Effects of mast cell-macrophage interactions on the production of collagenolytic enzymes by metastatic tumor cells and tumor-derived and stromal fibroblasts

Mustafa Kh Dabbous, Susan M. North, Lena Haney, David Tipton, Garth L. Nicolson

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Abstract

Histological examination of the metastatic rat mammary adenocarcinoma line MTLn3 showed that macrophages and mast cells were frequently localized at the tumor periphery in the stromal tissues adjacent to the zones of tumor invasion. The interactions of these host cells with tumor cells and tumor-associated fibroblasts could be important in stimulating the production of extracellular matrix-degrading enzymes that facilitate tumor invasion and metastatic spread. Therefore, we examined the effects of isolated, activated macrophages and mast cells on the secretion of collagenolytic activities by normal fibroblasts, metastatic mammary adenocarcinoma cells and tumor-associated fibroblasts. Medium from activated macrophages or degranulated mast cells stimulated significant increases in production of collagenolytic activities by normal and tumor-associated fibroblasts and MTLn3 tumor cells. Medium from activated macrophages that had been pretreated with medium from degranulated mast cells, however, were less stimulatory to fibroblasts and tumor cell production of collagenolytic activities than medium from degranulated mast cells alone. We also examined the effects of two cytokines, interleukin-1α and tumor necrosis factor-a on activated macrophage- and degranulated mast cell-stimulation of fibroblast and tumor cell collagenolytic activities. The two cytokines alone or in combination stimulated increased production of collagenolytic activities by fibroblasts and tumor cells. Addition of the cytokines to degranulated mast cell products resulted in secretion of higher collagenolytic enzyme activities by normal fibroblasts (but not by tumor-derived fibroblasts or tumor cells) than with degranulated mast cell product-treatment of either target cell alone. Cytokines used in combination with macrophage-conditioned medium were less effective in stimulating fibroblast and tumor cell collagenase activities than cytokines alone. Thus normal infiltrating host cells such as macrophages and mast cells can have profound effects on the production of degradative enzymes by tumor cells and tumor-associated stromal fibroblasts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-41
Number of pages9
JournalClinical & Experimental Metastasis
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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Mast Cells
Cell Communication
Fibroblasts
Macrophages
Enzymes
Neoplasms
Cytokines
Adenocarcinoma
Breast
Collagenases
Conditioned Culture Medium
Interleukin-1
Extracellular Matrix
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Effects of mast cell-macrophage interactions on the production of collagenolytic enzymes by metastatic tumor cells and tumor-derived and stromal fibroblasts. / Dabbous, Mustafa Kh; North, Susan M.; Haney, Lena; Tipton, David; Nicolson, Garth L.

In: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis, Vol. 13, No. 1, 01.01.1995, p. 33-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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