EGF receptor plays a role in the mechanism of glutamine-mediated prevention of alcohol-induced gut barrier dysfunction and liver injury

Avtar S. Meena, Pradeep Kumar Shukla, Parimal Sheth, Radhakrishna Rao

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Abstract

Recent study indicated that glutamine prevents alcoholic tissue injury in mouse gut and liver. Here we investigated the potential role of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) in glutamine-mediated prevention of ethanol-induced colonic barrier dysfunction, endotoxemia and liver damage. Wild-type and EGFR*Tg transgenic (expressing dominant negative EGFR) mice were fed 1–6% ethanol in Lieber-DeCarli diet. Gut permeability was measured by vascular-to-luminal flux of FITC-inulin, and junctional integrity assessed by confocal microscopy. Liver injury was evaluated by plasma transaminases, histopathology and triglyceride analyses. Glutamine effect on acetaldehyde-induced tight junction disruption was investigated in Caco-2 cell monolayers. Doxycycline-induced expression of EGFR* blocked glutamine-mediated prevention of ethanol-induced disruption of colonic epithelial tight junction, mucosal permeability and endotoxemia. Ethanol activated cofilin and disrupted actin cytoskeleton, which was blocked by glutamine in an EGFR-dependent mechanism. Ethanol down-regulated antioxidant gene expression and up-regulated cytokine and chemokine gene expression, which were blocked by glutamine in wild-type mice in the presence or absence of doxycycline, but not in EGFR*Tg mice in the presence of doxycycline. Histopathology, plasma transaminases, triglyceride and expression of chemokine and antioxidant genes indicated ethanol-induced liver damage, which were blocked by glutamine in an EGFR-dependent mechanism. Src kinase activity and extracellular ligand binding domain of EGFR are required for glutamine-mediated protection of barrier function in Caco-2 cell monolayers. Glutamine released metalloproteinases into the medium, and metalloproteinase inhibitors blocked glutamine-mediated protection of barrier function. Results demonstrate that EGFR plays an important role in glutamine-mediated prevention of alcoholic gut permeability, endotoxemia and liver damage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)128-143
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Volume64
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

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Glutamine
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor
Liver
Liver Diseases
Alcohols
Wounds and Injuries
Ethanol
Endotoxemia
Doxycycline
Permeability
Caco-2 Cells
Tight Junctions
Metalloproteases
Transaminases
Chemokines
Gene expression
Monolayers
Triglycerides
Antioxidants
Actin Depolymerizing Factors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "EGF receptor plays a role in the mechanism of glutamine-mediated prevention of alcohol-induced gut barrier dysfunction and liver injury",
abstract = "Recent study indicated that glutamine prevents alcoholic tissue injury in mouse gut and liver. Here we investigated the potential role of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) in glutamine-mediated prevention of ethanol-induced colonic barrier dysfunction, endotoxemia and liver damage. Wild-type and EGFR*Tg transgenic (expressing dominant negative EGFR) mice were fed 1–6{\%} ethanol in Lieber-DeCarli diet. Gut permeability was measured by vascular-to-luminal flux of FITC-inulin, and junctional integrity assessed by confocal microscopy. Liver injury was evaluated by plasma transaminases, histopathology and triglyceride analyses. Glutamine effect on acetaldehyde-induced tight junction disruption was investigated in Caco-2 cell monolayers. Doxycycline-induced expression of EGFR* blocked glutamine-mediated prevention of ethanol-induced disruption of colonic epithelial tight junction, mucosal permeability and endotoxemia. Ethanol activated cofilin and disrupted actin cytoskeleton, which was blocked by glutamine in an EGFR-dependent mechanism. Ethanol down-regulated antioxidant gene expression and up-regulated cytokine and chemokine gene expression, which were blocked by glutamine in wild-type mice in the presence or absence of doxycycline, but not in EGFR*Tg mice in the presence of doxycycline. Histopathology, plasma transaminases, triglyceride and expression of chemokine and antioxidant genes indicated ethanol-induced liver damage, which were blocked by glutamine in an EGFR-dependent mechanism. Src kinase activity and extracellular ligand binding domain of EGFR are required for glutamine-mediated protection of barrier function in Caco-2 cell monolayers. Glutamine released metalloproteinases into the medium, and metalloproteinase inhibitors blocked glutamine-mediated protection of barrier function. Results demonstrate that EGFR plays an important role in glutamine-mediated prevention of alcoholic gut permeability, endotoxemia and liver damage.",
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AU - Rao, Radhakrishna

PY - 2019/2/1

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