Efficacy of a tailored tobacco control program on long-term use in a population of U.S. military troops

Robert Klesges, Margaret DeBon, Mark W. Vander Weg, C. Keith Haddock, Harry A. Lando, George E. Relyea, Alan L. Peterson, Gerald Talcott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors evaluated the effect of a brief tailored smoking control intervention delivered during basic military training on tobacco use in a population of military personnel (N = 33,215). Participants were randomized to either a tobacco use intervention (smoking cessation, smokeless tobacco use cessation, or prevention depending on tobacco use history) or a health education control condition. Results indicated that smokers who received intervention were 1.16 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.04, 1.30) times (7-day point prevalence) and 1.23 (95% CI = 1.07, 1.41) times (continuous abstinence) more likely to be abstinent than controls from smoking cigarettes at the 1-year follow-up (p <. 01); the cessation rate difference was 1.60% (31.09% vs. 29.49%) and 1.73% (15.47% vs. 13.74%) for point prevalence and continuous abstinence, respectively. Additionally, smokeless tobacco users were 1.33 (95% CI = 1.08, 1.63) times more likely than controls (p <. 01) continuously abstinent at follow-up, an overall cessation rate difference of 5.44% (33.72% vs. 28.28%). The smoking prevention program had no impact on smoking initiation. These results suggest potential for large-scale tobacco control efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-306
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Volume74
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2006

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Tobacco
Tobacco Use
Smoking
Tobacco Use Cessation
Confidence Intervals
Population
Smokeless Tobacco
Military Personnel
Smoking Cessation
Health Education
History

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Klesges, R., DeBon, M., Vander Weg, M. W., Haddock, C. K., Lando, H. A., Relyea, G. E., ... Talcott, G. (2006). Efficacy of a tailored tobacco control program on long-term use in a population of U.S. military troops. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(2), 295-306. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.74.2.295

Efficacy of a tailored tobacco control program on long-term use in a population of U.S. military troops. / Klesges, Robert; DeBon, Margaret; Vander Weg, Mark W.; Haddock, C. Keith; Lando, Harry A.; Relyea, George E.; Peterson, Alan L.; Talcott, Gerald.

In: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 74, No. 2, 01.04.2006, p. 295-306.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Klesges, R, DeBon, M, Vander Weg, MW, Haddock, CK, Lando, HA, Relyea, GE, Peterson, AL & Talcott, G 2006, 'Efficacy of a tailored tobacco control program on long-term use in a population of U.S. military troops', Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 295-306. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.74.2.295
Klesges, Robert ; DeBon, Margaret ; Vander Weg, Mark W. ; Haddock, C. Keith ; Lando, Harry A. ; Relyea, George E. ; Peterson, Alan L. ; Talcott, Gerald. / Efficacy of a tailored tobacco control program on long-term use in a population of U.S. military troops. In: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2006 ; Vol. 74, No. 2. pp. 295-306.
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