Effectiveness outcomes and health related quality of life impact of disease progression in patients with advanced nonsquamous NSCLC treated in real-world community oncology settings

Results from a prospective medical record registry study

Mark S. Walker, William Wong, Arliene Ravelo, Paul J.E. Miller, Lee Schwartzberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Treatment options for advanced nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the first line include platinum-based doublet therapy with or without bevacizumab. This study examined efficacy outcomes and patient reported outcomes (PROs) in a community oncology patient sample. Methods: Advanced nonsquamous NSCLC patients from 34 U.S. community oncology practices treated in first line with bevacizumab regimens (A platinum doublet; gemcitabine doublet; pemetrexed with platinum) or non-bevacizumab regimens (B platinum doublet; gemcitabine doublet; C pemetrexed with platinum) were recruited for this prospective study. Patient characteristics and clinical outcomes were accessed from routine care records. Three validated and widely used PRO measures of health related quality of life (HRQOL) and symptom burden were collected prospectively at each visit and up to one-year follow-up. Effectiveness outcomes were progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) assessed by Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression methods. PROs were analyzed with linear mixed model regression to examine changes over time, and the effect of disease progression. Results: Of 147 patients in the study, 145 provided PRO data. Patients in treatment groups were: A (n = 66, 44.9%); B (n = 25, 17.0%); C (n = 56, 38.1%). A was associated with significantly longer OS than B (HR = 0.341, p = 0.0012), and significantly longer than C (HR = 0.602, p = 0.0354). PFS results were similar. Irrespective of regimen group and on 12/32 measures, patients showed significant and clinically meaningful worsening of symptoms and HRQOL at disease progression. After disease progression, the pattern of symptom and HRQOL change showed continued worsening. Conclusions: Bevacizumab-containing regimens were associated with longer PFS and OS compared with non-bevacizumab regimens. PRO measures show disease progression is associated with worsening HRQOL. Delaying disease progression can sustain better HRQL and reduce symptom burden.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number160
JournalHealth and Quality of Life Outcomes
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 14 2017

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Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Medical Records
Registries
Disease Progression
Platinum
Quality of Life
gemcitabine
Pemetrexed
Disease-Free Survival
Survival
Linear Models
Therapeutics
Patient Reported Outcome Measures
Prospective Studies
Bevacizumab

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{fc58bedefe3a4c62bcc7943b105f155e,
title = "Effectiveness outcomes and health related quality of life impact of disease progression in patients with advanced nonsquamous NSCLC treated in real-world community oncology settings: Results from a prospective medical record registry study",
abstract = "Background: Treatment options for advanced nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the first line include platinum-based doublet therapy with or without bevacizumab. This study examined efficacy outcomes and patient reported outcomes (PROs) in a community oncology patient sample. Methods: Advanced nonsquamous NSCLC patients from 34 U.S. community oncology practices treated in first line with bevacizumab regimens (A platinum doublet; gemcitabine doublet; pemetrexed with platinum) or non-bevacizumab regimens (B platinum doublet; gemcitabine doublet; C pemetrexed with platinum) were recruited for this prospective study. Patient characteristics and clinical outcomes were accessed from routine care records. Three validated and widely used PRO measures of health related quality of life (HRQOL) and symptom burden were collected prospectively at each visit and up to one-year follow-up. Effectiveness outcomes were progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) assessed by Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression methods. PROs were analyzed with linear mixed model regression to examine changes over time, and the effect of disease progression. Results: Of 147 patients in the study, 145 provided PRO data. Patients in treatment groups were: A (n = 66, 44.9{\%}); B (n = 25, 17.0{\%}); C (n = 56, 38.1{\%}). A was associated with significantly longer OS than B (HR = 0.341, p = 0.0012), and significantly longer than C (HR = 0.602, p = 0.0354). PFS results were similar. Irrespective of regimen group and on 12/32 measures, patients showed significant and clinically meaningful worsening of symptoms and HRQOL at disease progression. After disease progression, the pattern of symptom and HRQOL change showed continued worsening. Conclusions: Bevacizumab-containing regimens were associated with longer PFS and OS compared with non-bevacizumab regimens. PRO measures show disease progression is associated with worsening HRQOL. Delaying disease progression can sustain better HRQL and reduce symptom burden.",
author = "Walker, {Mark S.} and William Wong and Arliene Ravelo and Miller, {Paul J.E.} and Lee Schwartzberg",
year = "2017",
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doi = "10.1186/s12955-017-0735-4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
journal = "Health and Quality of Life Outcomes",
issn = "1477-7525",
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T1 - Effectiveness outcomes and health related quality of life impact of disease progression in patients with advanced nonsquamous NSCLC treated in real-world community oncology settings

T2 - Results from a prospective medical record registry study

AU - Walker, Mark S.

AU - Wong, William

AU - Ravelo, Arliene

AU - Miller, Paul J.E.

AU - Schwartzberg, Lee

PY - 2017/8/14

Y1 - 2017/8/14

N2 - Background: Treatment options for advanced nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the first line include platinum-based doublet therapy with or without bevacizumab. This study examined efficacy outcomes and patient reported outcomes (PROs) in a community oncology patient sample. Methods: Advanced nonsquamous NSCLC patients from 34 U.S. community oncology practices treated in first line with bevacizumab regimens (A platinum doublet; gemcitabine doublet; pemetrexed with platinum) or non-bevacizumab regimens (B platinum doublet; gemcitabine doublet; C pemetrexed with platinum) were recruited for this prospective study. Patient characteristics and clinical outcomes were accessed from routine care records. Three validated and widely used PRO measures of health related quality of life (HRQOL) and symptom burden were collected prospectively at each visit and up to one-year follow-up. Effectiveness outcomes were progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) assessed by Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression methods. PROs were analyzed with linear mixed model regression to examine changes over time, and the effect of disease progression. Results: Of 147 patients in the study, 145 provided PRO data. Patients in treatment groups were: A (n = 66, 44.9%); B (n = 25, 17.0%); C (n = 56, 38.1%). A was associated with significantly longer OS than B (HR = 0.341, p = 0.0012), and significantly longer than C (HR = 0.602, p = 0.0354). PFS results were similar. Irrespective of regimen group and on 12/32 measures, patients showed significant and clinically meaningful worsening of symptoms and HRQOL at disease progression. After disease progression, the pattern of symptom and HRQOL change showed continued worsening. Conclusions: Bevacizumab-containing regimens were associated with longer PFS and OS compared with non-bevacizumab regimens. PRO measures show disease progression is associated with worsening HRQOL. Delaying disease progression can sustain better HRQL and reduce symptom burden.

AB - Background: Treatment options for advanced nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the first line include platinum-based doublet therapy with or without bevacizumab. This study examined efficacy outcomes and patient reported outcomes (PROs) in a community oncology patient sample. Methods: Advanced nonsquamous NSCLC patients from 34 U.S. community oncology practices treated in first line with bevacizumab regimens (A platinum doublet; gemcitabine doublet; pemetrexed with platinum) or non-bevacizumab regimens (B platinum doublet; gemcitabine doublet; C pemetrexed with platinum) were recruited for this prospective study. Patient characteristics and clinical outcomes were accessed from routine care records. Three validated and widely used PRO measures of health related quality of life (HRQOL) and symptom burden were collected prospectively at each visit and up to one-year follow-up. Effectiveness outcomes were progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) assessed by Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression methods. PROs were analyzed with linear mixed model regression to examine changes over time, and the effect of disease progression. Results: Of 147 patients in the study, 145 provided PRO data. Patients in treatment groups were: A (n = 66, 44.9%); B (n = 25, 17.0%); C (n = 56, 38.1%). A was associated with significantly longer OS than B (HR = 0.341, p = 0.0012), and significantly longer than C (HR = 0.602, p = 0.0354). PFS results were similar. Irrespective of regimen group and on 12/32 measures, patients showed significant and clinically meaningful worsening of symptoms and HRQOL at disease progression. After disease progression, the pattern of symptom and HRQOL change showed continued worsening. Conclusions: Bevacizumab-containing regimens were associated with longer PFS and OS compared with non-bevacizumab regimens. PRO measures show disease progression is associated with worsening HRQOL. Delaying disease progression can sustain better HRQL and reduce symptom burden.

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