Cite this

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title = "Differential regulation of constitutive and retinoic acid-induced galectin-1 gene transcription in murine embryonal carcinoma and myoblastic cells",
abstract = "Galectin-1 (gal-1), a galactoside-binding lectin, is found in many vertebrate tissues and its expression is regulated during development. We had found that gal-1 expression is increased in F9 murine embryonal carcinoma cells concurrently with induction of differentiation by all-trans retinoic acid (RA). In contrast, gal-1 expression was constitutively high in murine myoblastic C2C12 cells. Therefore, we used these two cell types as models to begin to understand the mechanisms underlying constitutive and RA-induced gal-1 expression. We transfected transiently into F9 cells a series of reporter constructs containing different deletions of the 5' upstream region of the gal-1 gene promoter placed upstream of the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter cDNA and evaluated the activation of transcription by RA treatment. The results indicate that the induction of gal-1 by RA is regulated at least partially at the level of transcription. A strong RA responsiveness region was found within the sequence from -1578 to -1448 upstream of the transcription start site (+1). In contrast, the high constitutive gal-1 expression in C2C12 cells appeared to be mediated by a sequence within the promoter region from -62 to +1, which contains an Sp1 consensus sequence. A gel electrophoretic mobility shift assay indicated that the transcription factor SP1 bound to the gal-1 Sp1 site and mutagenesis of this Sp1 site abolished both the binding of nuclear proteins to the mutated Sp1 site and the high constitutive expression of the gal-1 gene. The results demonstrate that gal-1 expression is cell type-specific and suggest that different factors regulate constitutive and RA-induced gal-1 expression. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.",
author = "Yi Lu and Dafna Lotan and Reuben Lotan",
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T1 - Differential regulation of constitutive and retinoic acid-induced galectin-1 gene transcription in murine embryonal carcinoma and myoblastic cells

AU - Lu, Yi

AU - Lotan, Dafna

AU - Lotan, Reuben

PY - 2000/4/25

Y1 - 2000/4/25

N2 - Galectin-1 (gal-1), a galactoside-binding lectin, is found in many vertebrate tissues and its expression is regulated during development. We had found that gal-1 expression is increased in F9 murine embryonal carcinoma cells concurrently with induction of differentiation by all-trans retinoic acid (RA). In contrast, gal-1 expression was constitutively high in murine myoblastic C2C12 cells. Therefore, we used these two cell types as models to begin to understand the mechanisms underlying constitutive and RA-induced gal-1 expression. We transfected transiently into F9 cells a series of reporter constructs containing different deletions of the 5' upstream region of the gal-1 gene promoter placed upstream of the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter cDNA and evaluated the activation of transcription by RA treatment. The results indicate that the induction of gal-1 by RA is regulated at least partially at the level of transcription. A strong RA responsiveness region was found within the sequence from -1578 to -1448 upstream of the transcription start site (+1). In contrast, the high constitutive gal-1 expression in C2C12 cells appeared to be mediated by a sequence within the promoter region from -62 to +1, which contains an Sp1 consensus sequence. A gel electrophoretic mobility shift assay indicated that the transcription factor SP1 bound to the gal-1 Sp1 site and mutagenesis of this Sp1 site abolished both the binding of nuclear proteins to the mutated Sp1 site and the high constitutive expression of the gal-1 gene. The results demonstrate that gal-1 expression is cell type-specific and suggest that different factors regulate constitutive and RA-induced gal-1 expression. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

AB - Galectin-1 (gal-1), a galactoside-binding lectin, is found in many vertebrate tissues and its expression is regulated during development. We had found that gal-1 expression is increased in F9 murine embryonal carcinoma cells concurrently with induction of differentiation by all-trans retinoic acid (RA). In contrast, gal-1 expression was constitutively high in murine myoblastic C2C12 cells. Therefore, we used these two cell types as models to begin to understand the mechanisms underlying constitutive and RA-induced gal-1 expression. We transfected transiently into F9 cells a series of reporter constructs containing different deletions of the 5' upstream region of the gal-1 gene promoter placed upstream of the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter cDNA and evaluated the activation of transcription by RA treatment. The results indicate that the induction of gal-1 by RA is regulated at least partially at the level of transcription. A strong RA responsiveness region was found within the sequence from -1578 to -1448 upstream of the transcription start site (+1). In contrast, the high constitutive gal-1 expression in C2C12 cells appeared to be mediated by a sequence within the promoter region from -62 to +1, which contains an Sp1 consensus sequence. A gel electrophoretic mobility shift assay indicated that the transcription factor SP1 bound to the gal-1 Sp1 site and mutagenesis of this Sp1 site abolished both the binding of nuclear proteins to the mutated Sp1 site and the high constitutive expression of the gal-1 gene. The results demonstrate that gal-1 expression is cell type-specific and suggest that different factors regulate constitutive and RA-induced gal-1 expression. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

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