Effects of estrogen status and aging on salivary flow rates in healthy Caucasian women

Charles F. Streckfus, Ursula Baur, L. Jackson Brown, Carolyn Bacal, E. Metter, Todd Nick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A comparison of salivary flow rates was made between three groups of female individuals according to their menopausal status. The three groups consisted of healthy, dentate, nonmedicated women (with the exception of the use of estrogen) from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. One group consisted of premenopausal women (n = 51), their mean age was 39 years. Another group (n = 26) was perimenopausal with a mean age of 48 years. A third group (n = 76) was postmenopausal with a mean age of 69 years. The groups were evaluated for unstimulated (U(PAR)) and stimulated parotid gland flow rates (S(PAR)), unstimulated (U(SUB)) and stimulated submandibular/sublingual gland flow rates (S(SUB)), and stimulated whole-saliva flow rates (S(WHOLE). The parotid flow rates were determined using a Carlson-Crittenden cup, while the submandibular/sublingual flow rates were determined using the National Institute of Dental Research collector. A 2 % citrate solution was used for stimulation in glandular collections. Chewing a 1-cm3 cube of paraffin was used to stimulate whole saliva. The results showed no significant differences in U(PAR), S(PAR), and S(WHOLE) between the three groups. However, the premenopausal women had higher U(SUB) than the postmenopausal group. The premenopausal women also had higher S(SUB) than perimenopausal and postmenopausal groups. There were no differences in salivary flow rates between those taking estrogen and those that were not medicated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32-39
Number of pages8
JournalGerontology
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Estrogens
Saliva
Sublingual Gland
Dental Research
Baltimore
Submandibular Gland
Mastication
Parotid Gland
Citric Acid
Paraffin
Longitudinal Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Effects of estrogen status and aging on salivary flow rates in healthy Caucasian women. / Streckfus, Charles F.; Baur, Ursula; Brown, L. Jackson; Bacal, Carolyn; Metter, E.; Nick, Todd.

In: Gerontology, Vol. 44, No. 1, 01.01.1998, p. 32-39.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Streckfus, Charles F. ; Baur, Ursula ; Brown, L. Jackson ; Bacal, Carolyn ; Metter, E. ; Nick, Todd. / Effects of estrogen status and aging on salivary flow rates in healthy Caucasian women. In: Gerontology. 1998 ; Vol. 44, No. 1. pp. 32-39.
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