Effects of dynorphin on rat entopeduncular nucleus neurons in vitro

M. Ogura, Hitoshi Kita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The entopeduncular nucleus (EP) receives dense neostriatal afferent axons that contain dynorphin (DYN, an endogenous κ-receptor agonist), in addition to GABA and substance P. To examine the role of DYN in the EP, whole-cell recordings were performed in rat brain slice preparations. Based on the physiological and morphological characteristics, all the neurons recorded were similar to the Type-I EP neuron described in a previous study. The κ-receptor agonist dynorphin A (1-13) (DYN13) hyperpolarized and decreased the input resistance of approximately one-quarter of the EP neurons examined. The hyperpolarization was due to an increase in potassium conductance since current-voltage relationship curves obtained before and after DYN13 application crossed at the potassium equilibrium potential. In the presence of the glutamate blocker 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-6-nitro-2,3-dioxo-benzo[f]quinoxaline-7-sulfonamide and 3-(2-carboxypiperzin-4-yl)-propyl-1-phosphonic acid in artificial cerebrospinal fluid, stimulation of the globus pallidus evoked bicuculline-sensitive multi-component GABAergic responses in EP neurons. Application of DYN13 equally reduced the amplitudes of the short-latency response, conceivably evoked by pallido-EP axons, and the medium-latency response, conceivably evoked by striato-EP axons. These effects were reversed by bath application of a non-selective opioid antagonist naloxone or by a κ-opioid receptor-selective antagonist nor-binaltorphimine dihydrochloride (nor-BNI), but not by the ∂-antagonist naltrindole or the μ-antagonist D-Phe-Cys-Tyr-D-Trp-Orn-Thr-Pen-Thr-NH2. DYN13 also reduced the frequency of tetrodotoxin-insensitive miniature-inhibitory postsynaptic potential (mIPSPs) without changing their amplitude distributions. The decrease of the frequency of mIPSPs was reversible upon washing and was also completely blocked by nor-BNI. The results of the present study on the EP indicated that DYN released from striatal axons might exert at least three different effects on these target nuclei. Firstly, DYN might provide negative feedback regulation of striatal GABAergic outputs at their termination sites. Secondly, DYN released from the striatal terminals might diffuse to the pallidal terminals, regulating their GABA release. Thirdly, DYN might exert a direct inhibition of EP neurons. Thus, DYN released from striatal axons might control the activity of EP neurons by reducing the GABAergic transmission and also by hyperpolarizing postsynaptic membrane.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)973-982
Number of pages10
JournalNeuroscience
Volume114
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2002

Fingerprint

Entopeduncular Nucleus
Dynorphins
Neurons
Corpus Striatum
Axons
Miniature Postsynaptic Potentials
Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potentials
naltrindole
Narcotic Antagonists
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
Reaction Time
Potassium
In Vitro Techniques
GABAergic Neurons
Globus Pallidus
Bicuculline
Sulfonamides
Tetrodotoxin
Patch-Clamp Techniques
Substance P

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Effects of dynorphin on rat entopeduncular nucleus neurons in vitro. / Ogura, M.; Kita, Hitoshi.

In: Neuroscience, Vol. 114, No. 4, 01.11.2002, p. 973-982.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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