Early development of neurophysiological processes involved in normal reading and reading disability

A magnetic source imaging study

Panagiotis G. Simos, Jack M. Fletcher, Shirin Sarkari, Rebecca L. Billingsley, David J. Francis, Eduardo M. Castillo, Ekaterina Pataraia, Carolyn Denton, Andrew Papanicolaou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This longitudinal study examined the development of the brain mechanism involved in phonological decoding in beginning readers using magnetic source imaging. Kindergarten students were assigned to 2 groups: those who showed mastery of skills that are important predictors of proficient reading (low-risk group) and those who initially did not show mastery but later benefited from systematic reading instruction and developed average-range reading skills at the end of Grade 1 (high-risk responders). Spatiotemporal profiles of brain activity were obtained during performance of letter-sound and pseudoword naming tasks before and after Grade 1 instruction. With few exceptions, low-risk children showed early development of brain activation profiles that are typical of older skilled readers. Provided that temporoparietal and visual association areas were recruited into the brain mechanism that supported reading, the majority of high-risk responder children benefited from systematic reading instruction and developed adequate reading abilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)787-798
Number of pages12
JournalNeuropsychology
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2005

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Reading
Brain
Longitudinal Studies
Students

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

Simos, P. G., Fletcher, J. M., Sarkari, S., Billingsley, R. L., Francis, D. J., Castillo, E. M., ... Papanicolaou, A. (2005). Early development of neurophysiological processes involved in normal reading and reading disability: A magnetic source imaging study. Neuropsychology, 19(6), 787-798. https://doi.org/10.1037/0894-4105.19.6.787

Early development of neurophysiological processes involved in normal reading and reading disability : A magnetic source imaging study. / Simos, Panagiotis G.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Sarkari, Shirin; Billingsley, Rebecca L.; Francis, David J.; Castillo, Eduardo M.; Pataraia, Ekaterina; Denton, Carolyn; Papanicolaou, Andrew.

In: Neuropsychology, Vol. 19, No. 6, 01.11.2005, p. 787-798.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Simos, PG, Fletcher, JM, Sarkari, S, Billingsley, RL, Francis, DJ, Castillo, EM, Pataraia, E, Denton, C & Papanicolaou, A 2005, 'Early development of neurophysiological processes involved in normal reading and reading disability: A magnetic source imaging study', Neuropsychology, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 787-798. https://doi.org/10.1037/0894-4105.19.6.787
Simos, Panagiotis G. ; Fletcher, Jack M. ; Sarkari, Shirin ; Billingsley, Rebecca L. ; Francis, David J. ; Castillo, Eduardo M. ; Pataraia, Ekaterina ; Denton, Carolyn ; Papanicolaou, Andrew. / Early development of neurophysiological processes involved in normal reading and reading disability : A magnetic source imaging study. In: Neuropsychology. 2005 ; Vol. 19, No. 6. pp. 787-798.
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