Direct excitation of mitral cells via activation of α1-noradrenergic receptors in rat olfactory bulb slices

Abdallah Hayar, Phillip M. Heyward, Thomas Heinbockel, Michael T. Shipley, Matthew Ennis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The main olfactory bulb receives a significant modulatory noradrenergic input from the locus coeruleus. Previous in vivo and in vitro studies showed that norepinephrine (NE) inputs increase the sensitivity of mitral cells to weak olfactory inputs. The cellular basis for this action of NE is not understood. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of NE and noradrenergic agonists on the excitability of mitral cells, the main output cells of the olfactory bulb, using whole cell patch-clamp recording in vitro. The noradrenergic agonists, phenylephrine (PE, 10 μM), isoproterenol (Isop, 10 μM), and clonidine (3 μM), were used to test for the functional presence of α1-, β-, and α2-receptors, respectively, on mitral cells. None of these agonists affected olfactory nerve (ON)-evoked field potentials recorded in the glomerular layer, or ON-evoked postsynaptic currents recorded in mitral cells. In whole cell voltage-clamp recordings, NE (30 μM) induced an inward current (54 ± 7 pA, n = 16) with an EC50 of 4.7 μM. Both PE and Isop also produced inward currents (22 ± 4 pA, n = 19, and 29 ± 9 pA, n = 8, respectively), while clonidine produced no effect (n = 6). In the presence of TTX (1 ≇M), and blockers of excitatory and inhibitory fast synaptic transmission [gabazine 5 μM, 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX) 10 μM, and (±)-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (APV) 50 μM], the inward current induced by PE persisted (EC50 = 9 μM), whereas that of Isop was absent. The effect of PE was also observed in the presence of the Ca2+ channel blockers, cadmium (100 μM) and nickel (100 μM). The inward current caused by PE was blocked when the interior of the cell was perfused with the nonhydrolyzable GDP analogue, GDPβS, indicating that the α1 effect is mediated by G-protein coupling. The current-voltage relationship in the absence and presence of PE indicated that the current induced by PE decreased near the equilibrium potential for potassium ions. In current-clamp recordings from bistable mitral cells, PE shifted the membrane potential from the downstate (-52 mV) toward the upstate (-40 mV), and significantly increased spike generation in response to perithreshold ON input. These findings indicate that NE excites mitral cells directly via α1 receptors, an effect that may underlie, at least in part, increased mitral cell responses to weak ON input during locus coeruleus activation in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2173-2182
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neurophysiology
Volume86
Issue number5
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Olfactory Bulb
Olfactory Nerve
Norepinephrine
Locus Coeruleus
Clonidine
6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione
2-Amino-5-phosphonovalerate
Synaptic Potentials
Phenylephrine
Nickel
Cadmium
Isoproterenol
GTP-Binding Proteins
Evoked Potentials
Synaptic Transmission
Membrane Potentials
Potassium
Ions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology

Cite this

Direct excitation of mitral cells via activation of α1-noradrenergic receptors in rat olfactory bulb slices. / Hayar, Abdallah; Heyward, Phillip M.; Heinbockel, Thomas; Shipley, Michael T.; Ennis, Matthew.

In: Journal of Neurophysiology, Vol. 86, No. 5, 01.12.2001, p. 2173-2182.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hayar, Abdallah ; Heyward, Phillip M. ; Heinbockel, Thomas ; Shipley, Michael T. ; Ennis, Matthew. / Direct excitation of mitral cells via activation of α1-noradrenergic receptors in rat olfactory bulb slices. In: Journal of Neurophysiology. 2001 ; Vol. 86, No. 5. pp. 2173-2182.
@article{cac9f4f459ee424099b1c43b9db49b60,
title = "Direct excitation of mitral cells via activation of α1-noradrenergic receptors in rat olfactory bulb slices",
abstract = "The main olfactory bulb receives a significant modulatory noradrenergic input from the locus coeruleus. Previous in vivo and in vitro studies showed that norepinephrine (NE) inputs increase the sensitivity of mitral cells to weak olfactory inputs. The cellular basis for this action of NE is not understood. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of NE and noradrenergic agonists on the excitability of mitral cells, the main output cells of the olfactory bulb, using whole cell patch-clamp recording in vitro. The noradrenergic agonists, phenylephrine (PE, 10 μM), isoproterenol (Isop, 10 μM), and clonidine (3 μM), were used to test for the functional presence of α1-, β-, and α2-receptors, respectively, on mitral cells. None of these agonists affected olfactory nerve (ON)-evoked field potentials recorded in the glomerular layer, or ON-evoked postsynaptic currents recorded in mitral cells. In whole cell voltage-clamp recordings, NE (30 μM) induced an inward current (54 ± 7 pA, n = 16) with an EC50 of 4.7 μM. Both PE and Isop also produced inward currents (22 ± 4 pA, n = 19, and 29 ± 9 pA, n = 8, respectively), while clonidine produced no effect (n = 6). In the presence of TTX (1 ≇M), and blockers of excitatory and inhibitory fast synaptic transmission [gabazine 5 μM, 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX) 10 μM, and (±)-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (APV) 50 μM], the inward current induced by PE persisted (EC50 = 9 μM), whereas that of Isop was absent. The effect of PE was also observed in the presence of the Ca2+ channel blockers, cadmium (100 μM) and nickel (100 μM). The inward current caused by PE was blocked when the interior of the cell was perfused with the nonhydrolyzable GDP analogue, GDPβS, indicating that the α1 effect is mediated by G-protein coupling. The current-voltage relationship in the absence and presence of PE indicated that the current induced by PE decreased near the equilibrium potential for potassium ions. In current-clamp recordings from bistable mitral cells, PE shifted the membrane potential from the downstate (-52 mV) toward the upstate (-40 mV), and significantly increased spike generation in response to perithreshold ON input. These findings indicate that NE excites mitral cells directly via α1 receptors, an effect that may underlie, at least in part, increased mitral cell responses to weak ON input during locus coeruleus activation in vivo.",
author = "Abdallah Hayar and Heyward, {Phillip M.} and Thomas Heinbockel and Shipley, {Michael T.} and Matthew Ennis",
year = "2001",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "86",
pages = "2173--2182",
journal = "Journal of Neurophysiology",
issn = "0022-3077",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Direct excitation of mitral cells via activation of α1-noradrenergic receptors in rat olfactory bulb slices

AU - Hayar, Abdallah

AU - Heyward, Phillip M.

AU - Heinbockel, Thomas

AU - Shipley, Michael T.

AU - Ennis, Matthew

PY - 2001/12/1

Y1 - 2001/12/1

N2 - The main olfactory bulb receives a significant modulatory noradrenergic input from the locus coeruleus. Previous in vivo and in vitro studies showed that norepinephrine (NE) inputs increase the sensitivity of mitral cells to weak olfactory inputs. The cellular basis for this action of NE is not understood. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of NE and noradrenergic agonists on the excitability of mitral cells, the main output cells of the olfactory bulb, using whole cell patch-clamp recording in vitro. The noradrenergic agonists, phenylephrine (PE, 10 μM), isoproterenol (Isop, 10 μM), and clonidine (3 μM), were used to test for the functional presence of α1-, β-, and α2-receptors, respectively, on mitral cells. None of these agonists affected olfactory nerve (ON)-evoked field potentials recorded in the glomerular layer, or ON-evoked postsynaptic currents recorded in mitral cells. In whole cell voltage-clamp recordings, NE (30 μM) induced an inward current (54 ± 7 pA, n = 16) with an EC50 of 4.7 μM. Both PE and Isop also produced inward currents (22 ± 4 pA, n = 19, and 29 ± 9 pA, n = 8, respectively), while clonidine produced no effect (n = 6). In the presence of TTX (1 ≇M), and blockers of excitatory and inhibitory fast synaptic transmission [gabazine 5 μM, 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX) 10 μM, and (±)-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (APV) 50 μM], the inward current induced by PE persisted (EC50 = 9 μM), whereas that of Isop was absent. The effect of PE was also observed in the presence of the Ca2+ channel blockers, cadmium (100 μM) and nickel (100 μM). The inward current caused by PE was blocked when the interior of the cell was perfused with the nonhydrolyzable GDP analogue, GDPβS, indicating that the α1 effect is mediated by G-protein coupling. The current-voltage relationship in the absence and presence of PE indicated that the current induced by PE decreased near the equilibrium potential for potassium ions. In current-clamp recordings from bistable mitral cells, PE shifted the membrane potential from the downstate (-52 mV) toward the upstate (-40 mV), and significantly increased spike generation in response to perithreshold ON input. These findings indicate that NE excites mitral cells directly via α1 receptors, an effect that may underlie, at least in part, increased mitral cell responses to weak ON input during locus coeruleus activation in vivo.

AB - The main olfactory bulb receives a significant modulatory noradrenergic input from the locus coeruleus. Previous in vivo and in vitro studies showed that norepinephrine (NE) inputs increase the sensitivity of mitral cells to weak olfactory inputs. The cellular basis for this action of NE is not understood. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of NE and noradrenergic agonists on the excitability of mitral cells, the main output cells of the olfactory bulb, using whole cell patch-clamp recording in vitro. The noradrenergic agonists, phenylephrine (PE, 10 μM), isoproterenol (Isop, 10 μM), and clonidine (3 μM), were used to test for the functional presence of α1-, β-, and α2-receptors, respectively, on mitral cells. None of these agonists affected olfactory nerve (ON)-evoked field potentials recorded in the glomerular layer, or ON-evoked postsynaptic currents recorded in mitral cells. In whole cell voltage-clamp recordings, NE (30 μM) induced an inward current (54 ± 7 pA, n = 16) with an EC50 of 4.7 μM. Both PE and Isop also produced inward currents (22 ± 4 pA, n = 19, and 29 ± 9 pA, n = 8, respectively), while clonidine produced no effect (n = 6). In the presence of TTX (1 ≇M), and blockers of excitatory and inhibitory fast synaptic transmission [gabazine 5 μM, 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX) 10 μM, and (±)-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (APV) 50 μM], the inward current induced by PE persisted (EC50 = 9 μM), whereas that of Isop was absent. The effect of PE was also observed in the presence of the Ca2+ channel blockers, cadmium (100 μM) and nickel (100 μM). The inward current caused by PE was blocked when the interior of the cell was perfused with the nonhydrolyzable GDP analogue, GDPβS, indicating that the α1 effect is mediated by G-protein coupling. The current-voltage relationship in the absence and presence of PE indicated that the current induced by PE decreased near the equilibrium potential for potassium ions. In current-clamp recordings from bistable mitral cells, PE shifted the membrane potential from the downstate (-52 mV) toward the upstate (-40 mV), and significantly increased spike generation in response to perithreshold ON input. These findings indicate that NE excites mitral cells directly via α1 receptors, an effect that may underlie, at least in part, increased mitral cell responses to weak ON input during locus coeruleus activation in vivo.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035655978&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035655978&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 11698509

AN - SCOPUS:0035655978

VL - 86

SP - 2173

EP - 2182

JO - Journal of Neurophysiology

JF - Journal of Neurophysiology

SN - 0022-3077

IS - 5

ER -