Effect of dental restorative materials on total antioxidant capacity and calcium concentration of unstimulated saliva

Gholam H. Ramezani, Mona Momeni Moghadam, Mohammad Ali Saghiri, Franklin Garcia-Godoy, Armen Asatourian, Mohsen Aminsobhani, Mark Scarbecz, Nader Sheibani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: To evaluate the effect of dental amalgam and composite restorations on total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and calcium (Ca) ion concentration of unstimulated saliva. Material and Methods: Forty-eight children aged 6-10 years selected and divided into three groups of sixteen (8 males, 8 females). In group A and B, samples consisted of two class II dental composite or amalgam restorations, while in group C samples were caries-free (control group). Unstimulated saliva from all samples was collected and TAC was measured by spectrophotometry using an adaptation of 2, 2'-azino-di-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonate) (ABTS) assay. The Ca ion level was estimated by an auto- analyzer. Data were analyzed with one- and two-way ANOVA test, at a p < .05 level of significance. Results: Composite samples showed significantly higher TAC and lower Ca ion levels compared to amalgam and caries-free samples (p < .05). The TAC values showed only significant difference between groups (p < .05), while the Ca ion results showed significant differences within and between groups (p < .05). Conclusions: Dental composite restorations increased TAC and decreased Ca ion levels more than amalgam restorations in saliva. Gender is an effective factor in changes induced in oral cavity as females showed more emphatic reaction to dental filling materials than males. Statement of Clinical Relevance: Patients who have dental restorations, especially dental composites, should pay more attention to their dental hygiene, because dental restorations can increase oxidative stress and decrease Ca ion level in saliva, which might jeopardize remineralization process of tooth structures after demineralization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e71-e77
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Dental Materials
Saliva
Antioxidants
Ions
Tooth
Calcium
Tooth Remineralization
Dental Amalgam
Oral Hygiene
Spectrophotometry
Mouth
Analysis of Variance
Oxidative Stress
Control Groups

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Effect of dental restorative materials on total antioxidant capacity and calcium concentration of unstimulated saliva. / Ramezani, Gholam H.; Moghadam, Mona Momeni; Saghiri, Mohammad Ali; Garcia-Godoy, Franklin; Asatourian, Armen; Aminsobhani, Mohsen; Scarbecz, Mark; Sheibani, Nader.

In: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry, Vol. 9, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. e71-e77.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ramezani, Gholam H. ; Moghadam, Mona Momeni ; Saghiri, Mohammad Ali ; Garcia-Godoy, Franklin ; Asatourian, Armen ; Aminsobhani, Mohsen ; Scarbecz, Mark ; Sheibani, Nader. / Effect of dental restorative materials on total antioxidant capacity and calcium concentration of unstimulated saliva. In: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry. 2017 ; Vol. 9, No. 1. pp. e71-e77.
@article{8c16ac41678f4873a7dcdf450e96102f,
title = "Effect of dental restorative materials on total antioxidant capacity and calcium concentration of unstimulated saliva",
abstract = "Background: To evaluate the effect of dental amalgam and composite restorations on total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and calcium (Ca) ion concentration of unstimulated saliva. Material and Methods: Forty-eight children aged 6-10 years selected and divided into three groups of sixteen (8 males, 8 females). In group A and B, samples consisted of two class II dental composite or amalgam restorations, while in group C samples were caries-free (control group). Unstimulated saliva from all samples was collected and TAC was measured by spectrophotometry using an adaptation of 2, 2'-azino-di-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonate) (ABTS) assay. The Ca ion level was estimated by an auto- analyzer. Data were analyzed with one- and two-way ANOVA test, at a p < .05 level of significance. Results: Composite samples showed significantly higher TAC and lower Ca ion levels compared to amalgam and caries-free samples (p < .05). The TAC values showed only significant difference between groups (p < .05), while the Ca ion results showed significant differences within and between groups (p < .05). Conclusions: Dental composite restorations increased TAC and decreased Ca ion levels more than amalgam restorations in saliva. Gender is an effective factor in changes induced in oral cavity as females showed more emphatic reaction to dental filling materials than males. Statement of Clinical Relevance: Patients who have dental restorations, especially dental composites, should pay more attention to their dental hygiene, because dental restorations can increase oxidative stress and decrease Ca ion level in saliva, which might jeopardize remineralization process of tooth structures after demineralization.",
author = "Ramezani, {Gholam H.} and Moghadam, {Mona Momeni} and Saghiri, {Mohammad Ali} and Franklin Garcia-Godoy and Armen Asatourian and Mohsen Aminsobhani and Mark Scarbecz and Nader Sheibani",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.4317/jced.53272",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
pages = "e71--e77",
journal = "Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry",
issn = "1989-5488",
publisher = "Medicina Oral S.L",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of dental restorative materials on total antioxidant capacity and calcium concentration of unstimulated saliva

AU - Ramezani, Gholam H.

AU - Moghadam, Mona Momeni

AU - Saghiri, Mohammad Ali

AU - Garcia-Godoy, Franklin

AU - Asatourian, Armen

AU - Aminsobhani, Mohsen

AU - Scarbecz, Mark

AU - Sheibani, Nader

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Background: To evaluate the effect of dental amalgam and composite restorations on total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and calcium (Ca) ion concentration of unstimulated saliva. Material and Methods: Forty-eight children aged 6-10 years selected and divided into three groups of sixteen (8 males, 8 females). In group A and B, samples consisted of two class II dental composite or amalgam restorations, while in group C samples were caries-free (control group). Unstimulated saliva from all samples was collected and TAC was measured by spectrophotometry using an adaptation of 2, 2'-azino-di-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonate) (ABTS) assay. The Ca ion level was estimated by an auto- analyzer. Data were analyzed with one- and two-way ANOVA test, at a p < .05 level of significance. Results: Composite samples showed significantly higher TAC and lower Ca ion levels compared to amalgam and caries-free samples (p < .05). The TAC values showed only significant difference between groups (p < .05), while the Ca ion results showed significant differences within and between groups (p < .05). Conclusions: Dental composite restorations increased TAC and decreased Ca ion levels more than amalgam restorations in saliva. Gender is an effective factor in changes induced in oral cavity as females showed more emphatic reaction to dental filling materials than males. Statement of Clinical Relevance: Patients who have dental restorations, especially dental composites, should pay more attention to their dental hygiene, because dental restorations can increase oxidative stress and decrease Ca ion level in saliva, which might jeopardize remineralization process of tooth structures after demineralization.

AB - Background: To evaluate the effect of dental amalgam and composite restorations on total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and calcium (Ca) ion concentration of unstimulated saliva. Material and Methods: Forty-eight children aged 6-10 years selected and divided into three groups of sixteen (8 males, 8 females). In group A and B, samples consisted of two class II dental composite or amalgam restorations, while in group C samples were caries-free (control group). Unstimulated saliva from all samples was collected and TAC was measured by spectrophotometry using an adaptation of 2, 2'-azino-di-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonate) (ABTS) assay. The Ca ion level was estimated by an auto- analyzer. Data were analyzed with one- and two-way ANOVA test, at a p < .05 level of significance. Results: Composite samples showed significantly higher TAC and lower Ca ion levels compared to amalgam and caries-free samples (p < .05). The TAC values showed only significant difference between groups (p < .05), while the Ca ion results showed significant differences within and between groups (p < .05). Conclusions: Dental composite restorations increased TAC and decreased Ca ion levels more than amalgam restorations in saliva. Gender is an effective factor in changes induced in oral cavity as females showed more emphatic reaction to dental filling materials than males. Statement of Clinical Relevance: Patients who have dental restorations, especially dental composites, should pay more attention to their dental hygiene, because dental restorations can increase oxidative stress and decrease Ca ion level in saliva, which might jeopardize remineralization process of tooth structures after demineralization.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85011906863&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85011906863&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4317/jced.53272

DO - 10.4317/jced.53272

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - e71-e77

JO - Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry

JF - Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry

SN - 1989-5488

IS - 1

ER -